Military History Resources  

U.S. Civil War
World War I
World War II
Cold War
Vietnam War
     Maps   • Quotations & Maxims
Basic Mil History Resources
Oxford Dictionary of the US Military
DoD Dictionary of Military Terms (current)
  • 2005 Edition (more detailed)  • Mil Lexicon
WikiProject: Military History
SourceWatch
Air Force mag Archive
JSTOR    ProQuest
GT Library History DB
Defense Technical Info. Ctr ****
West Point Atlas
(current Summer 2012)

List of Wars    Another
Walk Back Through Time

General Resources Maps & Geography     • Timelines Quotations
e-Books   • Publications e-Journals Additional Resources
Lessons of History     • Lessons of War Media     • Images Wargaming
Characteristics of War
   • Instruments of Power
   • Levels of War
   • Total War
   • Irregular War
   • American Way of War
   • Law of War
   • Moral & Ethical Issues
Grand Strategy

Strategy
   • Geopolitics
Op Art Tactics
Principles of War     • Theory of War
Military Revolutions & RMA
   • 4th Gen Warfare
Politics of War
   • Leadership
   • Protest in War
• Diplomacy
Technology & War
Irregular War
   • US Frontier Wars
   • Philipine War
   • Vietnam
   • Gulf War II
   • Afghanistan
Logistics
   • Logistics in WW II
Weapon Technology
Weapons
   • Gunpowder
   • Bullets & Cartridges
   • Small Arms
   • Automatic Weapons
   • Other Infantry Weapons

   • Artillery
   • Naval Guns
   • Tanks
   • Anti-Tank Weapons
   • Land Mines
   • Chemical Warfare

Intelligence

Deception & Psy War

Electronic Warfare
Defense of the Homeland
   • Fortifications
   • Maginot Line
   • Coastal Defenses
   • Air Defense
Land Warfare    • Airborne & Air Mobile Ops Sea Warfare     • Naval Weapons Air Warfare     • Aerial Weapons
Ship Types Amphib Warfare    • Landing Craft Merchant Ships

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Antiquity Middle Ages           • Renaissance • 17th Century War        • 18th Century War
American War for Independence    • At Sea Quasi-War With France Barbary Wars
French Revolution Napoleonic Wars           • Battles Napoleonic Weapons & Tactics
War of 1812 War of 1812 at Sea Age of Fighting Sail
American Civil War
   • Causes
   • Strategy    • Tactics
   • Economics & Logistics
   • Diplomacy
   • Home Front
   • Weapons
American Civil War - Land
   • Gettysburg
   • Atlanta
   • Total War
American Civil War - Sea
   • Blockade
   • Hampton Roads
   • Confederate Crusiers
Other 19th C Wars    • Indian Wars Franco-Prussian War Imperialism     • US Imperialism
Spanish-American War Philippine War Early 20th Century Wars
World War I
   • Causes
   • Timelines
   • Strategy  • Tactics
   • Weapons
   • America in the War
   • Home Front
   • Logistics
   • Leaders
   • Lessons
World War I - Land
   • Opening Moves
   • Battles
   • Leudendorff Offensive
World War I - Sea
   • Submarine Warfare
   • Mine Warfare
   • Merchant Marine
• World War I - Air World War I - Aftermath Inter-War Years   • US Interwars

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World War II
   • Portals
   • Timelines
   • National Strategies
   • US in WW II
   • US Home Front   • UK Home Front
   • Logistics
   • Technology, Tactics & Weapons
      • Atomic Bomb
World War II - Land
   • Europe
      • Soviet-German War
      • Mediterranean, ME & S Europe
      • Normandy Campaign
      • Battles for France & Germany
   • Asia
      • Aleutian Campaign
      • Island Hopping
      • Invasion of Japan

World War II - Sea
   • Atlantic
      • Battle of the Atlantic

   • Pacific
      • Pearl Harbor
      • Midway     • Other Sea Battles
      • USN Ships
      • US Sub War
      • Japanese Navy

World War II - Air
   • Battle of Britain
   • Strategic Bombing
   • USAAF Aircraft
   • USN Aircraft
   • RAF Aircraft
   • German Aircraft
   • Japanese Aircraft

   • A-bomb: Development & Use


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Cold War
   • Timelines
   • Origins
   • Strategy
   • Nuclear Forces
   • Aerial Reconnaissance

   • Berlin Airlift
   • Cuban Crisis
   • Cold War At Sea
   • Air Defenses & CD
   • End of the Cold War
Korean War
   • Air War
   • Naval Air
   • Naval War
Other Post World War II
   • Arab-Israeli Wars
   • Iran Hostage Crisis
Vietnam   • Air Operations Falkland War (1982)  
Desert Storm The Long War (War on Terrorism) National Security Strategy
   • Nuclear Revival
   • Stability & Reconstruction (Phase IV) Ops
Gulf War II   (Iraqi Freedom)
   • Lessons Learned
Afghanistan
   • Soviet-Afghan War (1979-89)
   • US-Afghan War (2001-03)
   • Afghanistan War (2003-   )
War at the Millennium
   • America in the 21st Century
History of Modern War Course Lesson Plans The Study of War

Teaching Military History History Resources Aviation & Airpower History    • End

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General Resources
World & US History Resources (internal)

  • Reader's Companion Database
       • US Wars  • US Mil History Topics
       • American History
  • American History Lecture Portal (C-SPAN)
       • Listing w/ Links toi Video

  • Modern History Sourcebook (primary docs)

  • Dictionaries of Military Science

  • Military History Portal (WWW-VL)
       • Richard Jensen
       • Open Directory
       • Patchogue-Medford Library
       • Military History Online
       • Air War College Gateway  • Mil History  • Index
          • Subject Guides & Bibliographies
       • Canadian Forces C&S College (cached)
       • Mil History Encyclopedia on the Web (Rickard)
       • eHistory.com  • Archive  • Images & Maps
       • Bibliotheca (UK)  • Links
       • Weapons & Warfare (all periods)
       • History of Warfare (KLMA)
       • About.com
       • Oxford Military History Companion
       • Arms and Influence (blog)
       • All World Wars (artices & photos)
       • OnWar.com
       • Free Library (articles on "war")

  • US Mil History Portal (WWW-VL)
       • America's Wars (History Central)
       • The Millitary & War in America (SHSU)
       • Air War College
       • Infoplease (C³)
       • Oxford US Military History Companion
       • America At War (timelines)
  • Harmon Memorial Lectures (military history)

  • General History Resources (internal link)
  • Canadian Military History (portal)  • Index
       • Canadian Military Heritage (e-book)
  • Air War College Resources
       • General History  • Military History
       • Lessons Learned  • Military Theory
       • Air University Bibliographies
  • Military History Encyclopedia
       • Index  • Wars, Campaigns, Treaties
       • Battles   • Weapons  • Timeline
  • Educypedia: History  • Warfare
       • WW I  • WW II  • Post-WWII
  • Mil Ops Summaries (Global Security)
  • Army Cntr of Military History
       • Online Bookshelf (by era)
       • Military Research on the Internet
  • Army C&GSC MMAS Theses
  • US Campaigns & Streamers: Army
       • Navy  • Air Force  • Summary
  • US Army Combined Arms Research Library
       • Digital Library (operational documents)
       • Military Review
  • American Military History (book)
  • American Military History (cached)
  • American Military History (chronological)
  • Online American History (textbook)
  • Wars & Conflicts of the US (cached)
  • US War Statistics (casualties)
  •  • Detailed
       • US War Casualties: (DoD S- pdf)  • VA
       • War Casualties (military medicine essay)
  • US OB - 1918-2002 (cached)

  • Military History Online
  • Military History (CFCSC: topic, period, war)
  • The War Times Journal ****
  • Military Affairs (journal)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Military History About.com
  • Battlefield Anomalies
  • History Central: America's Wars
  • History Central: World History
  • eHistory
       • Online books
  • The World at War (portal)
  • Historical Articles (Wargamer-extensive)
  • EyeWitness to History (Narratives)
       • Chronological Index
  • Education World - History
  • 20th Century Wars Links
  • OnWar.com
  • Naval, Aviation & Military History
  • List of Battles  • Naval Battles
  • 15 Decisive Battles (per Creasy)
       • e-book (Creasy, 1851)  • alt  • doc
  • Decisive Battles & Intellectual Fashion (Creasy revisited)
  • in History (21 battles)
  • Top 10 Battles in History
  • Decisive Battles
  • Leaders & Battles Database
  • Weapons & Warfare (Probert Encyclopedia - battles)
  • Order of Battle Portal  • US OB's
  • Total Wars in History (examples)
  • Battlefield Staff Rides (NA & Europe)

  • The Price of Freedom: Americans At War
       • Contents

  • War in the 17th Century

  • War in the 18th Century

  • Wars of the 19th Century
       • 19th Century Armies (Calvert)
       • Timeline of 19th Century Warfare (cached)
       • 19th Century America (TeaherOz portal)

  • Wars of the 20th Century

  • The World At War (Current Wars)

    Additional Resources  
  • National Security Archive (Geo. Washington Univ.)
  • Scholars' Guide to the WWW
  • USMA Department of History
  • AWC Military History Links
  • Combat Studies Institute Papers
  • US Army C&GSC Papers
  • Leavenworth Papers
  • MERLN (Military Library Catalogs)
  • National Archives Search (NAIL)
  • National Archival Databases
  • National Digital Library
       • Online Collections
  • Military History (NPS resources)
       • More
  • Historical Articles (Wargamer Mag)
  • The Classics Archive
  • Life Magazine Covers
  • Universal Library (CMU)
  • Artchive
  • William Lind Archive
  • Web Gallery of Art
  • Air History Videos
  • Imperial War Museum Photos  • DB
  • Photo Sources/Archives
  • Historical Picture Collections
  • Military Info/Pubs Links
  • Military Images (NDU)
  • GlobalSecurity: Military Operations
  • Military History Web Ring Hub
  • Military Book Reviews
  • Spartacus Resources
  • Library of Congress Oral Histories
  • Veterans History Project
  • Military History Reading List
  • Mil History Readings (Army C&GSC)
  • Paperless Archive (documents, fee)
  • Alpelphi Papers (IISS)  • doc

    Miscellaneous Topics
  • Medal of Honor
  • War Correspondents
  • History of US Special Ops
  • U.S. Veteran Statistics
  • Women In War
  • Evolution of the US Uniform
  • What is Khaki?

    Glossaries
  • Military Appreviations
  • Military Jargon
  • Jane's Glossary
  • Operational Code Names
  • Online Books
  • Internet Archive Books
     • Project Gutenberg
       • Scribd  • Historical Texts
       • FullBooks.com
       • UPenn On-Line Books  => Military History
  • Books-On-Line (by subject)
       • USAF Pubs  • Civil War  • Military Science
       • Infantry  • Air Warfare  • Naval Forces
  • Bartleby E-books  • Non-fiction  • Reference

  • A Short History of War  • Images
  • History of American Wars (concise)
  • Oxford History of Modern War (pdf)
  • Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare
  • Canadian Military Heritage (3 vols.)
  • War, Peace & Intern'l Relations (Gray, 2012)
  • Reader's Companion: Military History
       • Reader's Companion Book Index (cached)
       • American History Database Index (cached)
       • Reader's Companion to US History (cached)
  • Oxford Companion to Military History
  • Oxford Companion to US Military History
  • Oxford Companion to World War II
  • Oxford Companion to American History
  • British War Bluebook
  • National Security Archive Briefing Books
  • Mil History of the Western World (Fuller)
  • Guide to Nat Security Policy & Strategy
  • Orchestrating the Instruments of Power
  • eHistory (e-books)
  • American History Texts (internal link)
  • Makers of Modern Strategy (Google book)
  • Encyclopedia of Marxism
  • NetLibrary E-books   • Access URL
       • US Military History, • Vol. 1  • Vol. 2 (20th c)
       • The French Wars, 1792-1815
       • US Military Strategy (thru Civil War)
       • Civil War Firearms

  • Joint Publocations Library (JCS)
  • Jt Military Ops History (JCS, pdf)  • Alt
  • USAF Historical Studies Office Pubs
       • By Title  • By Author
  • USAFA: Harmon Memorical Lectures
  • Air University Press  • e-books (by title)
  • Army CMH: Books Online
       • More  • Collections  • Catalog of Pubs
       • WW II  • More
       • The Staff Ride
       • American Military History, Vol I (CMH, 2005)
          • Vol. II, 1917-2003
       • American Military History (CMH, 1989)
  • Army Combined Arms Research Library
       • CARL Site Map  • CARL Digital Library
       • Combat Studies Institute (CSI) Press
       • CSI Publications   • Staff Rides
  • HYPERWAR: WW II Books & Links ****
  • NDU Press  • Cached (2009)
       • McNair Papers  • Alt
       • Strategic Forum (e-books)
  • Naval History & Heritage Cmd Online ****
       • The Navy (historical overview)
       • NHHC Publications
       • Riverine Warfare: Naval Ops on Inland Waters
  • US Marine Corps History Division Publications
       • Index by War and Year of Publication
  • Marine Corps University Press
       • Marine Corps Historical Publications
  • RAND Publications: National Security
     • International Affairs
  • Historion.net
       • Great Britain and the American Civil War
       • On the Trail of Grant & Lee
  • Europe In Retrospect (19th & 20th c, e-book)
  • History of Warfare (Keegan interview)

  • U.S. Department of Defense Publications
  • USMC Doctrine Publications
  • US Armed Forces Manuals

  • The Art of War, Sun Tzu (text)
  • On War, Clausewitz (text)   • Alt
       • Analysis of translations
       • Clausewitz Condensed

    Online Journals & Magazines
  • E-Journals (Georgia Tech Library)
  • History Magazines (links)
  • Military Magazines (links)
  • Military History Magazines (links)
  • Military History Magazines (indexes)
  • Air Univ Index to Military Periodicals
  • Military Journals
  • Joint Pubs
  • Military-related Libraries
  • Columbia Intrn'l Affairs Online (CIAO)
  • Military Journal Links
  • Military.com
  • Publications in Military & Naval Science
  • AccessMyLibrary (magazine articles)

  • Air Force Journal of Logistics  • Alt
  • Air Force Magazine Archives
       • Wars & Operations Collection
       • Perspectives (articles by topic)
       • Keeper File Archive  • Airpower Classics
  • Air Force Journal of Logistics (index)
  • Airman Magazine  • Archives
  • Air Power History  • More
  • AU Review (index)
  • Air & Space Power Journal (index)
  • Air & Space Magazine (archive)
       • Photos & Video  • Military Aviation
  • All Hands (US Navy)
  • America In WW II (homefront articles)
  • America's Civil War  • Archive
  • American Diplomacy
  • American Heritage Magazine  • Archive
       • Articles on War  • More
  • The American Interest (archive)
  • Armed Forces Journal International
  • Army magazine
  • Army Aviation Digest
  • Army History
  • Army Logistician (archive)
  • The Atlantic  • Flashbacks  • Archive (ProQuest)
  • Aviation History Magazine
  • Civil War Times  • Archive
  • Civil War History Magazine
  • Coast Artillery Journal (1922-1948)
  • Cultural Resource Management Magazine (NPS)
  • Early American Review  • Archive
  • Field Artillery Magazine
  • Flight Journal  • Archive
  • Foreign Affairs magazine
  • Foreign Policy magazine  • Archive
       • National Security blog
  • Headquarters Gazette (Society for Military History)
  • Historian Magazine (title index)
  • Infantry Bugler (archive)
  • Inter'l Journal of Naval History
  • Joint Forces Quarterly (JFQ)
  • Journal of Conflict Resolution
  • Journal of Military History  • Archive
       • JSTOR Archive  • Expanded (GT only)
  • Journal of Strategic Studies (issues list)
  • Legion Magazine (Canadian military)
  • Marine Corps Gazette
  • Military Affairs (journal)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
       • Journal of the Am Mil Institute (JSTOR)
       • Journal of the Am Mil History Fndtn (JSTOR)
  • Military History Magazine  • Archives
  • MHQ (Military History Quarterly)  • Archives
  • Miliary Officer (archives)
  • Military Review
       • All Combined Arms Ctr Pubs
  • Mission: History (Naval Order of the US)
  • National Defense Magazine
  • Naval Aviation News  • WW II articles
  • Naval Institute Magazines
       • Proceedings  • Archive
       • Naval History Magazine
  • Naval War College Review (archive)  • Alt
  • Navy Supply Corps Newsletter
  • The New Republic (archives)
  • Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs
  • Parameters (Army War College)
  • Policy Review (Hoover Institute)
  • Popular Science magazine (1870s-current)
  • Prologue (National Archive magazine)
  • Quartermaster Professional Bulletin
     •   Archive
  • Small Wars Journal
  • Strategic Insights Magazine (Nav Postgrad Sch)
  • Strategic Studies Institute (publications)
  • Strategic Studies Quarterly (Air University)
  • Studies in Intelligence (CIA)
  • Undersea Warfare Magazine
  • Vietnam Magazine  • Archive
  • War in History (journal)  • Archive
  • War Times Journal Portal
  • The Washington Quarterly
  • World War II Magazine  • Archive  • Issues

  • H-Net (essays, reviews)   • Reviews

    Books & Reviews
  • Military History Book Catalog
  • Military History Books (descriptions)
  • Military Book Reviews
  • Parameters Book Reviews

  • Map & Geography Resources
  • World Atlas Online (basic maps, good quality)
  • Internet Map Archive  • Military History
       • Wars, Battles & Revolutions
  • World Historical Atlas  • Another
  • Old Maps Online  • More
  • Animated History Maps * * * *
       • Revolutionary War  • Civil War
       • WW II Europe  • WW II Pacific
  • University of Texas Map Collection
       • Historical Maps  • Military History  • By Country
       • Battlefields & Historic Sites (NPS)  • Alt
  • The Map As History **** (fee but some demos)
       • The War Goes Global: 1941-42
  • WW II Renaissance of Cartography
  • Map of the Week
  • Maps.com
  • HRW World Atlas Online
  • West Point Atlas   • Reliable Alternative
       • Supplemental Material
  • The World Factbook (CIA)
  • World Statesman.org (geography, history, flags)
  • Google Maps   • Google Earth
  • Centennia Online History Atlas
  • World History Encyclopedia (maps)
  • US History Maps (Allyn&Bacon/Longman)****
  • Mil History Maps (Library of Congress)
  • Eurpean History Maps (Temple Univ - excellent!)
  • Military History Maps
  • Historic & Battle Maps (e-History)
  • Historical Atlas of Europe
  • Antique Maps
  • Naval Postgraduate School Maps
       • Military Maps
  • NOAA Historical Maps
  • World Historical Atlas [WHKMLA]
       • Europe 1815-2002  • France  • Prussia
       • Germany 1812-Today  • Italy
       • Vietnam 1470-1975  • Indochina
  • Historical Atlas, 20th Century
  • Historic Maps - B&W
  • NDU Map Resources
  • US Naval History Maps (cached)
  • Civil War Electronic Maps
  • Library of Congress Maps Online
  • Battle Maps: WW I, WW II & Falklands
  • WW II Map Resources  • More  • More
       • WW II: Europe (USMA)
       • WW II: Asia/Pacific (USMA)
  • Vietnam War Maps (1:50K)  • Search
         (Use Arabic vice Roman numerals for map sheets)
       • USGS L7014 1:50K Map Index Graphic
       • Vietnam War (USMA)
  • Additional Map Resources
  • CIAO Atlas (outline maps)
  • Historic Overhead Imagery (FAS)
  • TerraServer (overhead imagery)

  • A Dictionary of Geography
  • Five Maps to Define Global Problems
  • Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor

    Cartography
  • History of Cartography  • Resources
  • Why North Is At the Top of Maps
  • Military Geography for the Professional  • Alt  • Alt
  • Map Symbol System (FM 101-5-1, detailed)
       • Combat Arms
  • Basic Map Symbols  • Alt  • Alt
  • WW I Map Symbols
  • Map Symbol Fonts (PC)  • More
       • Equipment Fonts

  • Blank World Maps (different periods)

  • Flags of the World

    Timelines
  • Timeline Portal (Timelines.com)
  • Timelines (e-History)
  • Themed Timelines (Wikipedia)  • More
  • List of Human Time Periods
  • Conflict & War Timelines (interactive)  • More
  • Timeline of Major Wars in History
  • Mil History Timeline (1800-2000 - OnWar.com)
       • National Military History: A-D  • E-K  • L-R  • S-Z
       • France  • Germany  • Great Britain (UK)  • USA
  • Timelines of American Wars **** (detailed)  • Another
  • US Military Timeline (interactive)
  • Mil History Timeline (300 BC- 1999 AD)
  • List of Wars (Wikipedia)
       • Pike & Shot Era (to 1801)
       • Age of Rifles (19th century)
       • World War Era (20th century)
  • Military History Timeline (Rickard)
  • Chronology of Military Events
  • WarData.net
  • US Military Timeline (interactive)
  • Presidential Timeline of the 20th Century
  • Early Gunpowder Weapons

  • War Casualties Through the Ages
  • Casualties in Major 20th C Conflicts
  • Mortality in American Wars
  • Dead & Wounded in US Wars
       • More (Congressional Research Service, pdf)

    Quotations & Maxims  
  • Notable Quotes (by subject & author w sources)
  • Bartlett's Quotations
  • Quotations By Category
  • The Quotations Page
  • GIGA Quotations
  • Wikiquotes
  • Famous-Quote.net
  • The Lessons of History  • More
  • American Rhetoric (speeches - audio)
       • Top 100 Speeches  • By Decade
  • Military Quotations  • Menu  • More
       • War Quotations  • Artillery Quotations
       • USMC Quotations & Lore
  • Quotations on Leadership
  • Quotations on War (Wikiquotes)
       • Famous-Quote.net (gives source)
       • Giga-USA.com (by topic)  • More
       • Some Worthwhile Quites  • Pt. 2
       • Bellum site  • More (by author)
       • More  • More  • More  • More  • More
       • Antiwar.com  • All the Best Quotes
       • War: Why bother?
  • Words on War: Military Quotations (e-book)
  • War & Peace Quotes  • More  • More
  • Quotes on War, Violence & Power
  • War: What is It Good For?
  • Military Maxima (bibliography)
  • Pearls From War (humorous)  • More
       • More  • More
  • Quotations About Marines
  • Military Poems
  • Quotations on History (Famous-Quote.net)
       • Giga-USA.com (by topic)  • Wikiquote
       • More  • More  • More  • More
  • Quotations by Historians
  • Quotations on the Past
  • Psychological Warfare Quotations
  • Quotations on War, Peace & Politics
  • Quotations on Military Logistics
  • Quotations on War & Urban Ops
  • Quotations on Technology

  • Quotations of the Founding Fathers
  • Jefferson on Politics & Government
       • Foreign Relations  • The Rights of Nations
       • Peace & War  • Unavoidable Wars
       • A Republic At War  • Military & Militia
  • Favorite Jefferson Quotations
  • Jefferson: Notes on the State of VIrginia (1787)
  • James Madison Quotations
  • Lincoln on the real threat to America
  • Maxims & Quotes of Napoleon  • Top 10
       • The Words of Napoleon and Others on War
       • Military Maxims  • Alt  • More
       • Quotations Page  • More
       • Wikipedia (some w/ sources)    • Bellum
  • Antoine de Saint-Exupery  • More
  • Clausewitz  • More  • More  • More
  • Quotations of Sun Tzu  • More  • More
       • On The Art of War  • More
       • "All Warfare Is Based On Deception" (Sun Tzu)
  • Samurai Quotations
  • Theodore Roosevelt Quotations  • More  • More
       • "Man in the Arena" & full speech
  • Quotations From WW II
  • Winston Churchill (Wikiquote)
       • More  • More  • More  • More
       • The Churchill Centre  • Quotes
          • Finest Hour Online (e-mag)
       • Churchill's Major Speeches (lifetime)
       • Churchill Myths
       • Churchill Resources (LOC)  • More
       • Wartime Speeches
         • "Their Finest Hour" (18 Jun 1940)
         • "The Few" (20 Aug 1940)
       • The British Bulldog (e-book, bio)  • pdf
       • Iron Curtain Speech (5 Mar 1946)  • Alt
          • Text, Audio, Video  • Short Clip
  • Eisenhower Quotations (Wikiquote)  • More
  • MacArthur Quotations (Wikiquote)
  • MacArthur's Farewell (Congress, April 19, 1951)
  • MacArthur's Farewell ( West Point, 12 May 62)  • Text
  • Sir Edmund Burke
  • Sir Basil Henry Liddel-Hart
  • George Santayana
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • George Patton  • More
  • Adolph Hitler
  • Neocon Quotations
  • Opinions & Thoughts on Airpower
  • Engineering Quotes
  • Murphy's Laws of War

    Historic Documents
  • Documents of US History
  • American Historical Documents, 1000=1904 (Bartleby)
  • Military History Documents
  • World History Archives
  • Historical Monographs (Columbia)
  • History Documents (Army War College)
  • Law, History & Diplomacy (Avalon Project)

  • The Characteristics of War
  • Definitions:• War  • Alt
       • Total War  • Strategy
       • Military Science vs. Military Art
  • History of War (Wikipedia)
  • Military History (Wikipedia)
  • Nature of War (Oxford Companion, US Mil History)
  • Nature of War (von Molke the Elder)
  • Marine Corps Doctrine Publications
  • Warfighting (USMC, 1989 - pdf)
  • Warfighting (MCPD 1, 1997)  • pdf  • Alt
       • The Nature of War
       • The Theory of War
  • Commentary on Warfighting (2005 - pdf)
  • Concise Theory of Combat (Naval PGS)
  • The Long-Range Analysis of War
  • An Overview of Military Conflict
  • Causes of War
       • Conditions Influencing Liklihood of War (JSTOR)
  • Case Studies: War & Resources
  • Military Strategy & the Outbreak of War (empherical)
  • Legal Analysis of Changes in War
  • The State and War (Libertarian view)
  • War: Normal State or Exception?
  • Declaration of War  • More
  • Issues on US War Delaration
       • History of US Declarations of War
  • Just War Theory
  • Western Way of War
  • Foundations of the Science of War
          (JFC Fuler, e-book)
      • pdf
  • War Quotes  • More
  • Naming the World Wars
  • On the Use of Force (articles, AF Mag)
  • The Need to Define Victory
  • Military-Industrial Complex: What Ike Said
  • Military-Industrial Complex Myth (AF Mag)
       • Commentary on Ike's Speech
  • Myth of Preemptive War (1995)
  • Effects Based Operations (AF Mag)
  • Beware of Boldness (Crane, 2006)  • Comment

  • USAF CADRE Essays
       • Characteristics of War
       • Three Levels of War
       • War: An Instrumrnt of Policy
       • Principles of War

    Instruments/Elements of Power
  • Instruments of National Power (US DoD)
  • Elements of National Power (bibliography, NDU)
       • Bibliography (Army War College)
  • Orchestrating the Instruments of Power
       • Instruments of National Power
  • IOP in the Long War (case study)

        Diplomacy
  • Milestones in US Diplomatiac History (DoS)
       • Timeline
  • Foreign Relations of the United States (series)
  • International Relations  • More (Wikipedia)
  • Encyclopedia of Am Foreign Policy  • Alt
       • US Naval Diplomacy
  • Foreign Policy Issue Papers (historic)
  • US Treaties in Force
  • Documents on Diplomacy (Avalon Project)
  • The U.S. & Neutrality  • Neutrality Acts (1930's)
  • Coalitions & Alliances in US History
  • US Foreign Relations to 1913 (Google book)
  • US Foreign Policy Since 1897 (Google book)
  • US Approach to Foreign Affairs (Whitcomb - e-book)
  • Monroe Doctrine (1823)
  • Treaty of Kanagawa (Japan, 1854)
       • Background  • More  • More

  • The Inevitabilty of Foreign Entanglements
  • American Approach to Foreign Policy

        Information
  • Information As An Element of National Power
  • Information as Power (portal)
  • Information/Ideology in War on Terror
  • What is Propaganda?  • More  • History
  • Propaganda in War (internal link)
  • "Books are Weapons in the war of ideas" (FDR: poster)
  • US Strategic Communication  • Definitions
  • US Nat Strategy: Public Diplomacy & Strat Comm
  • DoD Drops "Strategic Communication" Term (Dec 12)
  • US Public Diplomacy & Strat Comm After 9/11

        Miliary
  • Military Power as Instrument of Policy in 21st C
  • Comprehensive National Power (concept)
       • Calculation

        Economic
  • Economic Element of National Power
  • America's Economic War of War (excerpt)
  • Economics: EOP or Vulnerability? (p 157)  • PDF
  • Economic Warfare
  • Economic Wargame
  • Economic Warfare Against Japan 1940-41
  • Sanctions As Instruments of Power (2014)


    Levels of War  
  • Levels of War (Oxford Comp to US Mil History)
       • FM 3-0 (w/ Levels of War diagram)
       • Strategic Level of War (definition)
       • Operational Level of War (definition)
       • Tactical Level of War (definition)
  • Four Levels of War (The Air Campaign - Warden)
  • Three Levels of War (USAF CADRE, pdf)
  • Strategy & the Operational Level of War (pdf)
       • Part II (pdf)
  • Operational Level of War (JSTOR)

  • List of Military Operatons  • WW II Operations

    Politics of War
  • US Code Title 10: Armed Forces  • Alt
  • US Code Title 50: War & National Defense  • Alt
  • Evolution of US Political Parties
  • The Constitution Society
       • Constitutional Defense
  • The American Presidency Project
       • State of the Union Messages
          • Wilson (December 5, 1916)
          • Wilson (December 4, 1917)
          • FDR (January 6, 1942)
       • Nixon on War in Vietnam (November 3, 1969)
       • Executive Orders
  • Presidential Doctrines
  • Presidential Greatness & Warmaking
  • Intelligence and the American Presidency
  • Presidential Timeline of the 20th Century
  • Presidential Power to Go to War (Feb 07)
  • US Presidential Speeches
  • Foreign Policy Research Institute Articles
  • Center for Strategic & International Studies (CISS)
  • Top 10 Presidential Errors (2006)
  • Editorial Cartoons in History  • Lesson Plans
       • War in American Political Cartoons (pdf)
  • CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates

  • Departmental Reorganization Act of 1918
  • War Powers Act of 1941

  • What Happened to Declarations of War?

  • War Powers Resolution (1973)
  • War Powers Resolution After Thrity Years
  • Use of US Armed Forces Abroad (1798-2010)

    Principles of War
  • Principles of War (Mil History Companion)
  • Principles of War (CADRE, pdf)  • Online lesson
  • Air Univeristy Resources
  • Principles of War (USAF CADRE - pdf)
  • Principles of War (Clauseweitz)
  • Principles of War (FM 3-0)  • Alt
  • Principles of War (Hackworth)
  • Principles of War (AWC links)
  • Nine Principles of War (list)
  • Flexibility: 10th Principle  • pdf
  • History of Principles of War  • Alt
  • Flexibility as the 10th US Principle
  • Principles of War (Clausewitz)
  • Principles of War (Japanese)  • pdf
  • Strategic Principles of War, 21st C
  • Info-based RMA & Principles of War

  • Total War
  • Total War (Oxfiord Comp to Mil History, 2nd def)
       • Wikipedia  • Britannica  • Definition
       • Strategy in the Age of total War
  • Examples of Total War (149 BC - 1945 AD)
  • Anticipating Total War: German & US Experience
       • Review (JSTOR)
  • US Origins of Total War 1860-1880 (Janda, 1995)
  • The First Total War: Napoleonic Wars
  • Total War in the US Civil War (internal link)
  • Total War in South vs. Frontier (Grimsley)
  • US Civil War & German Wars of Unification
  • Was the Civil War a Total War? (Neely)  • Alt
  • Franco-Prussian War: Step Toward Total War
  • "Total War I: The Great War" (Bourne)
  • The Western Front & the Birth of Total War (BBC)
  • Patterns of War Since the 18th Century (e-book)
  • Power, Technology & Total War (French views)
  • The Conduct of War, 1789-1961 (Fuller)
       • Review (JSTOR)  • More  • More  • More  • More
  • The Age of Total War, 1860-1945 (e-book)
  • Great War, Total War ... 1914-18 (German view)
  • A World at Total War ... 1937-45 (German view)
  • WW II as Total War (European Home Fronts)
  • Lethality & Casualty Trends
       • Weapon Lethality & Dispersion (graphic)
  • Why No More Decisive Battles

  • Road to Total War (WW II bombing)
  • Air Power and the Logic of Mass Destruction
  • Strategic Bombing in WW II

    Low Intensity Conflict
  • USMC Small Wars Portal
       • Definition & Small War List  • Past Small Wars
       • History
  • The Small Wars Manual (USMC, 1940)
  • Why the Strong Lose (Parameter, 2005)

    Irregular War
  • Insurgency  • Counterinsurgency
  • Counterinsurgency Portal (Air War College)
  • Small Wars Journal
  • Invisible Armies (CFR, module)
  • Theory & Practice of Insurgency & COIN (B Fall)
  • Counterinsurgency Scorecard (1981-2011, RAND)
       • Case Studies: 1978-2008 (RAND)
  • Fighting Insurgencies (Foreign Affairs, 2009)
  • A future for Counterinsurgency? (2007)
  • End of Counterinsurgency? (Startfor, Jun 12)
  • US Interagency Counterinsurgency Initiative
  • Guerrilla Warfare
  • Origins of Guerrilla Doctrine (1982)
  • US Army & Irregular Warfare (e-book)
  • Counterinsurgency Ops (JP 3-24, Oct 09 - pdf)
       • Discussion (Dec 06) ; • More (w link to FM3-24)
  • Urban Operations (JP 3-06, Nov 09 - pdf)
  • Cultural Barriers to COIN (Jeffrey Record, 2006)
  • Role of Airpower in Counterinsurgency
  • Airpower in French Colonial Wars
       • Portuguese Wars
  • Evolution of US COIN Doctrine (Crane, 2006)  • pdf
  • Irregular Warfare Conference (Oct 06 - slides)
  • Long Small War: Indigenous Forces for COIN
  • COIN Warfare: Theory & Practice (Galula 1964)
       • Review
  • Savage Wars of Peace (book review, 2003)
  • Fighting a Global COIN (Donnelly & Serchuk, 2003)
  • Patterns of Insurgency & COIN (Lynn, 2005)
  • Best Practices in COIN (Mil Review, 2005)
  • Principles, Imperatives & Paradoxes of COIN (Mil Review, 2006)
  • Learning COIN: Observations From Iraq (Mil Review, 2006)
  • Lsns From a Successful COIN (Philippines, 1899-1902)
  • COIN in Iraq: Lessons From Philippine War
  • Lessons from the Philippine War
  • Managing COIN; Lessons From Malaya (Mil Review, 2007)  • Alt
  • Phase IV Ops: Where Wars Are Won (Crane, 2005)
  • Military Writings of Mao Tse-tung
       • On Protracted War  • Alt
       • Strategy in Revolutionary War
  • Guerrilla Tactics in Vietnam
  • Civic Action: USMC Experience in Vietnam
  • Why Great Powers Fight Small Wars So Badly
  • Vietnam ('60s) vs. Afghanistan ('80s) (video)
       • 2  • 3  • 4  • 5
  • Counterinsurgency Reader (Army Combined Arms Ctr-2006)
       • Counterinsurgency Reader II (2008)
       • Essential Readings
  • Commander's COIN Guidance-Iraq (Patraeus-Fall 08-pdf)
  • Conterinsuregency in Iraq & Afghanistan (2012)
  • Doctrine, Guerrilla Warfare & Counterinsurgency

    Lessons of History
  • Why Study War (Hansen)
  • Quotations: Lessons of History  • More
  • Lessons of History (Harold James, pdf)  • Alt
  • Lessons of History (Wm Urban)
  • The Lessons of History (Michael Howard, 1982)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Why Don't We Learn From History? (Liddell Hart)
       • The Significance of Military History
  • How Do We Learn From History? (AHA)
  • History as a Way of Learning
  • Lessons Learned (video summaries, CFR)
  • Foreign Policy Lessons From History
  • Lessons of the Roman Empire for America
  • British Experience in Iraq (1917)
  • Lessons from the Thirties (JSTOR)
  • D-Day and the Lessons of History
  • Lessons of History for Invaders
  • Defining the Lessons of History
  • On History (Peter Landry)
  • The Lessons of History (Durant & Durant)
  • North Korea & The Lessons of History
  • Edmund Burke on the Lessons of History
  • Reflections on the Lessons of History
  • Four Lessons of History (Charles A. Beard)  • Alt
  • The Cultural Approach to the History of War
  • The Past As Prologue (Williamson Murray:
          The Importance of History to the Military Profession)


    Lessons Learned From War
  • Civil War: Decline of the Decisive Battle  • pdf
  • Why the North Won the Civil War  • More
  • Lessons Learned By Europe (JSTOR)
  • Lessons from the Philippine War    • More
  • Lessons of Russo-Japanese War
  • Lessons of he Forgotten War (Haig on Korea)
  • Lessons From History: Vietnam & Iraq
  • Iraq War: Will We Learn From History?
  • Lessons Learned: Modern Urban Combat (FM 3-06.11)

  • Nothing Less Than Victory (Lewis, Google book)
  • Profiles in Audacity: Great Decisions (Google book)
  • American's Changing Self-Perceptions

  • McNamara's 11 Lessons from Vietnam
       • Fog of War (Google videos download)

  • Never Fight A Land War In Asia (Stratfor, Mar 11)
       • MacArthur  • More
       • Viscount Bernard Montgomery  • More
       • SecDef Robert Gates (Feb 2011)

  • Army Center for Lessons Learned (report index)

    Operational Planning
  • Commander's Intent & Concept of Ops
  • Comunicating Intent & Imparting Presence
  • Commander's Intent (definition)  • More

  • American Way of War
  • U.S. Army Campaigns  • Streamers
  • Wars & Conflicts of the US Navy (list & streamers)
  • The American Military System (CMH)
       • The American Army, 1775-1917
  • US Global Defense Posture, 1783-2011 (RAND)
       • Key Findings  • Recommendations
  • The Duality of the American Military Tradition
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • History of the National Guard
  • American Way of War (Oxford Com to Mil Hist)
  • Foundations of the American Army (CMH)
       • The Question of a Peacetime Army
       • Civilian Control  • The Militia
  • The Army and the Nation (FM 7-21.13)
  • American Military Experience (Shy, 1971)
  • America's Distinctive Way of War (WSJ, 2011)
  • Early American Way of War (Higginbotham, 1987)
  • Early American Ways of War 1600-1815
  • War Making on the Frontier (1607-1814)
  • Washington & Tradition of Civilian Control
       • Newburgh Conspiracy (1783)
  • Jefferson & Hamilton on Standing Armies
  • Jefferson on a Standing Military
  • Jefferson & US Maritime Defense Policy
  • Jefferson on the Need For a Navy
  • Jefferson's Gunboat Navy
  • Establishment of US Military Academy (1802)
  • American War Casualties (CRS)

        Constitutional Roots
  • Constitution of the United States of America
       • Background  • Transcript
  • Lincoln on the real threat to America  • Full
  • Constitution Basis: Military & War Powers
       • War Powers Clause
       • "The Law of Nations" Clause  • Background
  • War Powers Act of 1941
  • War Powers Resolution of 1973  • Compliance
  • War Powers and the Supreme Court
  • US Code Title 10: Armed Forces  • Alt
       • 10 USC: Organization & General Military Powers
  • US Code Title 50: War & National Defense
  • The Federalist Papers (complete texts)
  • US National Guard (history & laws)
  • What is a Standing Army?
  • Quotations on Standing Armies  • On Militia
       • 2nd Amendment & Standing Armies
  • Militia and the Standing Army
  • State Militias & the US (AF Law Review)
  • Milita, Standing Armies & 2nd Amendment
  • Debate on a Standing Army (1798-1800)
  • Militia Act of 1792  • Text  • Alt
  • Militia Act of 1903 (Dick Act)
       • United States National Guard
  • Current Milita Legislation (Title 10 U.S.C. 311)
  • For Standing Armies (Clausewitz On War, Ch. 5)
       • Adam Smith (Wealth of Nations, CH. 1)
  • Against Standing Armies (Thomas Jefferson)
       • Jefferson's Call for Universal Service
       • James Madison quoations  • More
       • Jacob G. Hornberger
       • "It Takes A Militia" (review, Gart Hart book, 1999)
          • More Reviews
  • Madison: Raising An Army, 1812 (lesson plan)

        Second Amendment Issues
  • Origin & Meaning of Right to Bear Arms
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • U.S. v. Miller (Text: intent of 2nd Amendment, 1939)
       • Discussion
  • Commentary: Original Intent of 2nd Amendment
       • More Commentary  • Historic Roots
  • Commas in the Second Amendment
       • English Professor Anaylzes 2nd Amendment
  • Quotations on 2nd Amendment  • More
  • Five Words to Fix 2nd Amendment (Justice Stevens, 2014)

  • America's First Battles (chronology)  • More
  • The American Citizen-Soldier, 1775-1861
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Citizen-Soldiers or Regulars: Views on Military Establishment 1775-1781
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Reorganizing the Army (post-Span-Am War)

  • American Isolationism & Expansionism (JSTOR)
  • US Non-Intervention

        American Way of War Today
  • Eagle' Talons: American Experience at War
  • Grand Strategy & US Foreign Policy (2012)
  • New American Way of War (Jeff Record, 2002)
  • American Way of War and Peace in Comparative Perspective (Wilson & Lyall)  • pdf
  • Top 100 Rules: New American Way of War
  • American Way of War (Cebrowski '03)
  • Council of War (history of JCS)
  • Technological War: Reality & American Myth
  • War at the Millennium (internal link)
  • The Wars of America (syllabus, Rutgers)
  • Airpower: American Way of War (Atlantic '02)
  • New American Way of War (Foreign Affairs, 03)
  • American Way of War or Way of Battle? (04)
  • Toward An American Way of War (04)  • pdf
  • Primer: Paradox of American Way of War
  • Paradox of "New American Way of War" (04)
  • Why America Fails to Win the Peace (2006)
  • History of US War Powers (Mil Law Review, 93)
  • War Powers '73 & Congressional Inaction
  • What Happened to Declarations of War?
  • Who Takes Us to War? (Krauthammer, Jun 11)
  • The American Way of War Revisited (Linn '02)
  • Trends in American Major War & Peace ('83)
  • National Style in Strategy (Colin Gray)
  • Perpetual War For Perpetual Peace (Ebscohost)
       • Review  • Review
  • War is a Racket (e-book)
       • Smedley Butler  • Background on book
  • Eisenhower: Military-Industrial Complex
  • Weinberger Doctrine (internal link)
  • How American Regrads Its Warriors
  • Why We Serve (Colin Powell, 6 Nov 11)
  • American Way of War: Post-Cold War
  • Austerity and the End of American Intervention

  • U.S. Flag Officers (numbers & rules)
  • US Army Commanding Generals and CoSs

  • Grand Strategy
  • Grand Strategy  • More (D R Worley)
  • Grand Strategy (AU portal)
       • Council on Foreign Relations portal
  • Making 21st Century Strategy (Drew & Snow, 2006)
  • The Shaping of Grand Strategy (review)
  • Problems & Pitfalls of Grand Strategy (SSI)
  • Why Grand Strategy is Tough
  • The Myth of Grand Strategy  • Alt
  • Defining & Teaching Grand Strategy

    U.S. Grand Strategy & Foreign Policy
  • US Foreign Policy From Founders' Perspective (Stratfor, Oct 13)
  • Surprise, Security & American Experience
  • Grand Strategy & US Foreign Policy (cases)
       • Global Leadership or Retrenchment?
          • Discussion
       • Preventive Defense (excerpt)  • Project
  • Nine Grand Strategies in US History
  • Grand Strategy for America (book review)
  • Five Pillars of American Grand Strategy
  • 8 Myths about American Grand Strategy
  • Grand Strategy vs. Military Strategy
  • Grand Strategy and International Law
  • National Interest (definition)
  • Military Power & National Interests
  • National Interest and Strategy (2002)
       • Rebuttal (2003)
  • Key Strategic Issues (Army War College, 2011)
  • US Grand Strategy in a Changing World
  • Instruments of National Power (internal)

    Strategy  • Bibliography (Air University)
  • Strategy (Oxford Companion to Mil History)
       • Oxford Companion to US Mil History
  • Strategy (Britannica)
  • Quotations on Strategy Definitions
  • Quotations on Strategy  • More
  • Quotations from Books on Strategy
       • Strategy (B H Liddell Hart)
  • Definitions of Strategy (corporate)
  • 33 Strategies of War (Google book)
  • Concepts of Strategy
  • Strategy: Theory (RCMH)  • Practice
  • Makers of Modern Strategy (Paret, Google book)
  • Teaching Strategy for 21st Century
  • Why Strategy Is Difficult (Colin Gray)
  • National Values => Mil Strategy
  • Military Strategy (Wikipedia)  • Definition
       • Oxford Comapnion US Mil History (fundamentals)
  • Military Strategy: Historical Perspectives
  • Fabian Strategy (Wikipedia)
  • Strategy & Policy Course (USMC CCE)
  • Policy and War (case study, NWCs)
  • Theory & Strategy Resources (AU)
       • Essays on Strategic Art
  • Military History pre-20th Century
  • Geopolitics, Geography & Strategy (Gray)
  • Land Strategy: Past, Present, Future  • pdf
  • Strategic Questions w/o Answers (pdf)
       • Summary (Find: Crowl)
  • Toward a Theory of Strategy
  • Process of Strategy Making (NWC)
  • Environment of Strategy Making (NWC)
  • Case Studies: Strategy & Theory (NWC)
         • American Revolution  • f ic Era
         • WW I  • WW II  • Chinese Civil War & Korea
         • Vietnam  • Gulf Wars
         • Terrorism: Strategies & Policy
         • Global War on Terrorism
  • Weinberger Doctrine  • Synopsis (AF Mag)
       • Speech: "The Uses of Military Power" (Nov 84)
       • Decision to Fight in Gulf War (AF Mag)
       • "The Use of Force" (application of Weinberger)
  • Origins of Weinberger Doctrine, 1980-84
  • Reagan: Reassessing Weinberger (c 2011)
  • Weinberger v. Weinberger-Powell (04)  • Alt
  • Iraq: Return to Weinberger? (Jeff Record, 07)
  • We Ignore Weinberger At Our Peril (2001)
  • Powell Doctrine
  • Give War A Chance (pol-mil divergence)
  • Mil Power in Pursuit of National Interests
  • The World At War (FAS)
  • Major Theater War (FAS)
  • Military Strategy bibliography (lonked)
  • US Military Strategy (ICAF)
  • American Way of Victory
  • USMC CCE Courses
       • Theory and Nature of War
       • Strategy & Policy
       • Operational Level of War
       • Ops Other Than War (case studies)
  • Coercive Military Strategy (1998)
  • Air Power As a Coercive Instrument (1999)
  • Surprise Attack (Google book)
       • Strat Military Surprise: Incentives Opportunities
  • Preemptive & Preventive War Doctrine
  • Military Strategy & Tactics (overvirew)
  • Military Planning (e-books)
  • Harry Summers on Strategic Thinking
       • Video of Interview
  • Strategy in the Age of Nuclear Weapons

  • Geopolitics  • Geostrategy
  • Intoduction to Geopolitics (defnition)
  • The Geopolitics Reader (e-book)
  • Geostrategy  • Geopolitics v Geostrategy
       • European Geostrategy  • Geostrategic Maps
  • Heartland Theory ("Geographical Pivot of History")
       • Halford Mackinder
       • Impact  • Historical Tests  • Mitteleuropa
  • "The Geographical Pivot of History" (Mackinder)
       • Background  • More
  • The Sea Power Theorists
  • The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
       • E-book    • Alfred Thayer Mahan bio
  • Geopolitics of the U.S. (Stratfor, Aug 11)  • Pt 2
  • US Naval Dominance & Importance of Oceans
  • Geopolitical Country Profiles (Stratfor)
       • Video Clips
  • Geopolitics, Nationalism & Dual Citizenship
  • Geopolitics & Geoeconomics
  • Geopolitics in Eurasia (video slides)  • Source
  • Geopolitics, Geography & Strategy (Gray)
  • Revenge of Geography (Google book)
       • Outline    • Kaplan Preview Article (2009)
       • Overview (Strafor)  • Review (NY Times)
       • Influence of Geography on Int'l Relations
  • Strategic Geography & Middle East
  • Military Geography for the Professional
       • Alt  • Alt  • Choke Points
  • Russia's Geographic Challenge (video)
       • Russia's Arctic Ambitions (Stratfor video)
  • State of the World: A Framework (Stratfor)
  • The Next 100 Years (Friedman)  • Overview
       • Preview  • Excerpts  • Video discussion  • Pt. 2
       • Review
  • Geopolitical Weekly (essays)
  • Geography & War in European Borderlands
  • The Next Decade (Friedman, preview)
       • Synopsis  • Video Discussion
       • Review  • Review  • Review  • Review

  • The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (analysis)
       • Excerpt: Ch.7 - The Offshore Balancers
       • Review  • Review  • Review  • Review
       • Video discussion w/ Mearsheimer (C-Span, Feb02)
  • Strategy: Bridging Policy & Ops (2001)

    Operational Art
  • Historical Perspectives of Op. Art (CMH)
  • Operational Art (AirU links)  • More (NWC)
  • Roots of US Operational Art  • pdf
  • Operational Level of War (USMC CDC)
  • Operational Level of War (bibliography)
  • Essense of Operational Warfare  • pdf
  • Maneuver Warfare: Napoleon to Now
  • Operational Warfare Briefing (JCS)
  • Historical Perspectives of Op Art (CMH, e-book)
  • Major Theater War Phases
  • Blitzkrieg to Desert Storm: Evolution of Op War
  • "Home By Christmas:" Realistic Campaign Planning

    Tactics
  • Tactics (Oxford Comp to Mil History)  • More
       • Tactics: Fundamentals
          • Land Warfare  • Naval Warfare
  • Weapons & Tactics Through History
  • Tactics 101 (Armchair General - archive)
       • Into to Tactics  • Mission Analysis  • Decisive Point
  • Military Geography (NDU e-book)
  • Terrain Considerations
  • Military Strategy & Tactics (basics)
  • The Three Basic Elements of Combat
  • Military Tactics (list & links)  • Alt
  • Intro to the Art & Science of Tactics
       • Mission Analysis  • Decisive Point  • Purpose
  • Generations of Warfare
  • Linear Warfare (lFirst Generation)
       • Fortenoy 1745 (image)  • Another ("facing off")
          • Panaramic view  • Another
          • Irish Brigade (w France) vs. British Guards
          • Game OB & Map  • Period Map
  • History of Drill
       • Maurice of Nassau (drill innovator)
  • Role of NCO in Drill & Tactics
  • The Bayonet & Linear Warfare
  • 18th c Infantry Tactics
  • 18th C Infantry Tactics (American Rev)
  • Linear War (technical)
  • Infantry Tactics (17th c to mid-19th c)
       • The Musket  • Infantry Evolution  • Formations
       • Evolution of Drill  • Prussian Infantry Drill
       • Artillery Technology & Tactics
       • Evolution of Cavalry
  • Tactics 1690-1739  • 1740-1763  • 1775-1783
       • 1792-1803  • 1803-14  • 1861-65
  • Tactics - Napoleon to Civil War
       • Army Organization - Mid-18th c
  • Tactics (USMC MCDP 1-3, 1997)  • Alt  • pdf
  • 20th Century Tactics, Doctrine & Org
  • Linear Warfare to Swarming (ppt)
  • Clausewitz and Non-linear War (Oct 2003)
  • Fourth Generation of War (Lind)
       • The Canon (Original "Fourth Gen" article)
         • Part 2  • Part 3
  • Five Generations of Warfare
  • FM 3-06 Urban Operations  • Alt

    Napoleonic War Tactics (internal link)
    US Civil War Tactics (internal link)
  • Wargame Rules (portal)

  • Friendly Fire
  • Amicicide: Problems of Friendly Fire
  • Friendly Fire Incidents: WW II

  • Theory of War  
  • Military Theory & Grand Strategy (AU portal)
  • Roots of Strategy (GoogleBook)  • Napoleon
  • Makers of Modern Strategy (Google book)
  • War Theorists (US Mil History Companion)
  • Theory of War Portal (Bellum)  • Cached Alt
       • Air War College
  • Theory & Nature of War (USMC CCE)
  • Theory of War (USMC MCDP 1 - 1997)
  • Sun Tzu: Art of War (e-book)  • Text
       • Portal  • Blog
  • Machiavelli: Art of War  • Alt  • Text
  • Carl von Clausewitz (scroll to Oxford Companion)
  • Clausewitz for Beginners (essay)
  • Clausewitz Homepage
       • On War (Graham translation, 1873)  • Alt
       • Other on-line versions  • Other translations
       • Review of On War  • Search
       • Index  • Other Indexes
  • Clauseewitz and His Impact on Strategy
  • Clausewitz Bibliography
  • Clausewitzian Trinity  • Teaching Note
  • Clausewitzian Trinity in WW II & Vietnam
  • Clausewitz: A Bibliographical Survey
  • Reception of Clausewitz in Britain & US
  • Toward a Theory of Applied Strategy
  • Clausewitz: Military Center of Gravity
  • Center of Gravity: Still Relevant  • pdf
  • Misreading Clausewitz (re: WW I)
  • Clausewitz: Ltrs on Strategy  • pdf
  • Readings on Clausewitz
       • On War and the Apocalypse (2009)
  • Value of Studying Clausewitz
  • Keegan & Trashing of Clausewitz
  • Causewitz: Passion for War (review article)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Summary of Clausewitz (Boyd)
       • Critique
  • Jack Welch on Clausewitz
  • Decisive Battle: Cannae (von Schlieffen, e-book)  • Alt
       • The Battle of Cannae (Wikipedia)
  • Antoine-Henri de Jomini (Mil History Companion)
  • The Art of War (Jomini, 1862 ed)  • Alt (discussion)
       • Table of Contents  • Article Summaries
       • Excerpts
       • Present Theory of War and Its Utility  • Alt  • pdf
       • On Certain Types of War
       • On Military Institutions
       • On Strategic Lines and Points  • Alt  • Alt
       • On Modern Maritime Expeditions
  • Comments on Jomini  • 2  • 3  • 4
  • Clausewitz-Jomini Interaction
       • Fundamental Differences
  • Clausewitz, Jomini & Mil Strategy
  • Clausewitz, Jomini & American Civil War
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • du Picq: Battle Studies (c 1868)
  • Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung
  • Military Writings of Mao Tse-tung
       • On Protracted War
       • Strategy in Revolutionary War
  • Theory & Nature of War (USMC CSC)
  • Basil Liddell Hart (1895-1970)  • More
       • Papers of B H Liddell Hart
  • J. F. C. Fuller (1868-1966)
  • Foundations of the Science of War (Fuller, 1926)
       • Original Document (pdf)
  • Generaliship: It's Diseases and Their Cure (Fuller, 1936)
  • British Military Thought: Fuller & Liddel Hart
  • The Sea Power Theorists
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan  • More  • Bio
  • Mahan on US Naval Expansion (1902)
       • Influence of Sea Power ... (e-book)  • Alt
       • Ch. 1 - Discussion: Elements of Seapower
       • Synopsis    • Impact
  • Sea Power & Other Studies (Bridge, 1899)
  • Britain's Career on Center Stage
  • Air Marshall Giulio Douhet  • AF Mag bio
       • The Command of the Air (1921)  • Review
       • Douhet's Influence Revisited
  • Hap Arnold: Principles of Air Power
  • Tedder: Principles of Air Warfare
  • John Boyd: Impact on Strategic Thinking
       • Biography  • Wikipedia
       • John Boyd Bibliography (AU)
       • Destruction & Creation (theory-1976)  • HTML
       • Patterns of Conflict (1986, PPT)  • Alt
       • Boyd & Military Strategy (portal)
       • How John Boyd Beat the Generals
       • John Boyd and American Security (review)
       • Impact on the US Marine Corps
       • Birth of the OODA Loop
       • Boyd: Architect of Modern War (GT Alum Mag)
       • "Boydmania" (the other side of the story)
       • Forty-Second Boyd and the Big Picture
       • The Fighter Pilot Who Changed Air Warfare
  • Herman Kahn
       • On Thermonuclear War  • E-book
       • Kahn's Escalation Ladder (On Escalation, 1965)
  • André Beaufre (deterence theory)

    Leadership  
  • Great Leaders in the Art of War
  • Generalship: Diseases & Cure (Fuller)
  • Great Captains (list)
       • Van Tien Dung (Vietnam, 1975)
  • On Protracter War by Mao Tse-Tung
  • The Prince (review)   pdf

  • Grand Campaigns in History
       • Grand Campaigns: A Re-examination

    Dissent
  • Dissent in Wars
  • Military Dissent: The Newburg Legacy (2006)
  • A History of Pacifism (NY Times, 28 Aug 11)
  • New Definition of Military Valour - Saying No To Politicians (Guardian, Apr 06)
  • Generals Speak Out (links to articles on dissent)
       • Why Iraq Was A Mistake (LTGEN Greg Newbold, Aug 06)
       • Top-Down Review for Pentagon (MGen Paul Eaton, Mar 06)
       • Related NY Times article
  • A Failure in Generalship (Yingling, May 07)
  • Generals Call for Rumsfeld Resignation (NY Times, Apr 06)

    Protest in Wartime
  • Contending With Hitler: German Domestic Resistance (e-book)
  • Anti-War Movement: Vietnam War

  • Technology & War  
  • Technology & War (Guilmartin, pdf)
  • The Strategy of Technology (e-book)
  • Ctr for Strategy & Technology (Air U)
  • Military Innovation (Murrary & Guilmartin)
  • War and Invention (1931)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Technology & Defense (Singapore MoD)
  • Industrial Revolution & Warfare (19th c.)
       • Evolution of Modern Warfare
       • Impact & Major Trends
       • Timeline: 19th c. Tech & War
       • Industrial Revolution (internal)
  • Influence of Weapons on History
  • The Fog & Friction of Technology
  • Military Technology Transfer

    Military Technology
  • Military Technology
  • Military Technology Timeline (interactive)
  • Britannica: Military Technology
  • Inventions and War (1941 -- JSTOR)
  • Weapons Dictionary
  • Weapons Technology (portal)
  • Intro to Military Equipment (tutorials)
  • Weapon Manual Infographics (HistoryNet.com)
  • How Stuff Works: Tech of War
  • Naval Technical Notes
  • Innovations in Marine Technology
  • Jet Genesis
  • Turbine Engines (History, Theory)
  • Tactical Aircraft Primer
  • Stealth Technology
  • Strealth Aircraft Primer
  • Stealth Aircraft References
  • A Brief History of Unmanned Aircraft
  • Tactical Missule Technology, 1950-1990
  • How a Cruise Missle Works (interactive)
  • History of Guided Weapons
  • Precision Guided Weapons (history)
  • Precision Guided Weapons
  • Proximity (VT) Fuses
       • Development  • Alt
  • Smart Fuses  • Standard Fuse
  • Military Space Resources
  • Military Explosives Briefing (NROTC)
  • Shaped Charges & Reactive Armor
  • Fuel-Air Explosive  • Demo
  • Ballistics  • More
       • Internal  • External  • Terminal  • Coefficients
       • Powder  • Rifling  • Bullets  • More
       • Rifle Barrel Technology
  • Ammunition, Fuzes & Propellants
       • More
  • Super Gun
  • Nuclear Weapon Technology (primer)
  • Anti-Helicopter Mine

    Weapon Resources
  • Jane's Defense
  • Federation of American Scientists
       • US Munitions & Weapon Systems
       • US Aircraft
       • US Navy Ships (profiles)
  • How Stuff Work
  • Weapons Portal
  • US Army Ordnance Museum
  • Royal Artillery Museum

  • US Land Warfare Systems

    History of Technology
  • How Europe Missed the Transistor (Spectrum, Nov 05)

    Military Revolutions & RMA
  • Military Revolutions vs. RMA
  • Dynamics of Military Revolutions 1300-2050
       • Review
  • Mil Revolution: Innovation & Rise of the West 1500-1800
       • Reviews
  • Past Military Revolutons, Future Transformations (RAND)
  • Gettysburg to Gulf War & Beyond: Tech Chng  • Alt
  • Cavalry to Computer: Patterns of Mil Rev (10 MRs)
       • Alt
  • Revolution in Military Affairs (Definition: Wikipedia)
  • Introduction to RMA (2003)
  • Patterns of RMA (history, National Interest)
  • A Revolution in Warfare (Foriegn Affairs, 2006)
  • Surviviing an RMA (4 RMA's - WashPost, 2006)
  • RMA Portal (SourceWatch)
       • Portal: Naval War College
       • RMA Bibliographies (AU Library)
       • Project on Defense Alternatives
  • Thinking About RMA (Williamson Murray, 2007)
  • Background on RMA
  • The RMA Debate (portal)
       • History & Context  • Asymmetric War
  • Defining Asymmetric Warfare (LWP 58)
  • The Military Reform Project (portal)
  • Transformation of War (AWC portal)  • RMA
  • The Revolution in War (background, pdf, pp.13-17)
  • War Made New (Google book)
  • Twelve Observations on RMA
  • RMA: Competing Concepts, Org. Responses

  • Mil Rev 1560-1660 - Myth? (Parker - JSTOR)
  • Mil Revolution: Origins & Tests (Guilmartin)
  • Wars of Louis XIV
  • Military Revolution (course outline, UWisc)
  • 17th Century Europe (course outline, UWisc)
  • 17th Century RMA  • Arms & Tactics
       • Ships & Navies  • Soldiers & Governmentt
  • Military Revolution at Sea
  • Military Revolution (images: pike & musket)
  • Military Revolution (squares, tercio)
  • Spanish Tercios (1525-1704)
       • Evolution & Tactics  • Diagram
       • More: HistoryWorld.net
       • More: Wikipedia
  • Linear formations (images -- excellent!)
  • Ancien Régime Warfare & Mil Rev
  • Military Rev: Medieval Perspective
  • Military Rev: Early Modern Europe
  • Trace Italienne & Mil Rev (JSTOR)
  • Gettysburg to Gulf War & Beyond: Tech Chng  • Alt
  • Cavalry to Computer: Patterns of Mil Rev (10 revs)
       • Alt
  • Industrial Revolution & Warfare (MTSU)
       • Impact: Industrial Rev on 19th c War
       • Timeline: 19th C Warfare & Technology
       • Industrial Revolution (internal)
  • Napoleonic RMA (internal)
  • Napoleonic & First World War RMAs
  • 19th C Naval Technology Revolution
       • Technology Issues
       • Breech Loading Rifled Artillery
       • The "ABCD" Construction Initiative
          • Atlanta & Boston  • Chicago  • Dolphin
       • More "Steel Navy" Construction
  • 19th Century Naval RMA (2000, pdf)
       • Gunfire at Sea: Case Study in Innovation
  • The Submarine RMA (WW I)
  • The Interwar RMA (book: Williamson Murray)
       • Review
  • Mil Innovation & Carrier Aviation  • Pt 2
  • Military Power and the RMA (Hallion, 1999)
  • Transformation in Concept & Policy (JFQ, 2005)
  • 19th & 20th C RMA Cases (Calhoun, pp 52-66)
  • Lack of Innovation in pre-WW II RMA
  • RMAs & International Conflict: Nuc Revolution
  • 20th C RMA Cases: Fire, Maneuver, WMD

  • Understanding 4th Generation War (Lind)
       • Alt  • pdf
       • History  • 1st Generation  • 2nd  • 3rd  • 4th
       • Marine Corps Gazette article, Oct 89  • Alt
       • Expanding Remarks (Dec 03)
       • More (Fall 04)  • pdf  • More (Jan 05)
  • William F. Lind  • Articles (chronological)  • More
       • Last of "On War" series (15 Dec 09)
  • Fourth Generation War (FMFM-1A "manual")
       • Wm. Lind Explanation
  • Harnessing New Technology  • pdf
  • Fourth Gen War and Other Myths (Echevarria)
  • Problems With 4th Gen War (Echevarria-2005)
  • The Sling and the Stone (Google book)
  • Endless War (Ralph Peters)
  • End of Major Conventional War? (2004)

  • Thinking About RMA (pdf)
  • War as We Knew It: Real RMA (pdf)
  • Purpose of War (AF Mag)
  • RMA Revisited (Canadian)
  • War, Politics, RMA & Clausewitz (1995)
  • Effects of Military Innovation (RMA)
  • A Conceptual Approach to Transformation
  • Revolution to Transformation (JFQ 2002)
  • Revolutions in Military Affairs (1995)

  • War at the Millennium (internal)
  • Possibilities: Information Age Warfare
  • Information RMA?
  • Information Operations (Project AF 2025, 1996)
  • Precision Munitions and New Era of Warfare
  • 21th Century Warfare Issues
  • Weapons
  • Dictionary of Weapons
  • Pre-Modern Era Weapons
  • Ballistic Weapons (Guilmartin)
  • Early Gunpowder Weapons (15th c)
       • Timeline  • Artillery  • Handguns
  • 18th Century Arms (vignettes)
  • US Weapons of the Mexican-American War
  • Weapons & Warfare (Probert Encyclopedia)
  • 20th Century Weapons (Digger History)

    Gunpowder & Ballistics
  • History of Gunpowder  • More
  • Gunpowder  • Black Powder  • More
  • Gunpowder & Cannon (Calvert; detailed)  • Alt
  • Black Powder Basics & Manufacture
       • British Gunpowder Mill
  • Gunpowder & Saltpeter  • More
  • The Saltpetre Man (1853)
  • Smokeless Powder
  • Powder & Primers
  • History of Explosives & Propellants (IE)
  • Gunpowder Revolution
        (early artillery, firearms)
     • Alt
  • Military Explosives (explosives vs. propellants)
  • Impact: Gunpowder Revolution (chart)
  • Ballistics  • More (technical)
  • Ballistics: Historical Perspective  • pdf

  • Explosives in War (extensive)

    Bullets & Cartridges
  • Kinetic Projectiles
  • Bullets
       • Minié Ball  • More (Wikipedia)
       • Burton Ball (US Minie Ball)  • More  • Photo
       • More  • More  • More (scroll down)
       • Delvigne-Poncharra Bullet
  • European Bullets  • Pt. II  • Photos
  • Caliber (Wikipedia)
  • Bullet Caliber Conversions
  • Bullet History, Design, Manufacture
  • Metalic Cartridge Nomenclature
  • Bullet Types (photos)
  • Bullet Nomenclature
  • Cartridges
  • History of Center Fire Cartridge
  • 19th c. Cartridges (translated from Spanish)
       • Site map (translated)
  • Modern Bullet Theory & Design (scroll down)
  • Modern Small Arms Ammunition
       • Ballistic characteristics (data)
  • Ammunition photos
  • Raufoss Round  • Video
  • Ballistic Effects (9mm-50FI-400-class cal, video)

    Small Arms
  • History of Firearms to 1500
  • Early Firearms (15th to mid-19th c)
  • Early Handguns (late 15th c)  • More
  • Musket to Machine Gun (history)
  • History of Small Arms (unusual)
  • Small Arms History (thumbnails)
  • Guns Through the Centuries
  • History of Muzzle Loaders
  • History of Firepower (video)
  • History of Firearms  • Terminology
       • Anatomy of Firearms  • Ballistics
  • Firearms History (portal)
       • Bow to Early Firearms
       • Early Ballistics
       • Late 18th c Firearms (period docs)
       • Long-Range Shooting
  • Top 10 Combat Rifles  • Video
       • Four Phases of Firearm Development (photo)
  • Evolution of Firing Mechanisms
       • Percussion Caps (Scientific American, 1869)
       • Manufacture of Percussion Caps
       • Percussion Cap Photo
  • Muskets (images)
       • 17th Century Matchlock Musquette (1600-1660)
  • Wheelock Firearms
  • Flintlock Mechanism  • Components  • Animation
  • Flintlock FAQ  • How Flintlocks Work  • Video
       • Loading & Firing a Flintlock (video)
  • Manual of Arms, 1764  • Original
  • Musket Accuracy & Windage    • Statistics
  • Firearm Photos (Arundel Militaria)
  • Gun's World (firearm history portal)
       • Exploded Firearm Drawings
       • Cutaway Photos
  • Infantry Small Arms (1850 on)
  • Musket to Breech Loader (BBC)  • Alt
  • Birmingham Barrel Proof House
  • Flintlock Pistols & Muskets (photos)
  • Evolution of 19th c Firearms  • More (overview)
  • Brown Bess (American Rifleman)
       • History of War.org
       • Wikipedia  • Firing (video)
       • Why it's called "Brown Bess"
  • The Charleville  • More
  • U. S. Firearms Evolution (Springfield Armory)
       • More  • More
       • Guns of Springfield (video history of arsenal)
  • Flintlock Model 1795
  • M1816 Flintlock
  • International Firearms (extensive)
  • Rifle (history)  • By Type  • Tech Data
  • The Rifle (Tales of the Gun video series)
  • The American Rifle
  • Rifling & Bullet Spin (technical)
  • Polygonal Rifling
  • Old Rifles (1850-1950)
  • Evolution of Military Rifles (Patton site)
  • Development of the British Service Rifle
  • The Ferguson Rifle (Brit)  • Alt  • Wikipedia
       • Details & Photos  • Specs
  • French Rifles
  • Minié & Enfield '53 Rifles
  • Whitworth on Rifling
  • Whitworth & Enfield Rifles Compared (1857)
  • USA Rifled Arms (1816-WWII)
  • Civil War Small Arms (internal link)
  • Mid-19th c Military Rifles  • More
  • US Firearms of the Civil War Era  • More
  • Rifled Musket M1855  • Technical Detail  • More
  • Springfield M1861 Rifled Musket  • M1863
       • Operation & Impact on Civil War ****(video)
  • Breechloading
  • M1866 Springfield "Trap Door" Rifle
  • M1865-M1868 Springfield "Trap Door" Rifles
       • M1865  • M1866
  • M1873-M1888 Springfield "Trap Door" Rifles  • More
       • M1873 Springfield Carbine (Little Big Horn)
       • Comparison, M1873 Rifle & Carbine  • More
       • M1873 "Trapdoor" Springfield Video
  • Prussian Needle Gun  • Diagram  • w/ key
       • Cutaway Drawings (German)
  • French Chassepot Rifle
       • More  • Diagram  • Diagram
       • Chassepot Mechanism & Cartridges (translated)
       • Chassepot (Sci Am 1867)
  • Late 19th C Rifles
  • Martini-Henry Rifle (UK, 1871)
       • More
  • M1892 Krag-Jørgensen  • Photo  • Detail
       • Development History
       • Techical Review
  • Mauser Rifles
       • Mauser M1871
       • Mauser 98  • History  • Specs
       • Mauser 98K (WW II)
  • Mosin-Nagant (Russia)  • Photos  • More
  • Historic Atlas of Arms  • Original (Italian)
  • Modern Military Arms (20th c)
  • Military Rifles (20th c)
       • Lebel Rifle (8 mm, French)
       • M98 Mauser  • M1903 Springfield
       • M1917 Enfield  • M1 Garand
  • US Firearms (US Army, 20th c)
  • M1903 Springfield  • More  • More  • History
  • M1911 .45 cal Pistol (History)
  • M1917 Enfield
  • M1 Garand Rifle  • More  • More  • More
       • Detailed History  • Development (c 1938)  • More
       • Sniper Model  • Detailed Photo  • More
       • M1 Maintenance Manual
       • Animation  • Feed Cycle  • Video
  • M1 Carbine  • Details
  • M14 Rifle
  • M16 Rifle  • More  • AR-15 History
  • Future US Firearms
  • Small Arms Portal
  • History of Snipers
  • World Guns  • Military Rifles
  • US Infantry Weapon Reference (modern)
  • Modern Firearms
  • 20th Century Arms
  • Top 10 Combat Rifles (video)  • Details
  • Walther P38 Pistol (details)

  • Historic Firearms

    Automatic Weapons
  • Machine Guns: History & Impact (e-book)
  • Machine Gun: History, Development .. (e-book)
       • Full-Automatic Macine Gun Development
       • History (Wikipedia)  • More  • Overview
       • Machine Gun Development  • Spartacus
  • Early Machine Guns (Tales of the Gun video series)
  • Russian Rapid Firing Gun (late 17th c)
  • Rapid-Fire Guns of the American Civil War
  • Gatling Gun  • History  • Evolution
       • Patent Model  • Operational Animation
       • In Civil War  • More  • More
       • Description & Servicing (1878)
  • Mitrailleuse (French)  • More
  • Machine Gun Systems: • Recoil
       • Blowback   • Gas System
  • WW I Machine Guns: Allied  • Central Pwrs
  • Maxim Gun  • Hiram Maxim
       • Maxim Gun (Military Channel video)
  • Maxim MG 08  • More  • MG 08/15
  • Vickers Gun
  • Madsen light MG (Danish, WW I)  • Wikipedia  • More
  • Chauchat (French, WW I)  • More
  • Pulemyot Maxima MG (Russia)
  • Browning M1918 (BAR)  • More  • History  • Details
  • World Machine Guns  • More
  • American Machine Guns
  • German Machine Guns (WW II)
  • Soviet Machine Guns
  • Kalashnikov Site
  • Machine Gun History  • More
       • BREN gun  • German MG-34  • MG-42  • MG-42
  • Submachine Gun History  • Types  • More
       • Bergmann MP18 (WW I)
       • M1A1 Thompson Submachine gun  • Video
       • M3 "Grease Gun" (USA)  • More
       • MP-38/40 "Schmeissers" (Germany)
       • Sten (UK)  • PPSch-41 (USSR)
  • Sten Gun
  • Assault Rifle History  • More  • Definition
       • Early Development (Infographic)
       • MP-44/StG-44 (Sturmgewehr-44)
       • AK-47  • More  • History
       • AK-series Lineage in MP/StG-44?
       • M-14 (US)
  • M16 Rifle  • AR15/M16 Identification Guide
       • M16 Rifle Variants  • AR-15 History
  • M-4 Carbine  • Lineage
       • CAR-15  • CAR-15/XM-177  • XM177 Lineage

    Other Infantry Weapons
  • Bayonet (history & evolution)  • More  • More
       • Bayonet Identification  • Plug  • Rod   (Photo)
  • Trench Knife
  • Grenades (primer)  • Detail  • More
  • Grenades in WW I
  • Grenades in the Civil War
  • History of Grenades & Grenade Launchers
  • M79 Grenade Launcher
  • M203 Grenade Launcher
  • M107 Anti-Material Rifle (modern)
  • M1014 Shotgun (modern)
  • Land Mines (primer)
       • Anti-personnel  • Anti-tank
  • Flamethrowers (primer)  • Detail  • Animation
       • Graphic
  • Mortars  • Use in WW I
  • Barbed Wire in War
  • Body Armor (history)
       • More  • More  • More
       • How Modern Body Armor Works  • Demo
       • US Body Armor (Korean War)  • More
       • Current Marine Body Armor
  • Inert-ord.net
  • Rifle Grendades

  • Artillery
  • Artillery (Wikipedia)  • Basics
  • Artillery Terms & Nomenclature
       • Glossary (Naval Historical Ctr)
  • History of Artillery (Guilmartin)
  • History of Artillery (RNZA)
       • Early Rifling  • Projectiles
  • Artillery Throught the Ages (NPS)  • Alt
       • Early Smoothbore Cannon  • Rifling
  • Early Cannon
  • Artillery (14th - 16th Century)
  • Gunpowder Artillery (late 15th c)
  • History of Rifled Cannon (1861)
  • Cannon Glossary  • More
  • Gunfounding (classic)  • US Civil War
  • Early Cannon Ignition  • Friction Primer
  • History of Artillery (extensive portal)
       • History of the Gun  • History of the Mortar
       • Carronade    • Howitzer
       • Armstrong Gun    • Disappearing Guns
       • Breech Mechanisms    • Obturation
       • Muzzle Brakes    • Gun Rule
  • Artillery Development in 19th Century
  • Artillery Projectiles (history)
  • Artillery Projectiles (modern tech details)  • Shells
       • Civil War Artillery Ammunition
  • Ammunition, Fuzes & Projectiles (20th c)
  • Gun Carriages
  • Gun Sizes: Pounders vs. Inches
  • Shrapnel (1784, 1803)  • Wikipedia  • More
       • Shrapnel's Original Concept
       • Shrapnel v Shell Fragments
       • Shrapnel Shell (WW I)
  • Artillery Pieces (mid-19th c on)
  • Bronze Guns (Washington Navy Yard
  • Russian Artillery Museum (photos)
       • Shuvalov Cannon (Russia 1753, oval bore)
          • Closeup  • Front View  • Side View
       • Rectangular Bore Gun (Russia, 18th c)
       • Square Bore Siege Gun (Russia, 16th c)
       • Tsar Cannon (Russia, 16th c)  • History
  • 18th & Early 19th Century Artillery
  • Napoleonic Artillery (internal)
       • Gribeauval System (1765-1827)  • More  • The Guns
       • Napoleonic Siege Mortars (detailed)
       • More (pp 148-153)  • More (in French)
          • Gribeauval 8 pdr for Horse Artillery  • Details (image)
       • Supporting Equipment
       • System An XI  • More
  • History of American Field Artillery
  • Field Artillery of the War of 1812
  • Armstrong 12 pdr Field Gun (UK, 1859)
  • Civil War Artillery  • More (NPS)
  • Civil War Artillery Basics  • More
       • Crew & Ammunition
  • 12-pounder Napoleon Model 1857  • More
       • Video
  • Civil War Naval Ordnance
  • American Dynamite Guns
  • Modern Artillery Characteristics
  • Artillery Systems (thumbnails)
  • French 75 - Schneider M1897
       • Profile: Gun, caisson, limber
  • French 75 Recoil Mechanism (animated)
       • Source (Fr)  • Gun Components (Fr)
  • French 75 in WW I
       • French 75 in US Service (photos)
  • French 105mm Schneider M1913
  • British Artillery in WW I (specifications)
  • Large Gun Component Details (20th c)
  • On Artillery (20th C technology & tactics)
  • Artillery of the Great War  • More
       • French 75 Field Gun
       • German 7.7 cm Field Gun
       • German 10.5cm Howitzer ("Big Bertha")
       • German Paris Gun
  • German Flak 88  • Images & History
  • Modern Artillery Ammunition
  • Ordnance Images
       • Ordnance Categories (background)
       • Tech Data
  • US 175mm Gun (Vietnam - video)

  • Railway Gun Museum  • TOC
  • History of Railroad Guns
  • German Gustav 80 cm Gun  • More
  • 14 inch Gun (Fort MacArthur Museum)
  • Dalhgren 12-in Gun
  • Big Guns of WW I
  • US Navy Raiway Batteries (WW I)
  • 280mm German railroad Gun
  • 280mm Atomic Cannon
  • Little David - US 36-in. Mortar
  • Self-Propelled Artillery
  • Crusader SP Artillery
  • Davy Crockett

  • Early Artillery Rockets (NPS)
  • 19th c Military Rockets
  • History of the Rocket 1804-1815
  • Rockets in Early American Wars (JSTOR, 1946)
  • Congreve Rockets
  • Katusha Rocket Launcher (Soviet, WW II)
  • US Army Missile Programs

    Naval Guns
  • Naval Guns
       • Naval Guns (Great Ships video)
  • Early Naval Guns
  • Naval Cannon Fabrication
  • Bofors 40mm Anti-aircraft Gun
  • Mk 12 5 inch/38 Gun  • Mounts
  • Mk 28 5 inch/38 Twin Mount (battleships)
       • Phantom View  • Gun Detail  • Rear View
  • Mk 38 5 inch/38 Twin Mount (destroyers)
  • Mk 30 5 inch/38 Single Mount  • Phantom View
       • Photo  • Side View  • Plan View  • Alt Plan View
  • Mk 7 16 inch/50 Gun (Iowa-class)  • More  • Video
       • Phantom View  • Technical Details
    ----------
  • Nelsonian Naval Ordnance
  • Early Naval Guns  • Alt  • More
  • Carronade  • More  • More
  • Naval Cannon Fabrication  • More
  • Naval Ordnance Technology (c 1937, detailed)
       • Gun Barrel Construction
  • Naval Gun Factory  • More (c 1952)  • Pt 2
  • Naval Ordnance in War
  • Naval Gun Definitions & Details (20th c)
       • Ammunition, Fuzes & Projectiles
  • Naval Gunfire Support
  • Naval Weapons (internal link)

    Tanks
  • Tanks (Wikipedia)  • By Type
       • Oxford Companion to Military History
  • Tanks in WW I
  • Tanks of WW I (all countries)
  • Essays on Armor
  • Historic Tanks
  • Top 10 Tanks (Military Channel videos)
  • Ninety Years of the Tank  • Photos
  • Armored Fighting Vehicles (WW I to Cold War)
  • Patton Armor Museum (photos)
  • Armored Vehicle Reference (modern)
  • First Tank Proposal
       • Supporting Correspondence
  • Tank Data & Profiles  • More (portal)
  • German Armor of WW I (cached)
  • French Tanks (1916-1995, in French)
  • French Char B Tank (1930)
  • WW II Tanks (internal link)
  • WW II Tank Images (models)  • More
       • WW II Tank Comparison Graphic
  • German Armor Images (w/ profiles)  • Tanks
  • Czar Tank (curiosity, c 1918)
  • Russian Tank Museum
  • Soviet Tank Development (WW II)
       • Soviet tank plans
  • T-34 Tank  • Legend vs. Performance  • Video
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  • T-72 Medium Tank
  • Japanese Tanks (WW II)
  • Reactive Armor Tiles
  • US Armored Vehicles (FAS)
  • US Tanks (M26-M48-M60)
       • M47 Patton
  • M551 Sheridan  • Service Use
  • M1A1 Abrams Interactive Tour
  • Combat Vehicle Reference Guide

  • Self-Propelled Artillery
  • M113 Armored Personnel Carrier  • History

    Anti-tank Weapons
  • Anti-Tank Weapons (overview)
  • Anti-Tank Weapons & Vehicles
  • AT Cartridges (WW I)
  • Shaped Charges Primer  • More
  • HEAT Round
  • US Tank Destroyers (WW II)  • More
  • WW II AT Weapons (dead tank photos)
  • US Bazooka (M20 3.5 in. Rocket)  • More
       • History  • More  • More  • More
  • German WW II Anti-tank Weapons  • More
  • Panzerfaust
       • Panzerfasut graphic  • Another
       • Panzerfaust Photos
  • Panzerschreck  • More
  • RPGs (primer)
  • RPG-7  • More
  • Soviet Anti-tank Dog (WW II)  • More
  • APFSDS Anti-tank Round
  • Missiles Against Tanks, 1950-1990
  • AT-3 Sagger (USSR)
  • M-47 Dragon (US)
  • TOW Missile (US)
  • Kinetic Energy Missile
  • XM109 25mm Light Anti-Armor Rifle

    Mines
  • Land Mines
  • Claymore Mine

    Chemical Warfare
  • Chemical Weapons Convention
  • History of Chemical Weapons
  • Western Policies on Poison Gas Use
  • US Army Protective Mask (history, pdf)

    Intelligence
  • Intelligence Bibliography
  • History of US Comm Intelligence
  • Keegan: Intelligence & War (review, pdf)
  • Intelligence & Foreign Innovation (review, JSTOR)
  • Studies in Intelligence (CIA)
  • Impact of Intelligence on Battle
  • NSA History Articles
  • Signals Intelligence (NSA)

    Deception
  • Deception Ops (CGSC bibliography)
  • Deception in Warfare (AU bibliography)
  • Quotations on Deception
  • Dummy Battleships, WW I
  • WW II Deception Operations (pdf)
  • British WW II Homeland Deception
  • Normandy Invasion Operations
  • Soviet Operational Deception in WW II
  • Deception in the Invasion of Japan

    Psy Ops & Propaganda
  • Psychological Operations (Psywarrior.com)
  • "The Falling Leaf" (psywar journal)
  • Propaganda  • More
  • What is Propaganda?
  • Propaganda Leaflet Dissemination
       • Leaflet Drop: O-2B Vietnam  • Leaflet Drop (F/A-18)
  • Quotations on Propaganda
  • Propaganda Posters
       • Discussion  • Article (doc)
       • US Posters  • More  • Soviet  • PRC
  • Media and War (Imprl War Museum)
  • Propaganda & War Movies
  • Tokyo Rose, Axis Sally, Hanoi Hannah
  • Why America Fights: Patriotism & Propaganda
  • War Made Easy (politcal spin on US wars - video)

    Electronic Warfare
  • Start of the Digital Revolution

    Human Issues In War
  • Experiencing War (LOC Veterans History Project)
  • The Face of Battle (combat stress)
  • Women and War (Imprl War Museum)
       • Images
  • War Letters Project
  • Human Element & Air Combat
  • Witness to War (oral histories)

    The Draft
  • History of the Draft (U.S.) (AF mag)
       • Comment: Draft to All Volunteer Force (AFV)
       • History of the Draft (Selective Service System)  • More
       • Induction Statistics (1917-1973)
  • Conscription in US History
  • US Military Conscription (About.com)
       • US Election Issue
       • Reasons For & Against  • More
  • Draft Lottery, 1969
  • When the Draft Calls Ended
  • The Case for the Draft
  • Should We Reinstated Draft? (July 2000)
  • Your Chances of Being Drafted
  • About Selective Service
  • What Happens During A Draft?
  • All-Volunteer Force Proven (Jan 2003)
  • Plans to Mobilize Retirees (Apr 06)

  • Defense of the Homeland

        Fortifications
  • Fortifications (Oxford Comp to Mil History)
  • Fortifications (Guilmartin, RCMH)
  • Brief History of Castle Building (UK)
       • History of Castle & Fort Armament
  • Universal Features of Fortifications  • pdf
  • Sieges (Wikipedia)  • Siege Engines
  • Fortification Links
  • Trace Italienne (essay)  • Wikipedia
       • Drawings  • Glossary (translated)  • Glossary
  • Fortifications (15th - 16th Centuries)  • 17th - 18th c
  • Fortification Books (19th C, e-books)
  • Marshal Vauban  • RCMH  • Wikipedia
       • Career overview  • Military Engineer
       • Vauban's Innovations (translated)
       • Photos, Drawings (French)
  • Attack, Defense of Fortified Places
         (1757, excerpt)
  • Dictionary of Fortification  • Images
  • Glossary of Fortification Terms
       • Pentagonal Vauban Fortress
       • Crownworks  • Bastion
  • Dictionary of Military Architecture
  • Dictionary of Fortification (illustrated)
  • Fortifications of the World DB
  • Fortified Places (international, portal)
       • Belfort
  • Fortifications (US, portal)
  • Fortresses Web Ring
  • Star Forts of Paris (Fr, satellite photos)
  • Fort McHenry (internal link)
  • Fortified City (Almeida, Portugal)
  • Belgian Forts of the 20th Century
  • Fortresses of Liége (WW I)
       • Armaments  • Details
  • The Forts of Verdun (WW I - 1916)
  • Maginot Line  • Wikipedia    • Concept
       • Video
  • Contra View of Maginot Line
       • History  • More  • More  • More
       • Development & Construction
       • Design (macro)  • Detail  • Detail
       • Organization & Operation (French)
     • Maginot Line Glossary  • More Links
       • Tour  • More  • Maps & Diagrams
  • Maginot Line (tour)  • History (no frames)
  • Maginot Line Operations & Controversy (internal Link)
  • Andre Maginot  • Wikipedia
  • Fortified Town: Mont Louis (Fr) (images)
  • Field Fortifications (West Point, 1856)
  • Field Fortifications (Civil War)

        Coastal Defenses
  • Coastal Defense (GlobalSecurity.com)
  • US Fortifications (early history)
  • Harbor Defenses of US
       • First, Second & Third Systems
       • Third System (1850-1884)
       • Taft & Endicott Boards (1886-1917)
  • Forts That Defended America (Google book)
  • US Seacoast Fortifications, 1830-1945
  • Defending America's Coastline (NPS)
  • Coastal Defense Study Group (portal)
  • US Coast Artillery Corps  • Wikipedia
  • US Coastal Defense: Historical Context
       • Third System (1850-1884)
  • Evolution of Guns in US Coastal Defense
  • US Coastal Defense Forts
  • US Harbor Defense Forts (maps c. 1921)
  • Fort Monroe, VA (1834)  • More
  • Fort James Jackson, GA (Second System)  • More
       • Virtual Tour
  • Fort Trumbull, CN (2nd & 3rd Systems)  • pdf
  • Fort Adams, RI  • History
       • Joseph C. Totten and the Third System
  • Fort Hancock, NY (history, NPS)
  • Harbor Defenses of the Delaware River
  • Baltimore Harbor Defenses
       • Fort Carroll, MD
       • Fort McHenry, MD (internal link)
       • Baltimore Harbor Images
  • Potomac River Defenses for Washington
  • Hampton Roads Defenses
  • Fort Sumter, SC (3rd System)
       • Fort Sumter National Monument (NPS e-booklet)
  • Gulf Coast Fortifications
  • Fort Taylor, FL (Key West)
  • Pacific Coastal Defenses
  • Fort St. Philip (LA) (1817, plan, NARA)
  • Fort MacArthur (Coast Artillery; Nike missiles)
  • San Francisco Bay Seacoast Defense
       • Historical Context  • Design Evolution & Details
       • Fort Point (c. 1860)  • More
       • Harbor Defenses, 1891-1945
       • Fort Dynamite (1895-1904)
       • Fort Miley (c. 1900)
       • Battery Chamberlin (c. 1904)
       • WW II Seacoast Defense in San Francisco
          • Gun Defenses & Minefields (photos)
       • Forts Barry, Baker & Cronkhite
       • Cold War Era, 1952-1974

  • Russian Coast Artillery
  • Surviving Towers (Delaware)
  • Spithead Forts (UK, c 1860)
  • Sea Forts (UK - WW II)  • More  • More  • More
       • Wikipedia    • Diagram
       •Thames Estuary Defenses (map)

        Air Defense
  • History of Ground-Based Air Defense (e-book)
  • AAA Defenses (WW II)
  • Wasserfall (German SAM)
  • History of Army Air Defense Cmd
  • History US Air Defense (AF Mag)
  • Early Warning Links
  • SAGE System
  • Nike Missile System History  • More
  • Nike Missile Portal
       • System History
          • Ajax  • Hercules
       • Photos:  • Ajax  • Hercules  • Patriot
  • Nike Missiles and Sites
  • Nike Missiles @ Ft. MacArthur
  • Nike Missile Site Links
  • SF-88 (original)  • More  • Photo Tour
       • Analog Computer
  • SF-88 (National Park Service)
  • Nike Site SF-88L Volunteers
  • BOMARC System (cached)
  • Ballistic Missile Defense
  • Air Defense Artillery Magazine
  • Cold War Air Defense (internal link)

  • Bomb & Fallout Shelters (images)

    Logistics
  • Logistics    (Scroll down for multiple discussions)
       • Readers Companion to Military History
       • Canadian Forces Logistics Branh Handbook
       • Military Logistics (Wikipedia)
  • "The Logistician" (quotation)
       • Quotations on Logistics
  • Logistics Portal (Air University)
  • DOD Joint Logistics Course
  • Pure Logistics (historic)  • Alt  • Alt
  • Logistics, The Practical Art of Moving Armies (Jomini)
  • Logistics & Modern War (JSTOR, 1945)
  • Logistics (How the Army Runs, pdf)
  • Feeding Mars: Logistics in Modern War (review, JSTOR, 1994)
  • The Logistics of War (AFLMA)  • Alt
  • The Logistics of Waging War, 1982-1993
  • Military Logistics: A Brief History
  • For Want of A Nail (Quartermaster history)
  • History of Navy Combat Logistics
  • Early Transport & Logistics
  • Logistics Links   • Defintions   • Quotations
  • Feeding Armed Forces (RCMH)
  • History of the Can  • More
  • War and Industry (RCMH)
  • Lessons From Alexander the Great
  • Moving Armies By Sea (c 1799)
  • War Finance  • More (RCMH)
  • History of US Taxes & War
       • US Tax Timeline
       • Tax History Museum
  • Century of Power Projection (AUSA, pdf)
  • Logistics Bibliography (US Army CMH)
  • US Quartermaster Corps History
       • QM History Portal  • Museum
       • QM Timeline  • WW II
       • Quartermaster History (Global Security)
  • History of the Quartermaster Supply System
  • US Subsistance Dept. (Rev to Civil War)
  • Ordnance Corps History
  • U.S. Army Transportation Museum
  • US Army Trucks (photos, modern)

  • Industrial Warfare
  • War & Industry (RCMH)
  • Mobilization (bibliography)
  • AF Journal of Logisitics (articles)
  • Naval Logistics Bibliography
  • Classes of Supply

  • Logistics Case Studies (JCS)
       • Multimedia Course
  • Logistics in the Revolutionary War
  • Logistics in the Age of Sail
  • Napoleon in Russia (logistical analysis)
  • Sherman, Atlanta & The Sinews of War
  • Supplying the AER (1917-18)
  • British Logisitcs WW I
  • US Oil Industry in WW I & WW II
  • Liberty Truck (US Army Trans School)
  • Over the Hump (Tunner on airlift)

  • The Big "L" - American Logistics in WW II
       • pdf  • Google Book  • Review
  • Global Logistics & Strategy, 1940-1943 (CMH)
  • Logisitics in the 1941 Victory Plan
  • Sinews of War (logistics in WW II)  • Details
  • Mobilizing US Industry in WW II  • Alt
       • Google book  • pdf
       • Government (now Air Force) Plants
  • FDR, Detroit & Arsenal of Democracy (review)
  • Mobilization (CMH e-brochue)
  • Army Logistics in WW II (thumbnail)
  • Trains in WW II (video)
       • Army Troop Train (video, 1943)
  • US Army Quartermaster Corps in WW II
  • Logistic Support of the Armies (May41-Sep44)
       • Inception of Overlord & Logiic Aspects
       • The Overlord Logistical Plan
  • Logistic Support of the Armies (Sep44-Feb45)
       • Logistics Limitations on Tactical Plnning
       • Port Discharge & Shipping Problems
       • Transportation Developments
       • PDF (Both Volumes)
  • Logistics and the Broad-Front Strategy
       • Logistics in W Europe (video, 38:05-42:45)
  • Port of Antwerp: Importance to Both Sides
  • Logistics & Patton's 3rd Army (cached)  • .doc
  • US Army Trucks in WW II  • More  • More
       • Studebaker US6 truck (w/ graphic)
  • Red Ball Express  • Map  • Other Routes
       • Resupplying Patton's 3rd Army
       • POL on the Red Ball Express    • More
  • Jerry Cans  • More  • More
  • Bibliography: Logistics in W II (NDU)
  • Port Chicago Disaster (Jul 44)
  • East Coast Oil Pipelines (Big Inch, Little Inch)
  • WW II Tank Output  • US  • Ger  • USSR
  • Use of Horses in WW II
  • Logistics in Operation Barbarossa

  • Army Small Freight Ships (FS) (WW II)

  • Rapid Deployment Logistics (Lebanon 58)
  • Logistics in Vietnam (CMH)  • More
  • Early Logistics in Vietnam (1967)
  • Desert Storm Logistics (NDU)  • pdf
  • Gulf War & 16 Log Principles
  • The Management Margin in War
  • Operator-Logistician Disconnect

    Reporting War
  • Famous War Correspondents
  • War Stories (covering war)
       • War Reporting & Technology
  • Reporting in Time of Conflict (Harold Evans)
  • Reporting War (US News)
  • Role of Press in War: Lessons from past
  • Press & Military: Tet 1968
  • Press In Vn As Agent of Defeat (JSTOR, 1989)

  • Law of Armed Conflict
  • Laws of War (Wikipedia)
       • Additional Background
  • The Laws of War (documents, 1856-1975)
       • Treaties & Laws (International Red Cross)
  • Laws of War (Google book)
  • Law of War (Intrn'l Law of War Assoc.)
  • Outlawing War & The Law of War (JSTOR)
  • Law of Armed Conflict (Air U, links)  • More
  • Law of Land Warfare (FM 27-10, 1956/1976)
       • Alt HTML  • pdf
       • Index for Geneva & Hague Conventions
  • Law of War Deskbook (USA JAG Sch, '05)  • pdf
       • Ch. 1: History of the Law of War
  • How Rules of War Work
       • Introduction (thumbnail)
  • Law of War - Outline  • Book Review
  • Legal Analysis of Changes in War
  • Constraints on Western War (book rvws)
  • When does War Exist? (JSTOR, 1932)
  • Brief History of Law of War
  • Law of War & Civilian Workers
  • Nature of War (von Molke the Elder)
  • Rules of Engagement (BBC Film)  • More
  • ROE Handbook for JAGs
  • Factors In Developing ROE (NWC Review)
  • Articles of War & UCMJ
  • Law of Armed Conflict & ROE (USAF)
  • Crimes of War Proj. - Legal Targeting
  • History of Humanitarian Laws
       • Essential Rules
  • Army Law of War Resources
  • Manual for Courts Martial (pdf)
  • Operational Law Handbook (USA JAG School)
  • AF Int'l & Ops Law Deskbook
  • Law of Naval Ops (NWP 1-14M)
     
  • Blockades: (Overview)
       • US Foreign Policy Encyclopedia
       • Oxford Miltary History Companon
       • Reader's Companion to Military History
       • Blockades in US History (Oxford US Mil History)
  • Law of Blockade (1903)
  • History of the Law of Blockade (JSTOR, 1916)
  • Blockades: Legal Considerations (ICRC)
  • Blockade As An Act of War  • Examples
  • Laws of Blockade
  • Prize Law
  • Declaration of Paris, 1856  • Text  • US Position
  • London Declaration of 1909  • Text
  • Air Blockade of Iraq (Northern & Southern Watch)

  • Crimes of War (e-book)
       • Crimes of War Project
       • Misconceptions on Laws of War
       • Civilian Immunity
       • Combatant Status
       • Military Objectives & Legitimate Targets
  • Law of War (book review)
  • Gulf War: Legal and Moral?
  • Law of War (links)
  • Laws of War (RCMH)
  • Rules of War & Arms Control Treaties (Fletcher)
       • Treaties (Univ of Minn)
  • On the Law of War & Peace (1628)  • pdf
       • Hugo Grotius Bio  • Portal  • Portal
  • Humanitarian Law - Treaties & Documents (ICRC)

  • Geneva Conventions (overview)  • More
       • History of Geneva Conventions
       • Geneva Conventions, Core of Int'l Law
  • 1st Geneva Convention (Wounded, 1864)
       • Thumbnail  • Alt Text
  • Geneva Convention III (War at Sea, 1899)
  • Geneva (Gas) Protocol of 1925
       • Impact on Herbicide War (Vietnam)
  • Geneva Conventions of 1949
  • Treatment of POWs (Geneva III, 1949)
       • Text (linked by article)  • Signatories
  • Convention on Conventional Wpns (Geneva, 1980)
       • Text of Convention  • Protocols  • Status
       • US Reservation, Declaration & Understandings
  • "Superfluous Injury & Unnecessary Suffering"

  • The Hague Convention
       • Documents (1899-1954)
  • Law of War on Land (Hague II, 1899)
  • Law of War on Land (Hague IV, 1907)
  • Hague Rules of Air Warfare (1923)

  • History of Arms Control (Encarta)
       • More (Wikipedia)
  • Current Arms Control Agreements (DoD)
       • More (FAS)  • Arms Control Agencies (DoD)
  • Militarism, Arms Races & Arms Cntrl (essay)
  • Ban on Crossbow
       • 2nd Lateran, 1139 - #29
       • Commentary (scroll down)  • More
  • Washington Naval Treaty (1922)
       • Document
  • White Phosphorus: Legal Status
  • Arms Control Assn. (current initiatives)

  • Just War Theory
  • Just & Unjust War
  • Origin of terms jus ad bellum & jus in bello
  • Airpower & Morality (AF mag editorial)
  • Allied Area Bombing Revisited
  • Dresden and the Law of War  • Ethics of Raid
  • Rolling Thunder & Law of War
  • Linebacker & The Law of War
  • In Search of Lawful Targets (AF Mag)
  • Principle of Objective in LOAC (doc)
  • Posse Comitatus Act  • More  • Def
  • Posse Comitatus Resources
  • Cluster Munitions (Foreign Policy, pdf)

  • Lieber's Code (ROE, April 1863)  • Alt

  • Title 50, US Code: War and National Defense
       • Chapter 33: War Powers Resolution
       • Title 10: US Code: Armed Forces
       • Title 32: National Guard

    Moral & Ethical Issues
  • Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb (internal)
  • Hiroshima's Lessons for War on Terror
  • Strategic Bombing Doctrine: Moral & Legal?
  • Civilian Casualties In Iraq & Other US Wars

  • Land Warfare
  • Land Warfare
  • U. S. Army Cntr of Military History
  • The US Army (FM 1)
       • Operations (FM 3-0, June 2001)  • Alt (Feb 2008, pdf)
  • American Military History (book)
  • The War Times Journal ****
  • Land Warfare Papers (LWP) (AUSA)
  • Abrams Doctrine: Reserve & AD Force Integration
  • US Army Infantry Museum
  • Face of Battle (FAS)
  • Urban Operations Journal
  • Block By Block: Uban Operations (case studies)
  • Urban Operations (FM 3-06, w/ case studies)
  • History of the British Army  • Alt
       • Soldier Life in the British Army
  • Olive Drag (military portal)
  • Steel Pots: History of US Helmets
  • Military Camouflage  • Digital Camouflage
  • Special Operations Code Names
  • Land Warfare Systems (FAS tutorial)
       • Direct Fire Weapons  • Indirect Fire Weapons
       • US Land Warfare Systems
  • Historic Army Helicopters (WWII - SEA)
  • The Military Horse

    Airborne & Air Mobile Operations
  • Airborne Forces
  • Airborne Ops in WW II: A German Appraisal (CMH)
  • First US Airborne Operation (Husky, 1943)
  • Airborne Operations (Armchair General)
       • Airborne Fundamentals
       • The Marshalling Plan
       • The Air Movement Plan
       • The Landing Plan
       • The Ground Tactical Plan
  • History of Airborne Warfare
  • History of U.S. Air Mobile Warfare (1950-1965)
  • Airmobility 1961-1971 (CMH, VIetnam Studies)


    Air Warfare
  • Air & Space Power course (USAF)
  • Defining Aerospace Power
  • Opinions & Thoughts on Airpower
  • USAF LeMay Center for Doctrine

  • Air & Space Power Course
  • CADRE  • Air & Space Power Mentoring Guide
  • Doctrine, Technology & Air Warfare
  • Illusions of Airpower (Crane, 2001)
  • The Airpower Revolution (Atlantic, Apr 02)  • Alt
       • Limitations on Airpower in SEA (Atlantic, May 02)
       • The American Way of War (Atlantic, Jun 02)
  • Evolution of USAF Doctrine (AF Mag, Jun 04)
  • Air Force Doctrine Documents (AFDD, current)
       • Circa 1997
  • Ten Fundamental Truths of Airpower (2006)
       • Source Document (AFDD-2, 2006 - pdf)  • PDF
       • Discussion
  • Six Paradoxes of Airpower (AF Mag)  • pdf
  • The Age of Airpower (van Creveld - review)
  • Why Air Forces Fail (e-book)
  • Airpower Overview (FAS)
  • The Air Campaign (FAS)
  • Aerial Bombing of Cities
  • Psychological Effects of Airpower
  • Terror Tarketing & Impact on Morale
  • Air Strategy: Targeting For Effect
  • Air Strategy (RCMH) (cached)
  • Evolution of British & US Strat Bombing
  • "The Bomber Will Always Get Through" (1932)
  • Case Studies in Strategic Bombardment
  • Case Studies in Air Superiority (AFHSO)
  • Case Studies in Close Air Support (AFHSO)
  • Help From Above (AF CAS for Army, 1946-73)
  • Airpower in Three Wars (Momeyer: AFHSO)
  • History of Air Interdiction (AF Mag)  • More
  • Air Interdiction in Three Wars (AFHSO)
  • Air Lessons of WW II (Hap Arnold)
  • Law for Air Warfare (WW II training film)

  • The Risk Takers (AF pioneers)
  • Hap Arnold (book review)
  • Carl Spaatz: Airpower Strategist
  • Air Force Basic Doctrine (AFDD 1, pdf)
  • Air Warfare (AFDD 2-1, pdf)
  • Hap Arnold: Principles of Air Power
  • Tedder: Principles of Air Warfare
  • Fall of the Fighter Generals (2001)  • pdf
  • Air Force Roles & Missions: A History (AFHSO)
  • Air War College Online Gateway
       • Issues, Doctrine & Warfighting
       • AU Military History
       • References  • Military Index to the Internet
  • Centenial of Flight  • Essays on Airpower
  • On Airpower (articles)
  • Air Power Australia (think tank)
  • Air University Library  • Bibliographies
  • Air University Press e-books
  • Significant USAF Operations (AFHSO)  • Alt
  • Air Battles / Operations (AU)
  • Air & Space Power Journal  • A&SPJ Index
  • Air Force Historical Studies Office  • Pubs
  • AF Historical Research Agency
       • Air Force History Index  • Alt
       • USAF Historical Studies (WWII =>)  • Alt
  • Concise History of the US Air Force  • pdf
  • US Army Air Forces (history, org)
  • USAF History Highlights (AFHSO)
  • Air Force Historical Foundation
  • Air Force Magazine Archives
       • Valor series
  • National Museum of the USAF Aircraft
       • USAF History  • Weapons  • Engines
       • NMUSAF Lectures Series
  • Aeronautical Systems Center History
  • USAF History Video
  • Air Warfare Photos (text in Korean)
       • Great Warplanes
  • Air Aces Homepage
  • US Aerial Victories - All Wars
  • Aircraft Nose Art
  • About.com History => Aviation
  • Chandelle (av history journal)
  • Post-WWII Air Wars
  • History of the RAF  • The RAF at War
  • RAF Aircraft (1912 to present)
  • Royal Air Force Museum
  • Soviet Aviation Links

  • Military Aviation Portal
  • Military Aircraft (general categories)
       • By Category  • Bombers  • Fighters  • Carrier-based
  • Air Vectors
  • Aviation Zone (Heavy Aircraft Portal)
  • Evolution of Modern Aircraft (NASA)
  • Encyclopedia of non-US Mil Aircraft
  • Military Aircraft Database
  • Aviation Images
  • Aviation Portal
  • Historic Wings (portal)
  • US Military Aircraft (Baugher)
  • USAF Bombers & Weapons (detailed)
  • US Military Aviation Deisgnations

  • Aerial Weapons (Guilmartin - RCMH) (cached)
  • Aircraft Guns  • Video (Tales of the Gun series)
       • Bullets Between the Blades (forward-firing guns)
       • WW II Fighter Gun Effectivemess
  • Aircraft Guns of the World
  • Air Combat Tactics
       • Air-to-Ground Basics: Bombing
  • Bombs for Beginners
  • Dumb Bombs & Smart Munitions
  • Aerial Munitions (current; FAS e-book)
  • Air Armament (NMUSAF)
  • General Purpose Bombs  • More  • More
  • History of Very Heavy Conventional Bombs
  • Aerial Munition Listing  • Alt
  • Napalm
  • Fuel-Air Explosive  • BLU-72 FAE  • Photo
  • Chemical Bomb (MC-1)  • MM43 Cluster Bomb
  • Emergence of Smart Bombs (AF Mag)
  • PGMs: Background & Effectiveness
  • History of Guided Weapons

  • History of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
       • More (Air & Space Mag)  • More
       • UAV History & Current Ops
       • Unmanned Air Vehicles
  • History of Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles
       • Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles
  • Drones & UAVs (NY Times topic)
  • History of UAVs (USMC CSC '89)  • More
  • UAVs: History & Future (ACSC, 1997)  • pdf
  • Air Force UAV's: Secret History  • Alt
  • Firebee Drone  • More  • More
       • Photo Details  • More
  • MQ-9 Reaper
  • History of Cruise Missiles (Vectorsite)
  • US Airlift History Portal (cached)
       • History of Troop Carrier/Tactical Airlfit
  • Over the Hump (Tunner - AFHSO e-book)
  • Air Refueling History
       • More (AF Mag)  • Office of Air Force History
       • Flight of the "Question Mark"  • Photos  • Video
       • AR in the 1930's
       • AR in the Post-war Era: KB-29 & KC-97  • Photos
       • B-50A Lady Luck II (first non-sop around the world)
  • Role of Aerial Refueling in US Wars (e-book)
  • Filling Stations in the Sky (Aviation History)
  • Aerial Refueling Bibliography
  • AF Gunners Association
  • Aerial Reconnaissance History
  • Energy Management
  • Air-to-Air Tactics
  • Toss Bombing
  • Two Decades of Stealth (AF mag)

  • JASSM
  • M61 Tactical Nuke
  • EMP Weapons
  • BLU-82 "Daisy Cutter"
  • PGM's (Vectorsite)
  • Laser Guided Bombs (FAS)
  • GBU-43/B MOAB  • More
  • GBU-28 Bunker Buster (Flash)
  • Massive Ordnance Penetrator (MOP: GBU-57)

  • Missiles Against Aircraft, 1950-1990

  • USAF Folk Songs
  • Sea Warfare
  • Naval Battles By War (Wikipedia)
  • Naval Warfare Strategy (Oxford Comp US Mil Hist)
       • Sea Warfare in US History
  • History of the US Navy (Navy HHC, e-book)
  • US Naval History Video
  • Seas of Liberty (US Navy history video)
  • US Navy Battle Streamers
  • Birth of the US Navy (Mariners' Museum)
  • Influence of Sea Power ... (Mahan, e-book)  • Alt
  • Sea Power & Other Studies (Bridge, 1899)
       • Google book (limited)
  • Britain's Career on Center Stage
  • History of Sea Power (Cal Berkeley NROTC)
  • Sea Power History (Rice NROTC, ppt)
  • Naval History Portal (USNA Web)
       • Navy & Marine Corps Living History Assn.
  • Naval Warfare (NDP 1, pdf)
  • Emergence-Modern Naval Warfare
  • Strategic Sea Power Post-Cold War (e-book)
  • US Navy Information (bluejacket.com)
       • USMC Information
  • Naval History & Heritage Cmd
       • Navy Library  • Index  • Reading Room
       • Combat History of USN
       • Photo Collection  • US Navy Ship Photos
       • Events in USN History
       • US Navy Ship Strength (1866-present)
  • History of the US Coast Guard  • At War
  • Warfighter's Encyclopedia
  • Tactics: Crossing the "T"
  • Naval Tactics in the Age of Steam
  • Martime History Virtual Archive
  • Naval Warfare History (CFCSC, cached)
  • Seapower - Important Sea Battles
  • US Naval History Maps
  • USN/USMC History Portal
  • Naval-History.net (20th century)
  • Maritime History Portal
  • Blockades (internal link)
  • Warships of the World (historic)
  • Historic Naval Ships
  • Historic Ships of the World (RCMH)
  • Ships of the Royal Navy
       • 1860 - present
  • The Caravel  • History
  • Genesis of the Ironclad (Crimean War)
  • Non-US Ironclads, 1855-1880
  • Warship Plans & Profiles (1900-1950, all nations)
       • More  • More  • US Cruisers
       • Early Carriers  • Later US Carriers
       • US Subs (inbrd profiles)  • German Subs
  • US Navy Ships (1883-1989: info & silhouettes)
  • Intro to Ship Types (WW II)
  • US Ship Pictures (NavSource)
  • Dictionary of U.S. Fighting Ships
       • By Subject & Type  • w/ Photos
  • USN Ship Reclassification (1975)
  • Warships on the Web
  • Historic Ship Photo Tours
  • Naval Ship Photos (portal)
  • Brassey's Naval Annual (1888-1913, extracts)
  • US Naval Ship Registry
  • History of the Russian Navy
  • HMS Warrior (1860)  • Details
  • Maritime Art  • Tom Freeman
  • Naval Ports & Dockyards of the World
  • Naval Technology Articles
       • More (ship & gun design technology)
  • History of Naval Design
  • History of U. S. Shipbuilding
  • Contruction of Wooden Ships
  • Development of Square-Rigged Ships
  • Ship Capstans (design detail)
  • Steam Propulsion History (US Navy)
       • Early USN Steamship Comparisons
       • History of Screw Propeller
  • First Steam Screw Propellor (1804)
  • Demologos, First Steam Warship (1815)
  • Early Marine Steam Engines (1840)
       • More (1878)
  • Triple-Expansion Steam Engine (details)
  • Steam Turbines (Parsons, 1911)  • Alt
  • Sir Charles Parsons and Marine Turbines  • More
       • Parsons Lecture on Turbines (1911)  • Alt
  • Titanic Propulsion System (combined recip & turbine)
       • More  • More  • Engine Model  • Propellors
       • Engines on sister ship Britannic
  • The Ram on 19th Century Warships
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Torpedo Defense Measures in Ship Design

  • Naval Weapons (overview)  
  • Naval Guns (USN: mid-19th century)
  • USS Vesuvius (dynamite guns, 1890)
  • World Naval Technology (20th c)
       • Naval Weapons of the World(1880 on)
       • US Naval Guns
       • Naval Ammunition
  • Naval Gun History (internal link)
  • Gun Turrets  • Large Turret Cutaway  • Animation
       • 16-inch Gun Turret Operation (USN Training film)
  • Evolution of Battleship Gunnery 1920-1945
  • US Sub Deck Armament (WW II)

  • History of Torpedoes (Wikipedia)
       • History of Torpedoes: The Early Days
  • Brief History of US Navy Torpedoes
  • US Navy Torpedoes (Milford)
       • 1941-43 Scandal
       • Conventional Torpedo R&D 1940-46
       • Homing Torpedo R&D 1940-46
       • Post-WWII Heavy Weight Torpedoes
  • Whitehead Torpedo History
  • Torpedoes  • Firing Procedure
       • US Types
       • Howell Torpedo (1870-1889)
       • British Torpedo History
       • H2O2 Propulsion  • More
       • Russian Shkval Rocket Torpedo
  • Torpedo Development (Interwar)
  • Torpedo Failures in WW II (both sides!)
  • US Torpedoes in WW II
  • USN Mk14 Torpedo (cutaway & specs)
       • Mk14 Tech Manual
       • Images  • Engine Operation
  • Mk 14 Reliability Problems in W II
       • Summary  • More  • More  • More
       • HistoryNet.com  • More
       • Reason for Failures  • Tech Analysis
  • Mk24 Accoustic Torpedo (Fido, WW II)
       • Photo
  • WW II Sub Torpedo Tubes (details)
  • Anti-Torpedo Nets
  • Torpedo Under Keel (video)
       • Images  • Explanation
  • Aerial Torpedoes

  • Missiles Against Ships, 1950-1990

  • Anti-Submarine Warfare
  • Anti-Submarine Warfare: An Illustrated History
  • US & Allied Anti-Sub Warfare Developemnt to 1945
       • More: Into the Cold War

  • Amphibious Warfare (internal link)

  • History of Mine Warfare
       • Case Studies
       • "The Lesson That Never Stays Learned"
  • The History of the Sea Mine (pdf)
  • Torpedo [Mine] Warfare (1878)  • Pt 2
  • Bushnell Keg Mine (c 1776)
  • Civil War Torpedoes (Mines)
  • US Naval Mines (images)
       • Mk 6 Mine
  • Mines in the Atlantic (WW II)  • More
  • Minesweeping  • More (pdf)
  • Mine Warfare
  • US Minesweepers (MSO)

    Miscellaneous
  • History of the Russian Navy (book)
       • Russo-Japanese War
  • Sinking Warships
  • US Navy Ship Camouflage  • More  • More
       • Illustrated History
       • Dazzle Camouflage  • More
       • WW II History q • WW II Patterns
  • History of U. S Merchant Marine
  • Naval & Military FAQs
  • USNI Photo Archive
  • USMC Historical Prints

  • Ship Types
  • Ships of the World (encyclopedia, all eras)
  • World Warships 1900-1950
       • US Navy Ships
  • Maritime Quest (extensive!)
  • World Warships, 19th & 20th Centuries
       • 20th Century Battleships (chronological)
       • Warships by Country
  • USN Ship Designations
  • Dictionary of American Fighting Ships
  • WW II USN Ship Recognition Manual
       • Additional Excerpts
  • Ships of WW II (profiles, specs)
       • USN ship profiles (WW II)
  • Ships of the US Navy, 1940-1945
  • US Navy Ships (NavSource: specs, history, photos)
  • USN & MSC Ships (FAS; profiles)
  • US Ship Profiles  • A-F  • G-M  • N-Z
       • More US Ship Profiles
  • US Navy Ships (NHC, by name)
       • USN ships, by hull number
       • Current USN ship profiles  • USCG
       • US Navy Ship Profiles - 20th c  • Line profiles (scoll)
  • US Warships, 1883-1989 (w/ profiles)
       • US Interwar Battleships, modern cruisers, destroyer
  • US Submarine Profiles
  • Ship Model Photos
       • More  • More  • More
       • FineArtModels.com (detailed)
  • Warship Photos & Data
  • Probert Encyclopedia of Ships
  • Historic Naval Ships (museum ships)
  • Capital Ships

    Aircraft Carriers
  • History of US Aircraft Carriers
  • Evolution of Aircraft Carriers
  • US Navy Attack Carriers (US NHC)
  • Aircraft Carriers of WWII
  • US Navy Aircraft Carriers
       • The Carriers and Their Fates
  • Essex-class Aircraft Carriers  • Details
       • History  • Video (Top 10)
  • List of World Aircraft Carriers (Wikipedia)
  • Escort Carriers (ship details)  • Photos
       • Casablanca-class  • Later Classes (T3 hulls)
       • More (Wikipedia)  • List of Escort Carriers
  • Aircraft Carrier Models

    Battleships
  • History of Battleships
       • Video  • Pt 2  • Pt 3  • Pt 4
  • World Battleships  • More (stats)
  • Pre-Dreadnought Battleships  • More
       • US pre-Dreadnoughts
       • British and German pre-Dreadnoughts
       • HMS Agamemnon (last British pre-Dreadnought)
       • IJNS Mikasa (last surviving pre-Dreadnought)
  • Dreadnought Battleships
       • HMS Dreadnought  • More  • Diagram
       • USS Texas, BB-35 (1914)
  • The Dreadnought Race (1905-1914)
  • HMS Warspite (1915-1946)  • More
  • HMS Royal Oak (1916-1939)
  • Battleships of WWII  • Video
       • UK  • Germany  • Japan
       • Analytical Comparison
  • US Battleships (NHC)  • Photos
       • Timeline  • Graphic
       • USS Monitor   to   • USS Iowa
       • US Battleships (BB-1 to BB-71)
  • History of US Battleship Development
       • First Generation (USS South Carolina BB-26)
       • Second Generation (USS Nevada BB-36)
       • Third Generation (USS Iowa BB-61)
  • US Dreadnoughts: BB-26 to BB-54
  • US Battleships  • More  • More  • Links
  • US Battleships of WWII
       • USS Washington (BB-56)  • Armament
         • Scaled drawings
       • USS Iowa-class  • More  • Video
       • Details  • Development  • Model details
  • Development of Iowa-class
  • USS Missouri Grounding (Jan 50)
  • USS New Jersey in Panama Canal
  • Ships Named for States
  • Evolution of Battleship Gunnery
  • End of the Battleship Era

    Monitors & Early Battleships
  • HMAS Cerberus (c 1870)

    Battlecruisers
  • Origins of the Battlecruiser
       • Comments
       • Origins of the RN Battlecruiser  • Video
       • Background (Wikipedia)  • More  • More
  • Battlecrusiers of the US & UK, 1902-1922
  • Fisher's Folly  • More
       • Jackie Fisher
  • History of the Invincible Class
       • Invincible  • Inflexible  • Indomitable
  • HMS Repulse  • More  • Photos
  • HMS Renown  • More  • Photos
  • HMS Hood  • More  • Photos  • Design
       • Battle of the Denmark Strait (May 1941)
  • Battlecruisers Lost in Action
  • Lexington-class Battle Cruisers  • More
  • Alaska-class Battle Cruisers  • More  • More

    Cruisers
  • Cruiser (background)
  • US Navy Cruisers  • More
  • History of US Cruisers
  • Royal Navy Cruisers

    Destroyers
  • History of US Destroyers  • Overview
       • US Navy Destroyer Portal
       • US Destroyers By Name  • Another
  • Flush-deck ("Four-pipe") Destroyers of WW I
  • Fletcher-class Destroyers  • More
       • Armament  • Video (Top 10)  • Video
       • Virtual Tour (USS Kidd)  • More
  • Destroyer Armament  • 5 inch/38 Mk 30 Mount
  • Destroyer Escorts  • More
  • ASW: WWI, WWII, Cold War
  • APDs: High Spped Transports in WW II

    Submarines
  • Submarine in Naval War, 1901-2001 (JSTOR)
  • Submarine Warfare (portal)  • Sub Types/Classes
  • Submare History & Engineering
  • Submarines: An Illustrated History
  • Submarine Warfare - An Illustrated History
  • Submarine History - 400 Years  • Alt
       • Saga of the Submarine (All Hands, 1967)
       • CNN
  • Submarine Chronology • U.S.  • World
  • Bushnell's Submarine
       • David Bushnell
  • Sub Pioneer Monturiol
  • Sub Pioneer Simon Lake
  • Sub Pioneer John Holland
  • John Holland and his Submarines
       • Holland I: First RN submarine (detailed phantom view)
  • Century of RN Subs  • More
  • Centennial of US Submarines
  • US Sub Force History (1900-40)
       • 1941-45  • Cold War
  • US Submarines (photos)
       • Photo essay, 1900-1940
  • US Sub History (Pre-Nuc)  • Sub Force Stats
  • US Sub Force Museum
  • Submarine Recruiting Posters
  • Loss of S-5 (1920)
  • US Subs on China Patrol (Interwar Years)
  • V-class Subs: Predecessor to WWII Fleet Subs
  • US Subs of WW II (by hull number)
  • US WW II Submarine Technology
  • US Fleet Sub Tech Manual
  • US Fleet Submarines (details)
       • Interactive Cutaway
       • Systems  • Systems & Procedures
  • Virtual Sub Tour (USS Tang)
       • USS Pompanito  • USS Ling
  • Allied Subs in WW II (histories)
  • Nimitz the Submariner
  • WW II Submarine Profiles  • Germany
  • History of US Sub Design (inboard profiles)
  • Inland Sub Construction (WW II)
       • Manitowoc Submarines
       • Moving Subs to Sea (procedures)
       •Sub Side Launch (image)
  • Post-WWII Sub History (USS Irex)
  • History of US Torpedoes
  • History of Sub Periscopes
  • Cold War Submarines (internal link)
  • Submarine Films
  • Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP)
       • Sterling Engine  • HSwMS Gotland
  • US Minesweepers (MSO)

  • US Navy Tankers  • More
  • US Coast Guard Cutters (profiles)

  • Amphibious Warfare
  • History of Amphibious Warfare
       • Timeline: 19th century  • Guantanamo Bay
       • Timeline: 1901-1938
          • 1901  • 1910  • 1914  • 1914: Vera Cruz
          • 1915: Gallipoli
          • British Beetle Landing Barges
          • First dedicated Troop Transport
       • Timeline: WW II
          • Guadalcanal  • Sicily
       • Timeline: Cold War
  • USMC Amphibious Doctrine - Gallipoli Connection
  • US Marine Corps Historical Center
  • Amphibious Ships (NavSource)
  • Modern Amphibious Operations
  • Amphibious Warfare (NROTC)
  • Amphibious Operations (USMC CCE)
  • Devlpmnt of US Jnt & Amphib Doctrine, 1898-1945 (pdf, 23MB)
  • Advanced Base Ops in Micronesia (USMC, 1921)
  • Doctrine in WW II
       • Evolution of Amphib Warfare, 1920-41
       • Landing Ops Doctrine (FTP-167, US Navy, 1938)
       • Landing Ops On Hostile Shores (FM 31-5, 1941)
       • Naval Amphib Ops Doctrine (1941)
       • USMC Amphibious Doctrine (WW II summary)
  • From Gallipoli to D-Day (BBC)
  • Development of Amphibious Assaults in WW II
  • Amphibious Ops, WW II (photo essay)  • Pt. 2
  • Amphibious Warfare Photos - WW II
  • Amphib Warfare Lessons (ppt, UTexas NROTC)
  • Amphibians Came to Conquer (e-book)
       • Amphibious Warfare Doctrine
       • Logistics at Guadalcanal
  • Development of Amphibious Assault in WW II (timeline)
  • History, Amphib Tng Ctr (US Army, WW II)
  • Combined Operations (Royal Navy)
  • Sea Lion v. Overload: Planning Critique  • Alt
  • Logistics Over the Shore (LOTS)

  • US Amphibious Warfare Ships (photo archive)
       • Amphibious Ships By Class
  • US Amphibious Ships & Craft (Google book)
  • Attack Cargo Ship: AKA  • More
       • USS Rankin (AKA-103)
  • High Speed Trasport: APD  • USS Pavlic (APD-70)  • More
  • Landing Craft (portal)  • Another
       • More  • More  • More
       • Allied Landing Craft of WW II
       • Landing Craft Graphic  • Alt
  • Development of Landing Craft (USMC in WW II)
  • Landing Craft in RN (WW II, Combined Ops)
  • Landing Craft Histories (general)
  • Landing Craft Histories (specific classes)
  • LST (Landing Ship, Tank)  • History  • More
  • LST-325  • History  • More  • At Normandy
       • Photos  • Beached, showing hull characteristics
  • LST-906 Launching L-4 Spotter Planes
  • Brodie Landing System  • Patent Drawings
       • Video (1:37)  • Test Video
  • LST, LCT, LCI
  • USN Small Landing Craft
  • LCM
  • LCT (portal)  • Evolution (LCT => LCU)  • More
       • Crew Narrative  • LCT/LCU Photo Archive
  • LCS (Landing Craft, Support)  • More  • More
  • LCPL
  • Higgins Boat (LCVP)  • More  • More
       • Details  • Graphic3  • Lineage  • Patent
       • Higgins Memorial  • Photos
       • Higgins and the Boats That Won WW II
       • D-Day Museum
  • Army Watercraft  • More  • LSV

  • Amphibious Vehicles  • Portal
  • The DUKW  • More  • More (pdf)  • History
     • DUKW (video)
  • History of the Marine Amphibian
  • AAVTP7 Assault Amphibian (modern)

  • Amphibious Warfare (NROTC Manual, pdf)

  • USMC Recruiting Posters

  • Merchant Shipping
  • History of U. S Merchant Marine
  • American Merchant Ships & Sailors (e-book)
  • US Merchant Marine in WW I
       • Merchant Marine Posters  • More
       • Merchant Ships in US Navy Service
  • The Bridge to France (e-book)
       • Protecting ships from submarines
       • Convoys
  • The "Hog Islander" Ship (WW I)  • More  • More
         • Photo  • Line Drawing
  • Hog Island Shipyard (WW I)  • More
       • More  • More (Time, 13 Jan 1941)
       • Hog Island Controversy
  • Troops Transported (1917-18)
  • U. S. Merchant Marine in WW II  • Photos
  • Allied Merchant Navy (WW II)
       • Tribute to Merchant Seamen
  • WW II Cargo Ship Technology
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  • Liberty Ships  • More  • Overview  • Details  • More
       • List of Ships  • Stories
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  • Shipyard Posters (WW II)
  • Victory Ships
  • WW II Tankers
  • T-2 Tankers  • More  • Details & Photos
  • Commissioning a Navy T-3 Tanker (USS Elokomin)
  • Concrete Ships (WW II)  • WW I
       • SS Arthur Talbot  • SS Vitruvius
  • End of the Concrete Ships
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       • Armament of US Merchant Ships
  • Merchant Marine at D-Day
  • Quotes on the Merchant Marine (WW II)
  • US Maritime Commission Fact Sheet (22 May 45)

  • Merchant Marine in Korea


  • Return to Top

    Antiquity
  • Ancient Warfare Resources
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  • Hellenic Warfare (comprehensive)
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      • The Oblique Order
  • Great Battles of Rome
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  • Punic Wars (portal)
  • Battles of the Punic Wars (portal)
  • Rome v. Carthage
  • Hannibal Portal
  • Hannibal Crosses the Alps
  • Cannae (216 BC) - excellent graphics
       • Wikipedia
       • Wargame ("Click here to CONTINUE" at bottom)
       • Map
  • Metaurus (207 BC)
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  • Map: Roman North Africa

  • Middle Ages
  • Longbow Portal
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  • Crossbow Portal  • More
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  • The Crusades (1096-1291)
  • Third Crusade (1189, Animated Map)
  • Mechanical Artillery  • More  • More  • More
  • Early Gunpowder Weapons

    Renaissance (14th - 16th c.)
  • Renaissance (definition, Wikipedia)
  • Renaissance Armies: The Spanish
  • The Foot Soldier (14th-15th c)
  • Infantry Combat Tactics (14th-16th c)
  • Renaissance Battlefield Tactics
  • Tercio (Wikipedia)
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       • Evolution & Tactics  • Diagram
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  • Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
       • More  • Overview  • Chronology
  • Battle of Crécy (1346)  • More
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       • Documentary
       • Animated Map  • Map
  • War of the Roses (1455-1487)
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  • Battle of Lepanto 1571 (Guilmartin)
       • More (Wikipedia)
  • Spanish Armada (1588, Guilmartin)
       • More (Wikipedia)  • More  • More  • More
       • Image  • Image  • Interactive Map
  • Drake's Great Armada
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  • 17th Century
  • Wars of the 17th Century
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       • More  • Timeline
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       • Westphalian Sovereignty  • Westphalian System
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       • More
  • Gustavus Adolphus & Dawn of Modern Warfare (pdf)

  • France: Historical Maps

    18th Century
  • Wars of the 18th Century
  • Warfare in the 18th Century  • Summary
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  • The French Army in the 18th Century
  • The Seven Years War (1754-63)
       • Portal  • More  • More
       • Battle of Leuthen ((1757)
       • aka French & Indian War
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       • Overview Map (USMA)
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       • More  • Map (ineractive)
       • Map (period)  • Map (USMA)
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  • Moving Supplies in N America (1759)
  • 18th-19th Century Arms
       • Weapon Photos

  • Britain As A Military Power, 1688-1815
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)

  • American Revolution   
  • The American Revolution
  • American Revolution (narrative)
  • Causes of the American Revolution
       • Economic Causes
  • British View of American Revolution (BBC)
  • The American Revolution (Trevelyan, 1912 - abridged)
       • Vol 4 (complete, )
  • Coming of the Revolution (1754-1775)
  • Quartering Act (1765)
  • Politics of the Founding Fathers (Newsweek, 20010)
  • Founding Fathers: Young Men of the Revolution
  • Writings of Samual Adams (e-book)
  • Declaration of Independence  • More  • Text
  • Our Declaration (analysis of document; review)
  • Fates of the Signers of the Declaration

    American War for Independence
    • Campaigns & Battles (internal link)
  • Overview of Am Revolution (C³, CMH)
       • Map: Overview of American Revolution  • Another
  • War for Independence, 1775-83
  • Wars of the Am. Revolution (essay)
  • Historians & Mil History of Am Rev (JSTOR, 1964)
  • Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution (1850)
       • Vol 2
  • US Army CMH Resources
       • Revolutionary War Bibliography
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       • Oxford Companion to US Military History
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       • Revolutionary War Info (portal)
       • National Park Service (overview)
       • Library of Congress
       • History Hub
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       • American Revolution.org
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       • USHistory.org (1765-1777)
       • Rev War Places & Things (Sons of Am Rev)
          • Articles
  • Maps of the American Revolution
       • Animated Battle Maps
  • American Revolution Timeline
       • Timeline 1775-1783  • Another
       • Annotated Timeline
  • Picture Field Book of the Revolution (1850)
       • Volume II (Lossing)
  • Revolutionary War Battle Sites
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  • Revolutionary War Staff Rides
  • Paul Revere's Ride (his narrative)
  • Writings of George Washington (e-book)
  • Washington & Benedict Arnold Crisis (1780)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)

  • Diplomacy in the American Revolution (US DoS)
  • Foreign Relations and the Naval War
  • Alliance With French
       • Early History  • People of the Alliance

  • Strategies & Tactics  • More
  • British Grand Strategy
       • British Strategic Plan (map)  • Alt
       • British Strategy (1776)
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       • British Strategy (1776-77)  • Howe's Blunder
       • British Strategy (1778-79)
       • British Strategy (1779-80)
  • Washington's Strategy (letter, Sep 1776)
  • Limiting Factors for Washington's Strategy
  • British Planning Prior to Saratoga
       • Full article (JSTOR, GT only)
  • Rev War Strategy Case Study (NavWC)

  • Battle Tactics
  • 18h Century Warfare (Saratoga, NPS)
       • More (Sons of the American Revolution)
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  • 18th Century British Army
       • History  • Weapons  • References
  • British First Foot Guards in N America (1776-1783)
       • "Scipio" (Grenidier Guards slow march - wav)
  • Revolutionary War British OB
  • Organization of British Army in Am Rev (e-book)
  • Hessians: Best Army Money Could Buy  • More
  • British Articles of War (1762)

  • The Continental Army (CMH e-book)
       • More (Wikipedia)
  • State Militias  • More
  • Washington's Use of Militia  •Full article
  • Creating a Continental Army (LOC)

  • Logistics: Why Britain Failed (JSTOR, 1976)
  • Logistics in the Revolutionary War
  • Supplying the Continental Army
       • Supply Problems During Revolution
  • Supplying Washington's Army (CMH e-book)
  • Feeding the Army (Cowpens)

  • Revolutionary War Campaigns
       • BritishBattles.com (links to battle descriptions)
  • War Overview & Early Campaigns (maps)
  • Battle Timeline & Links  • Another
  • Contemporary Maps  • Index
  • Battle Maps (USMA Atlas)
       • War Overview Map (USMA Atlas)
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  • Virtual Battlefield Tours  • More
  • Siege of Boston (1775-76, map)
  • Paul Revere's Ride (map)
  • Lexington: First Blood (April 1775)
       • Lexington (History of the USA, 1904)
       • Lexington-Concord Staff Ride (WPI ROTC)  • Map
       • Lexington  • Concord
       • Battle Road (interactive mural)
  • Fort Ticonderoga (May 1775)
  • Bunker Hill (June 1775)  • Map
       • Background (NPS)  • Lesson Plan
       • Bunker Hill (History of the USA, 1904)
       • Bunker Hill staff ride (WPI)
       • Massachusetts Historical Society site  • Maps
  • Battle of Bunker Hill (analysis, 1896 - JSTOR)
  • Canadian Campaign (Sep 1775-Oct 1776)  • Map
  • Washington and the Army at Boston (1776)
  • Northern Campaign 1775-1777 (LOC)
  • New York Campaign of 1776  • Map
       • Battle of Long Island (Brooklyn) (27 Aug 1776)  • More
          • Map  • Historic Map
       • Battle of Harlem Heights  • Map
  • Hessians in the New York Campaign (1776)
  • Retreat from New York (map)
  • Christmas Campaign (Dec 1776 - Jan 1777)
       • Christmas Campaign Map
  • Crossing the Delaware (Dec. 26, 1776: painting)
       • Updated
  • Battle of Trenton (Dec 1776)  • Map
       • Account
  • Rev War Turning Point 1777-1778 (LOC)
  • Battle of Princeton (Jan 1777)  • More  • More
       • Prelude to Battle (map)  • Map of Battle
       • Lord Howe's After Action Report
  • Virtual Tour of the Revolution in 1777
  • Philadelphia Campaign of 1777
       • Timeline
  • Battle of Brandywine (1777)  • More (WTJ)
       • More  • More  • More  • More
       • Map  • Animated Map
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       • More (overview)    • More
       • Map (NPS)  • Map (USMA)
       • Burgoyne's Plan  • Plan execution
  • Oriskany (Aug 1777 - NPS)
  • Bennington (Aug 1777 - NPS)  • More
  • Battle of Saratoga (Oct 1777 - NPS)
  • Saratoga Campaign  • Map (USMA)  • Alt
       • Setting the Stage (NPS)
       • Campaign Animated Map (USMA, ppt)  • Alt
       • 1st Battle (Freeman's Farm, 19 Sep)
       • 2nd Battle (Bemis Heights, 7 Oct)
       • More (Creasy: 15 Decisive Battles)
       • Staff Ride (WPI ROTC)  • Overview
       • Saratoga Staff Ride Atlas (USMA, pdf)
       • Detailed Description
  • Valley Forge (Dec 1777-May 1778; portal)
  • von Steuben: The Real Story
  • Winter at Valley Forge
  • Pa-NJ Campaign (May-Jul 1778, map)
  • Battle of Monmouth (June 1778 - WPI Staff Ride)
       • Map
  • Sullivan's Campaign Against Iroquois (1779)

  • Southern Phase 1778-1781 (NPS)  • LOC
       • Campaign Animated Map (USMA, ppt)  • Alt
       • Timeline
  • War in the South (maps): 1777-78  • 1779-81
       • 1780  • 1781
  • Nathanael Greene (1742-1786)  • More  • More
  • Greene's Southern Campaign (JSTOR)
  • Greene's 1781 Campaign (Smithsonian)
  • Greene's Southern Campaign & Mobile War
  • Irregular Warfare in the South
  • Papers of Gen. Nathanael Greene (review)
  • Nathanael Greene & Civil-Military Relations
  • Siege of Savannah  • More
  • Battle of King's Mountain (Oct 1780)
       • More (T. Roosevelt, 1895)  • Alt (in book)
  • Battle of Cowpens (Jan 1781)  • More  • More
       • Cowpens: America's Cannae
       • Map  • British Attack  • Counterattack
       • Daniel Morgan  • John Edgar Howard
       • Cowpens Staff Ride
       • Cowpens Staff Ride (Leavenworth)  • pdf
  • Battle of Guilford Courthouse (Mar 1781)
       • NPS  • More (wargame)  • Map
  • Alliance With French
       • Early History  • People of the Alliance
  • French Forces in America
  • French Finances & the Am Rev (JSTOR)
  • Lafayette's Virginia Campaign  • Map
  • Washington's March to Yorktown  • Map
       • Routes of Americans & British to Yorktown (map)
  • Va. Campaign & Siege of Yorktown (CMH)
       • Siege of Yorktown (NPS)
       • Victory at Yorktown (Google book, 2004)
       • Military History Encyclopedia on the Web
       • US History.com
       • History of the USA, 1904
       • British Battles.com
       • Yorktown (e-book)
       • Battle of Yorktown
          • Period Map  • Map (USMA)
  • Yorktown & Battle of Virginia Capes
       • More (internal link)
  • View of Cornwallis's Surrender at Yorktown
       • Full article (JSTOR, GT only)
  • The World Turned Upside Down (surrender details)
  • Yorktown: Articles of Capitulation
  • Eyewitness to Yorktown
  • Why Cornwallis Lost at Yorktown
  • How A Revolution Saved An Empire (NY Times)
  • Tactics & Weapons of the Revolution
  • Weapons of the Revolution
       • Muskets  • Flintlock Rifles
       • Brown Bess (American Rifleman)
       • History of War.org  • Wikipedia
       • The Charleville  • More
       • The Ferguson Rifle (Brit)  • Wikipedia
          • Details & Photos  • Specs
       • Bayonets
  • The "Browning" of Musket Barrels
  • Musket Drill  • Film clip
  • Artillery  • More  • More
  • Weapons Technology (bibliography)
  • Soldier Life (portal)
  • Revoutionary War Soldier
  • Uniforms of the Revolution (cached)
  • The Minutemen
  • British Grenadiers
  • Revolutionary War Medicine
  • Treatment of American POWs

  • Revolutionary War Home Front (LOC)
  • Society of the Cincinnati  • Homepage

  • Naval History of American Revolution  • Alt
  • The War at Sea (History of the USA, 1904)
  • Naval Documents of the American Revolution
  • Continental Navy (Mariners' Museum)
  • US Naval Historical Ctr Resources
  • Esek Hopkins, First US Admiral
  • Ships of the American Revolution
  • US Navy OB 1776
  • Ships of the Continental Navy
  • John Paul Jones  • NHHC Portal
     • Biography (by James Fenimore Cooper)  • More Bios
       • Chronology  • More
  • Journal of John Paul Jones (extracts)
  • Cruise Around the British Isles (1779)  • Map
       • Whitehaven Raid (w/ map)
  • Bonhomme Richard vs. Serapis
       • More  • More  • More (scoll to "Serapis")
       • Map & Archaeology  • Battle Map
  • Penobscot Expedition (1779)  • Map
       • More  • More  • More  • More (w/ maps)
       • Naval Historical Center
       • Samual Adams on Penobscot Expedition
       • Paul Revere Diary Accouint  • Other Accounts
  • Battle of the Virgina Capes (Sept 1781)
       • More  • More  • More  • Map
  • US Marines in Revolution (prints)

  • Analogies: Am Revolution & Vietnam War
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Historians and the Mil History of the Am Rev
       • Full Article (JSTOR, GT only)
  • Modern Historians Confront Am Revolution

  • Lewis & Clark Expedition  • Journals
       • More  • More
  • Lewis & Clark National Historic Trail
       • Detailed Map

  • Battle of Tippecanoe (Nov 1811)

  • US Naval War with France
  • History of the US Navy 1775-1890
  • Franco-American Diplomacy (!778-1843)
  • Naval Documents: Quasi-War with France
  • Quasi-War With France, 1791-1800
       • More (Wikipedia)  • More (US DoS)
       • Documents (Avalon Project)
       • More (Napoleon Series)
  • Alexander Hamilton and the Quasi War
  • Privateers in War With France
  • US Navy History, 1787-1801
  • War With France: Linked Timeline
  • Constitutiion vs. La Vengeance (1800)

  • Thomas Jefferson on Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Barbary Wars
  • Barbary Wars (overview)  • Background  • More
  • First Barbary War 1801-1805
       • Wikipedia
       • More
       • Early American Review
  • Causes & Conduct of First Barbary War
  • Naval Documents on Wars with Barbary Powers
  • Victory in Tripoli: Lessons for War on Terror
       • Counterpoint
  • How Did the US Defeat the Barbary Pirates?
  • Jefferson and the Mediterranean Corsairs
  • Jefferson Versus the Muslim Pirates
  • America and Muslim Pirates
  • Jefferson's War: America's First War on Terror
       • More  • More
  • Treaties With the Barbary States  • Documents
  • Details on the Barbary Wars (blog)
  • Stephen Decatur & USF Philadelphia  • More
       • Philadelphia images  • Map, Tripoloi Harbor
  • Jefferson's Gunboat Navy
  • Jefferson on the Need For a Navy

    French Revolution
  • French Revolution
       • Timeline of the Revolution  • More
  • History of the French Revolution  • Pt 2
  • French Revolutionary Wars
       • Timeline of the Revolutionary Wars
  • Napoleon In the Revolution
  • Levée en masse  • Text
  • The First Coaliton (1792-97)  • More
  • The Second Coaliton (1798-1801)
  • Napoleon in Egypt (1799)  • More
  • Peace of Amiens (1801)
  • Napoleon Takes Charge
  • Revolution: Linked Outline (extensive!)
  • Napoleonic Europe
  • Influence of the Napoleonic Revolution

    Age of Fighting Sail
  • Timeline
  • Warfare in the Age of Sail
  • Naval Warfare Overview (Calvert)
  • History of Navigation
  • Maritime Core Knowledge Portal
  • Nautical Terms  • More
  • Anatomy of a Man-of-War
  • Sail Configurations  • More  • More
       • Sail & Mast Nomenclature
       • Sailing Ship Rigging  • Details
       • Full-Rig Ship  • Barque  • Schooner  • Sloop
  • Royal Navy Ship Rating System
       • Sloop-of-War
  • British Naval Supremacy (essay)
  • Royal Navy, 1793-1815
  • Naval Strategy & Tactics (c 1805, essay)
  • Life in the 18th-century Royal Navy
  • RN During Napoleonic Wars  • More
  • Broadside (Nelson's Navy Portal)
       • Armament
       • Frigate Engagement (narrative)
  • Nelsonian History
       • History of Nelson's Navy (documentary)
  • Nelsonian Battle Tactics  • More
  • Naval Strategy & Tactics (circa 1805)
  • Napoleonic War Naval Combat (French)
  • Naval Battles of French Revolutionary Wars
  • Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1797)
  • Battle of the Nile (Aboukir Bay, 1798)
       • More  • More  • Chronicle & images
  • Naval Battles of the Napoleonic Wars
  • Prelude to Trafalgar (Cape Finisterre, July 1805)
       • History of War.org
  • The Trafalgar Campaign (History of War.org)  
  • Napoleon & England  • Pt II
  • The Invasion Scare (1805)
       • Nelson rejoins fleet
  • French Plans Prior to Trafalgar
  • Battle of Trafalgar
       • Wikipedia
       • History of War.org
       • Nelson's Navy.com
       • HistoryNet  • More
       • About.com
       • Guardian Unlimited (interactive)
       • BBC
  • Trafalgar Animated Map (BBC)
  • Trafalgar - British OB
  • Naval Strategy & Tactics (c 1805)
       • Ships of the Royal Navy at time of Trafalgar
  • Nelson's Tactics at Trafalgar
  • HMS Victory  • More
       • Wikipedia  • About.com
       • HMS Victory Photos  • More (circa 1900)
       • Documentary (Battle Stations series)
       • Victory vs. Le Redoutable: Comparison
  • Le Redoutable at Trafalgar (captain's narrative)
  • Santisima Trinidad (plans)
  • Admiral Collingwood's After Action Report
  • Trafalgar After Action (image & description)
  • Trafalger and the Balance of Power
  • Long-Term Impact of Trafalgar
  • Admiral Horatio Nelson
       • Nelson (National Archives, UK)
       • Nelson at Trafalgar (HistoryNet)
       • Nelson & Sea Power (esssay)
  • The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson (e-book)
       • Alternate (continuous text)
  • Nelson and the Royal Navy
  • Nelson: Letters & Dispatches
  • French Commander: Admiral Villeneuve
  • Royal Marine on HMS Belleisle (narrative)
       • Belleisle artwork
  • Finale to Trafalgar (Cape Ortegal, 3 Nov 1805)
  • Fighting Sail Resources
       • Naval Chronology, 1793-1815
       • Ship Types
  • Construction of Wooden Ships
  • Economics & Politics of Naval Timber Trade, 1776-86
  • RN Frigate: HMS Trincomalee (restored, detailed)
  • French Frigate Hermione (reconstruction)
  • RN Infrastructure Facilities
  • The Gunboat War (Britain v. Denmark, 1807-1814)
       • More    • More

  • Algerine Pirates & Creation of US Navy
       • Naval Act of 1794  • Text
  • US Super Frigates  • More
       • Knox, Humphreys and the Super Frigates
  • The Frigates (Great Ship video series)
  • Old Ironsides Goes to Sea (Great Ship video series)
  • Building a 44-gun Frigate (US)
  • US Frigates in War of 1812 (internal link)

  • Naval Guns (internal link)
  • Saturation Bombing & Chemical War (c 1812)  • Alt
  • Nautical Glossary  • More
  • RN Ships, 1780s to 1840s

    War of 1812
  • War of 1812
       • War of 1812 Casebook  • Articles
          • Journal of the War of 1812
       • Napoleon Guide (causes & overview)
       • Calvert (narrative)  • Alt (text only)
       • Livingston (outline)
       • Center for Military History (e-book excerpt)
       • Named Campaigns, War of 1812 (CMH)
       • History Central (battles)
       • History of War Online
       • War of 1812 Bicentennial Site
  • War Overview (Canadian perspective)
       • War Overview
  • Canadian Campaigns  • Battles  • Summary
       • Canada in the War of 1812 (portal)
       • The Northern Campaign (Ontario Archive)
       • Canadian Perspective: Background (video)
          • Pt. 2 - War Begins
          • Pt. 3 - First Citizen Issues
       • War of 1812 (documentary; good intro)
  • War of 1812 Timeline  • More  • More  • More
       • More  • More  • By Time & Region
  • War of 1812 Campaign Maps
       • War overview map  • Regions (interactive)
  • Pictorial Field Book of the War of 1812 ****
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  • Origins of the War of 1812
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  • Debate on the Naval Establishment (1812)
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       • Full Article (JSTOR - GT only)
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  • Patuxent Amphibious Campaign (1814)
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       • Defense of Fort McHenry (13-14 Sep 1814)
       • NPS Historical Pamphlet
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       • Virtual Tour  • Detailed Diagram  • Map
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       • Star Spangled Banner  • Old Music

  • New Orleans Campaign  • More
       • Timeline  • Map
       • Alexander Cochrane (naval commander)
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  • Preliminary Movements  • Battle (detailed)
  • Battle of Lake Borgne (14 Dec 1814)
       • US Gunboat
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       • More  • More  • More  • More  • Timeline
       • Maps & Art  • More  • More  • More (c1815)
       • Details of campaign (scroll to p. 98)  • More
       • Battle of New Orleans (T Roosevelt) ∗
             ∗ Discusses delay (from Battle of Fayal)
           • More (Find: "Fayal")
           • Mentions delay of British attack by Battle of Fayal
       • Battle of New Orleans (Remini, review)  • Ch. 1
       • Battle of New Orleans (MA thesis, detailed)
       • Massacre at New Orleans (Galafilm)
       • Virtual Battlefield Tour
       • Song (music & lyrics)
  • Treaty of Ghent (Dec 1814/Feb 1815)  • More

  • 17th Regiment of Foot (US)
  • Weapons of the War of 1812
  • Primer on 19th c Warfare (Calvert)
  • Infantry Maneuver Manual (1812)
  • Forts of the War of 1812

  • War of 1812 At Sea (USN Historical Ctr)  • More
  • The Navy in the War of 1812 (gunboats)  • doc
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  • The Naval War of 1812 (T. Roosevelt, 1882)
       • Review
  • Naval Operations 1812  • 1813  • 1814
  • Naval War of 1812: Documentary History
  • British View: Naval War of 1812
  • Naval Actions on the Great Lakes
  • Battle of Lake Erie  • More
       • Building the Squardon
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       • The Fate Chesapeake
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  • USS Constitution  • More  • More  • More
       • Timeline   • Battle Documents
       • Virtual Tour  • Documentary (US Navy)
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       • Diagonal Riders
       • 200th Anniversary   • More   • Photos
       • USS Constitution during Civil War
  • Constitution vs. Guerriere
  • USS Constellation Hull Design (NARA)
  • USS Wasp
     • Cruise of Wasp (T. Roosevelt, 1895)  • More
  • Pacific cruise of USS Essex (1812-1814)
  • Battle of Fayal (Faial) (Sep 1814)  • More
       • More  • More  • Poem
       • The 'General Armstrong' Privateer (T. Roosevelt, 1895)
       • Capt. Samuel Reid  • More
       • History of the Wonderful Battle ..." (Reid, 1893)
       • "Victory at Fayal" (Wilkinson, 1978)
       • After Action Report (pdf)  • Search Option
       • Privateer Brig General Armstrong  • Brig
       • Privateers in War of 1812
           (includes General Armstrong & Battle of New Orleans)

       • Battle of Fayal (e-book exerpt, pp183-189)
       • A Daring Defense in the Azores (Nav. History Mag)
  • Loss of USS President (Jan 1815)  • More

    Creek War, 1813-1814
  • Creek War (1813-14)  • More
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend (Mar 1814 - NPS)

    Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
  • Mexican War (1846-1848)  • Overview Map
  • Battle of Palo Alto TX (8 May 1846)  • More
       • Weapons (post-Napoleonic era)

  • Napoleonic Wars  
  • Napoleonic Wars  • Portal  • Summary (WTJ)
  • Napoleon: His Impact and His Army (****)
       • The Revolutionary Army
       • The Napoleonic Imperial Army
  • Napolean: Background & History (Ch 4)
       • Tactics  • Empire Maps  • Links
       • Bonaparte Timeline (1769-1879)
       • La Marseillaise (music)
  • The Life of Napoleon (illustrated)
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       • History Channel
       • Napoleon Series
       • Channel4 (UK)
       • Rise & Fall of Napoleon (ThinkQuest)
          • Timeline    Final Years
       • Circumstances of Napoleon's Death
  • Napoleonic Wars  • Nations Involved
       • Oxford Companion to Military History
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       • Military Heritage.com
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       • HistoryNet.com
  • The Napoleon Series   • Index
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  • Napoleonic Warfare (Oxford US Mil History)
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  • Origins of Napoleonic Warfare

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       • Organization of the British Infantry
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  • Prussian Army During Napoleonic Wars
       • Prussian Infantry
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    Napoleon, His Army and His Enemies ****

    Napoleonic RMA
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  • Napoleonic RMA Case Study (Colin Gray, 122-50)
       • RMA Case Study (Calhoun, 52-56)
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          • More (pp 75-76)
  • Nations at Arms (Cambridge History of Warfare)
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  • Levée en Masse  • Text
  • Grande Armée ****
       • Grande Armée & Military Innovation
       • Development of The Corps D'Armée
       • Evolution of General Staff (1795-1815)
       • Evolution of French Doctrine (1792-1815)
       • Organization: French Infantry Demi-Brigade (1793)
  • Innovation in the Napoleonic Era
  • History of the Imperial Guard
       • Infantry of the Imperial Guard (detailed)
  • Napoleon's Use of His Imperial Guard
  • Grande Armée (Wikipedia)
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       • OB: X Corps de la Grande Arme in 1812
  • Napoleon, Operation Art & Jena Campaign
  • Napoleonic War and Logistics  • pdf

  • Bataillon Garde Marsch (audio)
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    Napoleonic Way of War:
        Organization, Weapons & Tactics
  • Napoleonic Strategy & Tactics
       • More  • More
  • Napolean as a Military Commander ( analysis)
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  • Napoleon & Maneuver Warfare (Harmon lecture)
       • 100 Days Campaign
  • Napoleon's Imperial Army   • Grande Armée
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       • Organization & Tactics (superb!)  • More
       • War Times Journal
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       • Age of Musket (French Revolutionary War tactics)
          • Peninsula War tactics
  • Napoleonic Wars Infantry Tactics  • Pt. 2
       • More Tactics (Pt. 1)  • Pt. 2
       • Lines  • Columns
       • Squares against cavalry (click link)  • Video
       • Skirmishers
  • Forming Square Battalions
  • French Army Tactics 1807 (eyewitness)
  • Napoleonic Artillery
       • Development & Tactics  • More  • Organization
       • Grande Batterie
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       • Organization & Tactics
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       • Rickard
  • 18th & Early 19th Century Artillery
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       • Napoleonic Infantry  • More
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       • Infantry Tactics  • Pt 2  • Pt 3  • Pt 4
       • Artillery Tactics
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  • Infantry Tactics (1803-1814)
  • Resurrecting the Lancers
  • Flags of the Napoleonic Wars

  • Napoleon's Campaigns  • Timeline
       • Napoleon's Campaigns (Wikipedia)  • Battles  • More
       • Campaigns & Battles (PBS)
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       • Napoleon Series Map Archives
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       • History of the Period
  • Napoleon & England  • Pt II
  • Plans to invade England (1797-1798)
  • Plans to invade England (1803-1805)
       • More (BBC)
  • Napoleon at the Boulogne Camp (1805)
       • e-book, 1907
       • Reenactment video
  • French Plans Prior to Trafalgar
  • Battle of Trafalgar (internal link)
  • War of the Third Coalition (1805)
  • Ulm-Austerlitz Campaign of 1805
  • Prelude to Austerlitz
  • Napoleon at Austerlitz (1805)
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       • Austerlitz (Intr'l Napoleon Society)
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  • Austerlitz and Jena
  • War of the Fourth Coalition (1806-1807)
  • Battles of Jena-đAuerstedt (Oct 1806)
  • Prussian Campaign of 1806
  • Scharnhorst, Prussian Reformer  • More
  • Battle of Heilsburg (1807; tactics)
  • Danube Campaign (1809, map)
  • Aspern-Essling (April 1809)  • Map: 1st Day

  • Wellington's Dispatches, 1808-1815

  • The Peninsular War (1807-14)
       • Campaign Overview Map  • Battles (Map)
       • The Peninsular War (detailed, military perspective)
       • The Peninsular War (detailed, geopolitical perspective)
       • The Peninsular War (overview)
  • "The Spanish Ulcer" ****
  • Napoleon's Guerrilla War
       • Disasters of War (Goya print series)
  • Battle of Bussaco (1810, pdf)
  • Soldier of the Seventy-first (British soldier, 1810)

  • Napoleon in Russia (1812)
       • Historical & Cultural Background  • 1812 Overture
       • Napoleon on Why He Would Not Attack Russia (1811)
       • Napoleon's Campaign in Russia Anno 1812 (e-book)
       • Overview (Wikipedia)  • March to Moscow
       • More  • More  • Images
       • La Grande Armée of 1812 in Russia
  • Napoleon in Russia (logistical analysis)
  • Advance into Russia (details)
  • Russian Campaign (animated map)
  • Napoleon's Campaign in Russia (e-book)
  • Battles in Russia (w/ map)
  • Battle of Borodino (Sep 1812)
       • Wikipedia  • More  • Commanders' Comments
       • Campaign prior to Borodina
       • Panarama & Map
       • Virtual Battle of Borodino
       • Comparing Battles of Gettysburg & Borodino  • pdf
       • Video from "War & Peace" (1967)
  • Napoleon in Moscow  • More (Moscow fire)
  • Napoleon's Retreat From Moscow
       • More
       • Crossing the Berezina River  • Map 1  • Map 2
          • Battle of Berezina (Nov 1812)
          • Building the Bridges at Berezina
       • Russian Campaign Artwork
       • Losses of Grande Armée (Minard Map)
  • Lessons Learned From Russian Campaign
  • Why Did Napoleon Fail in Russia in 1812?
  • Why Was Napoleon Defeated in Russia?  • Pt. 2
  • Minard: Russian Campaign (graphic)  • Overview
       • Map - Large Scale (translated)
       • Translations & Interpretations
       • Graphic Overlaid on Europe (w/ mouse overs)
       • More  • Variations
  • Russian Army During Napoleonic Wars

  • War of the Sixth Coalition (1810-1812)
  • German Campaign (Wars of Liberation, 1813-1814)
  • Battle of Leipzig ("Battle of Nations," Oct 1813)
     • More
       • Wikipedia  • More  • e-book
  • Battle of Paris (March 1814)

  • Waterloo Campaign  • Overview  • Map
       • Waterloo Pamphlet (extensive, 1915)  • e-book
       • Historic Sketch of Campaign of 1815
       • Battle of Waterloo (1836, excerpts)
       • Encyclopedia Britannica (1911)
       • Waterloo Battle Tours (campaign summary)
  • Plan of Campaign (1892)
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       • Oxford Companion to Military History
  • Prelude to Waterloo
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       • Movements, June 17-18  • Another (unit details)
       • Brussles & Vicinity (Movements to June 16)
       • Quatre-Bras & Ligny (June 16, 1815)
       • Situation, morning of June 18, 1815
  • Battle of Waterloo *** (detailed)  • More
       • The Waterloo Pamphlet  • More
       • Wikipedia  • Map
       • BritishBattles.com (maps & images)
       • History of War.org (Rickard: synopsis)
       • Waterloo: Historical Notes (good summary)
       • Waterloo Battlefield    • Chronology
          • Battle Details & 3D Map
       • Napoleonic Guide
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       • Napoleon at Waterloo Game
          • Historical Note on Battle of Waterloo
       • Synopsis (BBC - good overview)  • More  • More
          • Hougoumont Farm  • More
          • The Guards at Hougoumont
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       • Artwork of Waterloo
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          • Scots Greys  • More  • More
       • Video: Opening Moves  • Pt 2
          • From 1970 movie, "Waterloo" (Steiger & Plumber)
       • Ordinary Cavalryman's View
       • French Guard at Waterloo (cached)
       • Prussian Pursuit of French After Waterloo
  • Waterloo Battle Maps: 1000 hours (USMA)
          • 1600 hours  • 1930 hours
       • Situation: 1115 hrs (detailed map)    • 1945 hrs
       • Battle situation, 1900 hours (unit details)  • Another
       • Animated Map
       • Interactive Game (BBC)
       • Battle Simulator (PBS)
       • Summary Map (Wikipedia)    • Sharper
  • Waterloo Mocumentary (Art of War video, 5 parts)
       • Another version (true aspect ratio)
       • British Squares vs. French cavalry
       • Investigative Documentary (5 parts)
  • The Duke of Wellington (BBC)  • More
       • Wellington As Soldier
       • Wellington on Waterloo
  • Comparison of Wellington & Bonaparte
  • Controversy Over Prussian Role
  • Why Napoleon Lost  • More
       • Three Armies, Three Commanders
  • French OB  • British OB  • Prussian OB
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  • Uniforms of Waterloo
       • French Line Infantry
       • International Uniforms
  • Prussian Army 1815
  • Women at Waterloo
  • Waterloo Today  • Lion Hill

  • Prussian Pursuit of French After Waterloo
  • The Race to Paris (Prussians vs. British)
  • Napoleon After Waterloo
  • Napoleon's Surrender
       • Video Commentary
  • Napoleon at St. Helena  • Map
       • Comments from an aide
       • Napoleon in Exile  • More
       • Reports: Russian Commissioner to St. Helena
       • Description of Napoleon at St. Helena
       • Napoleon and the Children of St. Helena
       • St. Helena: 'Cursed Rock' of Napoleon's Exile
  • Return of Napoleon's Body to France (1840)

  • Lessons From Napoleon
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  • Napoleon as a Military Commander
  • Napoleon Series (multi-topic research)

  • Napoleonic War Casualties  • Details
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  • Legacies of the Napoleonic Revolution
  • Bonapartists in America (1815-1850)

  • Europe 1815-1848 (animated map)


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    American Civil War
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       • More
  • Naming the American Civil War
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       • James F. Epperson
       • William L. Barney, US Mil History Companion
       • Dummies.com
       • Documents  • Consequences
       • Civil War History.com (Southern View)
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       • Univ. of Pittsburg (Political & Social Origins)
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       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
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       • Analysis (Wikipedia)
       • Contemporary News Account (Wikisource)
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       • Alt
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       • Economies of North & South
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  • America on the Eve of the Civil War (PBS)
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  • First Shots? (Before Sumter, Jan 1861)
  • Fort Sumter, SC (3rd System fort)
       • Fort Sumter National Monument (NPS e-booklet)
  • Crisis at Fort Sumter  • Background
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  • Civil War Timeline (linked)
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  • The Civil War & International Diplomacy (DoS)
       • Preventing Recognition of the CSA
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       • US Mil History Companion (pp. 134-38)
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       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
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  • A World on Fire (UK-US relation, review)
  • British Sympathies in Civil War (JSTOR)  • GT Only
  • Slavery As A Diplomatic Issue (JSTOR, 1945)
  • Confederate Diplomacy (JSTOR, 1966)
  • Civil War Diplomatic Sites in London

  • Military & Diplomatic Course of the War

  • Strategic Overview (Grimsley)
       • Synopsis
       • Overview of Civil War Strategies (map)
  • Civil War Strategy & Tactics
       • Civil War Home
       • More (RCMH - cashed)
       • Middle Tennessee State U (summary)
       • Millitary Art in the Civil War
       • Northern Strategy  • Southern Strategy
       • Command & Strategy (book review)
  • Mobility & Strategy in the Civil War
       • Full Article (JSTOR - GT only)
  • Clausewitz, Jomini & the US Civil War
       • Full Article (JSTOR - GT only)
  • Union Strategy (map - PBS)  • More
  • Developing The Union Strategy (eHistory)
  • North/South Strengths/Weaknesses
  • North-South Balance Sheet
  • Development of Union Strategy
  • Union Grand Strategy (lesson plan)
  • First Civil War Strategy (Anacoda Plan)
  • Simultaneous Attack Strategy (1864)
  • Attrition Strategy
  • Confederate Vision & Strategy
  • Southern Strategy
  • Confederate Tide Rising (Strategy, 1861-62)
  • Taken at the Flood (Confed Strategy, 1862)
  • Strategy of the Civil War Leaders
  • Impact of Napolean on S & T
  • Why Lee Invaded Maryland (1862)
  • Strategy for Gettysburg Campaign
  • Gettysburg's Decisive Battle (Mil Review, 2004)

  • Developing Campaigns: Op Art in the Civil War
  • Operational Level of the War
  • Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization (review)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
       • More  • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
       • More  • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • U.S. Grant and Operations
  • Interior Lines of Communication  • More
  • Operational Art in the Civil War
    Major Campaigns of the Civil War (map)
  • Why a War of Attrition
  • The Operations of War (1869, e-book)
  • Organization of the Armies  • More  • More
       • Army CMH  • More  • More  • More
       • More  • More  • More  • More
  • Command & Control in Civil War
  • A Prussian Observes the American Civil War (e-book)
       • Overview
       • Lessons Learned

  • Evolution of Civil War Tactics (staff ride)
  • US Army, 1846-1861 (Grimsley)
  • US Regulars Archive (tactics portal)
       • Casey's Infantry Tactics (1862; e-book)
       • History of US Infantry Tactics (1855-65)
       • Instruction for Field Artillery (1861; e-book)
       • Cooke's Cavalry Tactics (1862; e-book)
       • On the Tactical Use of Three Arms (1865)
  • Civil War Tactics (outline)
  • Civil War Tactics (Morffew)
  • Civil War Tactics (VaCCS)
  • Evolution of CW Tactics (Jomini impact)
  • Impact of Weapons on Tactics (Jensen)
       • Video  • Video
  • Infantry Tactics (US Army, 1861)
  • Influence of Napoleon on Civil War Tactics
  • Civil War Tactics in Perspective
  • West Point's Impact on Tactic (Livingston)
  • Civil War Infantry Tactics (WTJ)
  • CW Infantry Assault Tactics (JSTOR)
  • Innovations in Infantry Tactics 1850-1865
  • Military Art [tactics] in CW
  • Rifled Musket Tactics
  • Infactry Organization & Tactics  • More
  • Sharpshooters  • Sharpshooter Uniforms
  • US Army Cavalry Tactics (1862)
  • Civil War Cavalry (NPS)
  • Cavalry Tactics: Civil War & Europe
       • More
  • Evolution of the Field Artillery Battery (pdf)
  • Artillery Deployment at First Bull Run (pdf)  • Alt
  • Civil War Artillerists
       • Henry Jackson Hunt, USA
       • Edward Porter Alexander, CSA
       • Stephen D. Lee, CSA
       • John Pelham, CSA
  • Union Deception

  • Industrial Revolution & Warfare
       • Evolution of Modern Warfare
       • Impact & Major Trends
  • Technology & the Am Civil War (Mil Review, 2004)
  • The First Modern War
  • Civil War & Industrial Revolution
  • Civil War Technology (Tennessee)
  • CW Technology - Old, New, Expmtl
  • Civil War Tech: What Was In & Out
  • Military Developments in the War
  • Weapons & Ships (photos)
  • Civil War Weapons (outline)  • Clipart
       • Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War
       • Weapons of the Civil War (Paine)
       • Smithsonian Institution
  • Grenades in the Civil War
  • Civil War Era Firearms  • More
       • Civil War Firearms (e-book, NetLibrary)
       • Civil War Small Arms (Anglefire)
       • Small Arms (National Park Service)
  • Guns of the Civil War (video)
  • Rifles vs. Smoothbores (use of buck & ball)
  • Rifled Muskets (loading instructions)
  • Spencer Rifle
  • Rapid-Fire Guns of the American Civil War
  • Gatling Gun (internal link)  • In Civil War
  • Civil War Artillery (NPS)
  • Introduction to Civil War Artillery (ehistory)
  • Civil War Artillery (technical) (IE)
  • Civil War Artillery Portal (Univ SDakota)
  • Civil War Artillery Characteristics
  • Civil War Artillery Page
  • Encyclopedia of Civil War Artillery
  • Summary of Heavy Artillery
  • Artillery Pieces of Civil War
  • Civil War Artillery
       • Basics & Terminology  • Ammunition
       • 12-pound Field Guns (including Napoleons)
       • Rodmans & Confederate Columbiads
          • More    • More
          • Rodmans at Fort McHenry, 1840-1865
       • Brooke Rifles & Smoothbores
       • Dahlgren Rifles & Guns
       • Parrott Rifles  • More  • Projectiles
       • Civil War Forts & Batteries
       • Siege Artillery
  • Civil War Artillery (models)  • More
  • Civil War Naval Ordnance (history)

  • Federal & Confedrate Arms Manufacturers
  • Civil War Arms & Equipmt (Nat Archieves)  • Pt 2
  • West Point Foundry  • pdf
  • Tredegar Iron Works  • More

  • Gun Inventors
       • Thomas Rodman  • Alt  • Alt
       • Admiral John A. B. Dahlgren  • More
       • Robert P. Parrott  • Obituray

  • Signal Corps in Civil War
       • Signal Flags
  • Beardslee Telegraph Machine
  • Military Telegraph Service  • More  • Portal
  • Code-Breaking in the Civil War
  • Balloons in the Civil War  • More
       • T. S. C. Lowe Narrative
       • Balloon over Yorktown
       • Proposal: Balloons for Bombing (cached)
  • Civil War Photographs **** (The Atlantic)
       • Pt. 2  • Pt. 3
       • Library of Congress  • More  • More
  • The Birth of Photojournalism (CBS)
  • Mathew Brady & Impact of Photography
       • Brady's Photo Gallery (Smithsonian)
       • Brady's Photos of Antietam Dead
  • Battlefield War Council (Timothy O'Sullivan)
  • Civil War Art (Don Troiani)  • Battle Scenes
  • Civil War Times Archives
  • Civil War History Archives
  • America's Civil War Archives
  • Civil War Photographs (NARA)
  • Civil War Talk Web Rings

  • Bloody Crucible of Courage
          (book review, evolution of tactics)


  • American Civil War - Land
  • American Military History 1861 (CMH, 2005)
       • 1862  • 1863  • 1864-5
  • War of the Rebellion (official reports)  • eHistory
       • Occompaning Atlas
       • Costliest Battles  • Casualty Figures
       • Full document
  • Organization of the Armies  • More  • More
       • Union Army Generic Organization (graphic)
       • Army CMH  • More  • More  • More  • More
       • More  • More
  • Campaign & Battle Maps (USMA)
       • Jespersen's Civil War Maps  • More
       • American Civil War.com
       • Battle Maps  • More (PBS)
       • Map: Union Control 1861-65 (CMH)
       • Map: Areas of Operation (CMH)
          • Eastern Theater (CMH)     • Basic Map (USMA)
       • Civil War Battlefield Virtual Tours
       • Civil War Electronic Maps
  • Civil War Battle Apps® (guides for iPones)
       • Battlefield Panaramic Photos
  • Civil War Overview (campaign thumbnails)
       • List of Battles (Wikipedia)
       • Encyclopedia Britannica
       • Civil War at a Glance
          • Major Campaigns of the War (USMA map)
          • Eastern Theater  • Western Theater
          • Union Strategy in West (w/ map)
       • Civil War Prelude (animated map, ppt)
       • Civil War Overview (animated map, ppt)
       • War in the East, 1862 (animated map, ppt)
       • Battles & Leaders (1887)
       • Battlefields (NPS)
       • Battle Guide (RCMH)
       • Major Battles
          • By State  • More  • More
       • Civil War Unit DB
       • Battle Stastics and Thumbnails
  • Virginia in the Civil War
       • Battles in Virginia
       • Map of Battles in Virginia (1892, detailed 2.9 MB)
  • History of the Army of the Potomac
  • Staff Rides
  • Washington Defenses (NPS, e-book)
       • Interactive Map (NPS)
  • Manassas to Appomatox (Longstreet)
  • Battlefield Links (NPS)  • More
  • Campaigns & Battles  • Major Battles
  • Battles by Campaign (NPS)
  • Battle Summaries (NPS)
  • Battlefields in the Southeast
  • War in the Western Theater (e-book)
  • Virtual Battlefield Tours
  • First Blood (Baltimore, April 19, 1861)
       • Federal Hill in Civil War
  • Manassas Campaigns (NPS)
       • Campaign Battles (map, pdf)
  • Manassas/Bull Run (1861 & 1862, NPS)
       • First Manassas (NPS Lesson)  • More
       • First Bull Run Staff Guide
       • First Manassas Map (USMA)  • CMH  • More
       • First Manassas (Charlie Gower)
  • Artillery at 1st Bull Run
  • War Watchers at Bull Run  • Alt
  • "The Congressmen Came Out to See Bull Run" (Benet)
  • Ball's Bluff (Oct 1861)
  • Confederate Heartland Offensive (Ky, Tn)
  • Battle of Shilo (Apr 1862)
       • Map (CMH)  • Period Map (excellent detail)
  • Second Manassas (Aug 1862)
  • Shenandoah Valley Battles
       • Importance  • Strategy  • Campaigns
       • Campaign Battles (map, pdf)
  • Peninsular Campaign (Sum 1862, NPS)
       • Wikipedia  • Campaign Map
       • Campaign Battles (map, CMH)  • Va. State map
       • Union Naval Attack on Drewery's Bluff (May 1862)
       • Union Naval Support at Malvern Hill (July 1862)
  • Peninsular Campaign (portal)
  • Why Lee Invaded Maryland (1862)
       • Lee Moves North
       • Maps: Maryland Campaign (day-by-day)
       • Map: Maryland Campaign (tourist, pdf)
  • Antietam (Sept 1862, portal)
       • Campaign (Union view)  • Confederate view
       • Antietam On the Web
       • Detailed Battle Maps    • Period Map (detailed)
       • Antietam Timeline
       • Antietam (animated map, ppt)
       • Antietam Stafff Ride Guide
       • NPS Portal  • Casualties  • Park Map (pdf)
       • Military History Online
  • Lee's Lost Order No. 191  • More
  • Capture of Harper's Ferry (Sept 1862)  • Map
  • Brady's Photos of Antietam Dead
  • Fredericksburg (Dec 1862)  • Details
       • Map (CMH)
       • Period Map (detailed but rustic)
  • Fredericksburg: Gettysburg for Other Side
  • Stones River (Dec '62-Jan '63)
       • Map (CMH)  • Maps (NPS)
       • Stones River/Murfreesboro (NPS Lesson)
  • Chancellorsville (May 1-3, 1863)
       • Map (CMH)  • More (NPS)
       • The Campaign of Chancellorsville (text file)
  • Gettysburg Campaign (NPS)  • Map
       • Situation, June 1, 1863 (USMA map)
       • Engagements (1 Jun-26 Jul 1863)
          • Map (19-24 Jun)  • Map (25-28 Jun)
       • Campaign Battles in Maryland (map, pdf)
  • Strategy for Gettysburg Campaign
  • Gettysburg (Jul 1-3, 1863, NPS)
       • More  • More  • More
       • Gettysburg National Military Park Guide (NPS)
       • Multimedia Description of Battle
       • Orders of Battle: • USA  • CSA
       • Prelude to Battle (strategy)  • More
       • Day 1  • More Detail  • Map (pdf)
       • Day 2  • More Detail  • Map (pdf)
       • Day 3  • More Detail  • Map (pdf)
       • Gettysburg: Third Day
       • Night Battle For Cemetery Hill
       • Battle for Little Round Top
       • Little Round Top After Action  • pdf
       • Pickett's Charge (Jul 3, 1863)
       • Picket's Charge: Lee's Mistake of All Mistakes
       • Picket's Charge (Cyclorama)
  • Gettysburg Maps (USMA)  • Day 2  • Day 3
       • Echos of Gettysburg: Day 1  • Day 2  • Day 3
       • Retreat from Gettysburg (Jul 4-13)
       • Maps: All three days (good detail)  • Summary map
       • CMH  • Three-day Overview (B&W)
       • Battle Timeline & Maps
       • Maps of Individual Actions
       • Battlefield 1:50K Map (1904)
       • Large Period Maps
       • Period Map (Willcox; detailed)
       • Period Map (LOC-Ditterline; detailed)
       • Period Map - Day 2 (highly detailed)
       • Gettysburg Battlefield (game quality, png)
       • Battlefield Panarama (Pennsylvania RR)
       • Newspaper Reports of the Battle
       • Animated Map: Day 1  • Day 2  • Day 3
  • Gettysburg: Discussion & links
       • Gettysburg's Decisive Battle (Mil Review, 2004)
       • Gettysburg: Narrative & Maps
       • MilHistory Online
       • Gettysburg (description & multimedia)
  • 1st Minn Volunteers (highest casualties)
  • Aftermath of Gettysburg
  • Generals at Gettysburg  • More
       • A Study in Command (book review)
  • Lee at Gettysburg (critique of his decisions)
  • Gettysburg: Official Histories
  • Comparing Gettysburg & Borodino  • pdf
  • Gettysburg Monuments (photos)

  • Fort Wagner SC & 54th Mass (18 Jul 1863)
       • Fort Wagner details
  • Vicksburg Campaign (Dec 1862-Jul 1863)  • pdf
       • Map (American Civil War)  • Map (CMH)
  • Failed Attack on Vicksburg (May 1863)
  • Valley Campaigns of 1864

  • Chickamauga (Sep 1863)
       • Chickamauga Prelude  • Battle
       • Map (period, color)  • Map (1863)  • Map (1895)
       • Staff Ride Handbook
  • Chattanooga Campaign (Sep-Nov 1863)
       • More  • Map (CMH)
  • Army of the Cumberland (Battle Reports)
       • Atlanta  • Chickamauga
  • Fort Wagner and the 54th Massachusetts
  • The Atlanta Campaign  • More
       • Chronology
  • Sherman, Atlanta & The Sinews of War
  • Georgia Battle Map  • Map (CMH)  • Map
       • Map Portal (scroll down)
  • Attlanta Campaign Battle App® (for iPhones)
  • Kennesaw Mountain
  • The Battles for Atlanta
       • Battle of Peachtree Creek  • More  • More
          • Peachtree Creek Digital Map
       • Battle of Atlanta  • More  • More  • Map  • Map
          • War in Our Backyard (AJC interactive)
          • Battle of Atlanta Digital Map Project
          • Battle of Atlanta Tour App
       • Battlefield Photos, Then & Now
          • Maps: Troop Movements, Atlanta Campaign
          • Map: Atlanta Defenses (color)  • Another
          • MGen James Birdseye McPherson  • More
          • Eyewitness to Battle of Atlanta
          • Map: Federal Defenses After Fall of Atlanta
  • Sherman: Ltr to Atlanta Mayor  • Alt
  • Sherman Takes Atlanta (Jensen)
  • Why was Atlanta an Important Target?
  • Visiting Battle of Atlanta Today
       • Guide to Battle of Atlanta Landmarks (AJC)
       • Battle of Atlanta Walking Tour
       • Atlanta Campaign Tour Guide (book)
  • After Atlanta
  • Sherman's March to the Sea (PBS)
  • March to the Sea (NGeorgia.com)
       • Wikipedia
       • March to the Sea (thumbnail)
       • University of Georgia (documents, narratives)
          • Campaign Map
       • Son of the South.net
       • eHistory
       • Grant's Guidance to Sherman
       • Mocumentray video
  • Sherman's March to the Sea (c 1901)
  • Was Sherman a War Criminal? (AJC)
  • Sherman's March & Law of War (video lecture) D-Day message
  • Andersonville (NPS)
       • Sherman's Inabililty to Liberate Andersonville
  • Sherman's March Through NC
       • Campaign Battles (map, pdf)
  • Battle for Charleston (POWs as shields)
  • Last Confederate Shot At Washington (Jul 1864)
       • Battle of Monocacy (Jul 1864)
  • Overland Campaign (4 May - 15 Jun 1864)  • Map
       • Staff Ride Handbook (pdf)
  • Wilderness & Spotsylvania CH
       • Wilderness, May 5-7, 1864
       • Spotsylvania Court House, May 7-19, 1864
  • Cold Harbor (May-June 1864)  • More
  • Wilderness to Petersburg  • Map (CMH)  • Map
       • Campaign Battles (map, pdf)
  • St. Albans VT Raid (Oct 1864)  • Detail  • More
  • Richmond Campaign (1864-65, NPS)
  • Petersburg (1864-65, NPS)
       • Battles  • Sequential Maps  • Quiz
       • Final Assault at Petersburg
       • Attack on Fort Stedman
       • Railroad Gun (photo)
       • Petersburg Map (large file)
       • Siege of Petersburg & Impact on Citizens
  • Richmond (NPS)
       • Evacuation of Richmond (eyewitness)
  • Retreat to Appomattox (map, pdf)
  • Lee's Surrender
  • Johnston's Surrender to Sherman in North Carolina
  • The Last Battle (Texas, May 1865)
  • Fortifications in the War
  • Lieber's Code (ROE, April 1863)
  • Digest of Military & Naval Laws (CSA, 1864)
  • The Civil War Armies (portal)

  • The Civil War Soldier (NPS)  • More  • More
  • "Citizen Soldiers: Why They Fought" (NPS)
  • What Motivated Soldiers to Fight
  • The Confederate Infantry Private
  • Civil War Camp Life  • More
  • Soldier Life  • More  • More (statistics)
  • Soldier Life - Road to Atlanta
  • Civil War Casualty Figures (detailed)
       • Regimental Losses
  • Feeding the Soldier
  • Food & Rations in the Civil War
  • Hardtack Specification
  • Soldier Training & Equipment
  • Equipment of a Cvil War Infantryman
  • Civil War Medicine  • More  • More
  • Statistics  • More
  • Problems of Returning Soldiers
  • Civil War Soldiers' Experience (Lesson Plan)

  • Military Leadership of the North & South
  • On the Trail of Grant & Lee (e-book)
  • Memoirs: Grant, Sherman & Sheridan
  • Memoirs (U.S. Grant, e-book)
       • Alternate (searchable)  • Excerpts
  • U. S. Grant: Triumph Over Adversity (bio, e-book)
  • Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant (Fuller, e-book)
  • Memoirs (W. T. Sherman, Guenberg)
       • Vol I, Pt. 2    • Vol II, Pt. 3  • Vol II, Pt. 4
  • Memoirs (W. T. Sherman, e-book)  • Alt
       • Excerpts: Shilo to Memphis
  • Sherman's Last Speech (31 Jan 1891)
  • Sherman: Bio & Links  • Quotations
  • Sherman in Europe (1872)
  • Sherman and the "Indirect Approach"
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Admiral Farragut by Alfred Thayer Mahan
  • Personal Memoir of P. H. Sheridan  • Alt
  • Letters of Gen. Geo. Pickett, CSA
  • The South's Feuding Generals
  • Personal narratiave, VMI cadet

    Lessons Learned
  • Decline of the Decisive Battle  • pdf
  • Why the North Won the Civil War  • More
  • Why the North Won and the South Lost
  • Lessons Learned By Europe (JSTOR)
  • Lessons From A Prussian Observes (e-book excerpt)

  • After the War: A Southern Tour (e-book)

    Civil War - Total War
  • American Origins of Total War, 1860-1880 (JSTOR)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Total War (Wikipedia)
  • The South at War 1861-65 (Grimsley)
  • The Road to Total War (Grimsley)
  • 1864-65: Total War (Grimsley: book excerpt)
  • The Hard Hand of War (Grimsley, GoogleBook)
       • Review (Janda; JSTOR: GT only)
       • Review (Howey)  • Review (Feltman)
  • Lincoln, Pope and the Origins of Total War
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Sherman and Total War
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Sherman's March & Law of War
       • Notes
  • Lieber's Code (ROE, April 1863)
  • Total War in South vs. Frontier (Grimsley)
  • Mobilizing for Total War (Jensen)
  • British Lessons from US Civil War

  • American Civil War - Sea
  • Civil War At Sea  • Intro  • Overview
       • Dakota State University (portal)
       • US Naval Historical Center
          • Chronology of War at Sea (NHC)  • Alt
       • Detailed Chronology
       • Civil War @ Smithsonian
       • Short History of War at Sea
       • The Naval War (Grimsley -- scoll down)
       • War at Sea (annoying audio)
       • Civil War Naval Bibliography
  • Naval Strategy of the Civil War
       • More (details of both sides; pdf)
  • Official Naval Records (both sides)
       • Operations of the Cruisers (Jan 1861-Jan 1863)
       • Vol. II (Jan 1863-Mar 1864)
       • Vol. III (Apr 1864-Dec 1865)

  • Civil War Naval Forces
  • Index of Civil War Naval Ships
  • Civil War Ship Types
  • Americam Naval Flags of the Civil War  • More

  • Union Navy During Civil War
  • Union Navy Ships
  • Life on a Union Warship
  • USS Constellation  • History  • Restoration
  • USS Constitution during Civil War
  • Weapons & Ships of Civil War
  • Mine Warfare in the Civil War

  • Confederate Navy  • More  • Alt  • More
       • Confederate Navy Ships  • More (w/ photos)
  • Confederate Naval Strategy (w James Bulloch)
  • James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederate Agent
       • More  • More  • More  • After the War
       • Secret Service of CSA in Europe (Bulloch)  • Details
          • Vol. 2  • Details
  • Matthew Maury & the South's Gunboat War
  • Confederate Naval Buildup
  • Confederate Naval Buildup: Too Little, Too Late
  • Confederate Navy Research Center

  • Blockading the South
       • Anaconda Plan  • More
          • NY Times commentary (June 1863)
       • Union Blockade, 1861-1865 (essay, pdf)
       • Union Blockade (Wikipedia)
       • The Blockade Board & Union Naval Strategy
       • Overview (Grimsley)  • More (Jensen)  • More
       • Proclamation of Blockade  • Legal Ramifications
       • Initiating the Blockade  • More
       • Blockade Organization  • Blockade Ops
       • Blockade Strategy Board Reports
       • Blockade & Diplomacy (Jensen)
       • Naval Operations, SE US, 1861-62 (map, USMA)
  • Blockade Impact: Brsitish Cotton Famine
  • Legal Issues of the Blockade (JSTOR)
  • Blockade Runners
  • Blockade Runners Through Bermuda
  • Fort Fisher NC & The Blockade
  • Ironclads & Blockade Runners
       • Disposition of Ships

  • Battle of Hampton Roads
       • Naval Historical Center  • Short video
          • Documents of Battle
       • First Clash of Iron-Clads (eHistory)  • Original (1885)
       • AmericanCivilWar.com (w/ artwork)
       • Dispatches from Hampton Roads
       • CSS VIrginia In the Battle
       • Confederate View From the Shore  • Original (1885)
       • LT John Worden (Harper's, Mar 1862)
       • How the Cumberland Went Down
       • After the Battle
       • Hampton Roads: Most Decisive Draw
       • Dummies.com
       • Map of Battle (ship locations)  • Another
       • Image of Battle (south from Ft. Monore: ship locations)
       • Image Essay  • More Images

  • Personal Accounts: Buchanan (Virgina's Captain)
       • Notes from the surgeon of the Virginia (eHistory)
       • Crewmember Accounts (CSSVirginia.org)
       • Lt. Samuel Green (XO, "Inside Monitor Turret")  • More

  • USS Monitor  • More  • More (NHC)
       • History & Restoration (video)
       • Virtual tour of Monitor
       • Background (Gideon Welles, SECVNAV)
       • More  • More  • Negotiations
       • Building Monitor (Ericsson)  • More
       • USS Monitor - plans (1862)
       • Turret Detail  • Turret Mechanisim
       • Virtual Tour of Turret
       • Later Actions  • Drewery's Bluff  • Malvern Hill
       • Loss of Monitor  • Eyewitness Account
       • Monitor Photos (July 1862)  • Images (NHC)
       • Monitor Digital Restoration
       • Battle, Loss & Recovery  • Turret Recovery
       • Documenting USS Monitor
       • Monitor Artifacts
  • War, Technology & Experience Aboard Monitor

  • CSS Virginia  • Images
         • Background  • History (NHC)
       • USS Merrimack (1855-1861)
         • Later Actions   • End of Virginia
  • Planning & Construction of "Merrimac"
  • CSS Virginia Development & Technology
  • Building Virginia (w/ Freeman painting)
  • Virginia's Second Sortie (April 11, 1862)

  • Ironclads (portal)
  • Early Ironclad Technology  • More
       • Euopean Ironclads (Harper's, Feb 1861)
  • Ironclads of the Civil War  • International Overview
  • Union Ironclads  • Monitors
       • Period Illustrations (Harper's Weekly)
       • USS Monitor (internal link)
       • USS Galena  • More (Civil War Times, Feb 08)
       • Harper's Weekly, April 5, 1862
       • USS New Ironsides  • Harper's Weekly, 6 Sep 1862
       • USS Keokuk  • More
  • Confederate Ironclads
  • CSS/USS Atlanta
  • Confederate Ram Albermarle
  • CSS Neuse
  • Ironclad Digital Art  • More (cached)
  • Cmdr. James Bullock, Confederate Master Spy
  • Laird Rams  • More  • More
  • The Man Who Stopped the Laird Rams

  • Confederate Cruisers  • More
  • James Dunwoody Bulloch, CSA Agent  • More
       • "When Liverpool Was Dixie"(Bulloch's operation)
       • Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe
  • Raider CSS Georgia
  • CSS Florida  • More
       • CSS Florida (e-book, NetLibrary)
       • Oreto / Florida Image
  • CSS Alabama  • Resources  • Documents
       • Expeditions & Prizes  • Voyage Map (interactive)
       • Detailed History  • More  • More
          • More  • More  • More (NHC)  • More
       • Ship Description (Semmes)  • Eye-Witness Image
       • Only known photograph (Singapore, Dec 1863)  • More
       • Images  • More  • More  • More  • More  • More
       • Model  • Model  • Laird Model  • Plans
  • Building CSS Alabama (BBC, Liverpool history)
       • Liverpool and the US Civil War
  • James Dunwoody Bulloch & Alabama (internal link)
  • CSS Alabama: The British Connection
       • Laird Contract  • Detail  • Spy Reports
       • Background  • Escape from Liverpool  • Career
  • CSS Alabama Association  • Period Documents
  • Pirate Ship "Alabama" (Harpers, 1 Nov 1862) (scroll)
       • Description of Alabama and its operation (scroll)
       • Cruise of the Alabama (Harpers)
       • Winslow Homer Illustration (Harpers, 25 Apr 1863)
  • Captain Raphael Semmes  • Detailed Bio
       • More (Harpers, 3 Jan 1863)  • Historynet.com  • More
  • Alabama defeats USS Hatteras (Jan 1863)
  • Alabama's Battle Ensigns
  • Cruise of the Alabama and Sumter (Semmes)
       • Escape to the Azores (scroll: Chapter XII =>)
  • Memoirs of Service Afloat ... (Semmes)  • Details
  • Our Cruise in the CSS Alabama (1863)
  • Recollections of a Naval Life ... Alabama (John Kell)
  • Shark of the Confederacy (Google book)
  • USS Kearsarge  • History  • More  • More
       • USS Kearsarge photo  • More
  • Battle of Cherbourg (19 June 1864)  • More
       • Details of Ships, Battle  • Images  • Another
       • Detailed Description (official reports)
       • Captains' After-Action Reports  • Semmes' Report
       • Sinking of the Alabama (Harpers, 14 Jul 1863)
       • Documents on Kearsarge vs. Alabama
  • "Battle Between Kearsarge & Alabama" (Smith)
  • Alabama & Kearsarge (e-book, NetLibrary)
       • Review  • pdf  • Another  • Another
  • The End of the Alabama  • Alt
  • The Alabama Claims  • More
  • CSS Shenandoah: Last of the Rebal Raiders
       • Shenandoah Claims

  • Charleston Harbor (Apr 1863)
       • Details  • More  • More
       • Ericsson Raft (torpedo deflector)
       • CSS Chicora  • CSS Palmetto State
       • Charleston (Harper's image, 1861)
  • Battle of Mobile Bay (Aug 1864)  • More  • More
       • Graphc Depiction of Battle
       • Map of Battle  • Another  • Painting
       • CSS Tennessee at Mobile Bay
       • Tennessee vs. Hartford, Mobile Bay (Aug 6, 1864)
  • David Glosgow Farragut
       • USS Hartford (model)
  • Farragut at Port Hudson

  • Civil War Submarines
       • Submarine model images
  • CSS Hunley  • More (Wikipedia)
       • History & Description  • Model  • More
       • Hunley Schematic (1902, cached)
       • Engineering Details  • More  • Torpedo
       • Digital Art
       • Impact on the Blockade
       • USS Housatonic
       • Documents on Sinking of USS Housatonic
  • Hunley Recovery Portal  • Index  • More
       • Theories on Hunley Sinking  • More  • More
       • Single Bullet Theory
  • CSS David (semi-submersible)

  • Tinclads - River Warships
  • David Dixon Porter
  • Admiral Porter's Ironclad Hoax
  • Winans Cigar Ships
  • Civil War Naval Art
  • National Civil War Naval Museum
       • CSS Jackson
  • CSS Cairo
  • Battle for the Western Rivers (archived)
  • Conquest of the Lower Mississippi

    Economics of the War
  • Economics of the Civil War
  • Impact of the Cotton Trade  • More
  • Cotton and Its Role in the Civil War
  • Impact of Blockade (book review)
  • Why the North Won
  • Society & Ideology
  • Transportation & Supply
  • CW Industry & Technology

    Logistics
  • Mobilizing for Total War
       • More
  • Logistics in the Civil War
       • More (Livingston)
  • Strategic Supply of Civil War Armies
  • Raising Two Great Armies
  • US Quartermaster Department (1861-63)
  • CW Logistics Portal
  • Opening the "Cracker Line" (E Tennessee)
       • Steamer that opened the "Cracker Line"
  • Supplying the Atlanta Campaign
  • City Point, VA, Supply Depot
  • Stiver Quartermaster series: Supporting Victory
       • Lifeline to Victory
       • Gateway to Victory
  • Merchant Marine in Civil War
  • Studebaker Supply Wagon

    Railroads in the Civil War
  • Railroads: Key to Strategy  • pdf
  • Railroads in Civil War  • Photos
       • Map: SE Railroads (1861, USMA)
       • Railroads of the Confederacy (b&w map; RR names)
       • Military Railroads  • Map  • 1863 map
       • Civil War Railroads (Tennessee)
  • Confederate Railroads (detailed)
  • Decline of Confederate Railraods (pdf)
  • Confederate Military Railroads
  • Confederate Railroad Construction Plans
  • Builders of Confederate Locomotives
  • Confederate Track Manufacture
  • The Great Locamotive Chase
  • Substituting Food For Cotton
  • City Rail Gaps
  • River Transportation

    Civil War - Home Front
  • The Civil War Homefront (NPS)
       • More    • More  • Lesson Plan
  • Home Front Links:  • North  • South
  • Two Communities in the Civil War
  • Home Front Balance Sheet (1861, Richard Jensen)
       • Home Front 1862  • Impact of Total War
  • Women in the War (Harper's Weekly)  • Story
  • Northern Home Front (Jensen: portal)
       • Rhodes, History of the Civil War (pp 341-364)
  • Southern Home Front
       • Failure of the Confederate Home Front 1863-65
       • The War for States' Rights
       • NC Museum of History  • More
       • Richard Jensen (portal)
       • Mary Chestnut, A Diary From Dixie (1905)
          • Background  • More
       • Rhodes, History of the Civil War (pp 366-397)
       • Civil War in Georgia (About North Georgia.com)
  • General Order 100 & Military Government
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Southern Views of the War  • More
  • Hard Times in the Confederacy (article, 1888)
  • Partisan Warfare in the Civil War
  • Confederate Irregular Warfare
  • Manpower Policies (Grimsley)
  • Union Draft  • More (Livingston)  • More
  • Confederate Conscription
       • Conscription and Conflict in the Confederacy (review)
  • Conscription in the Civil War (1915)
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • NY City Draft Riots (Jul 1863)
       • In the Shadow of Slavery (excerpt)
       • Civil War Homepage
       • Wikipedia  • More
       • Causes & Effects (essay: Alex Blankfein)
       • Harper's Weekly (August 1, 1863)
       • The Great Riots of New York (1873; pp.136-288)
       • Eyewitness AccountConfederate Draft
  • Harper's Weekly, 1861-65  • Cartoons
  • Century Magazine (period articles on CW life)  • Alt
  • Lincoln's Letter to Mrs. Bixby (lost 5 sons)

  • Lasting Impact of Civil War on U.S.

  • US Army in Reconstruction & Indian Wars
  • US Army in the Occupation,1865đ1877


  • Return to Top

    Other 19th Century Wars
  • Wars of the 19th Century
  • Wars of the 19th Century
  • Industrial Revolution & Warfare (19th c.)
       • Evolution of Modern Warfare
       • Impact & Major Trends
       • Timeline: 19th c. Tech & War
       • Industrial Revolution (internal)
  • 19th Century Warfare
  • Infantry Assault Tactics (1850-1918)  • alt  • pdf
  • Primer on 19th c Warfare (Calvert)

  • Sea Battles, 1882-1918

  • Casualty Stastics, 19th Century Wars

  • Europe After 1815
  • Congress of Vienna
  • The Victorian Army (1854)
       • The Victorian Soldier

  • Mexican War (Wikipedia)
       • Maps (USMA Atlas)  • CMH
       • Notes on the Mexican War (Calvert)
       • Overview (Grimsley)
       • Infoplease.com (C³)
  • Mexican War (About.com)
       • Roots of the Mexican War
       • Summary of the war
  • US Weapons of the Mexican-American War
  • US Artillery & Rockets @ Veracruz
  • The Campaign for Monterrey
  • Logistics in the Mexican War

  • US Army, 1846-1861 (Grimsley)
       • History of the 2nd Dragoons
       • Birth of the Dragoons

  • European Revolutions of 1848
       • French  • German  • Italian
  • The Dynasties Recover (1849)

  • Crimean War, 1853-56  • More  • More
  • Crimean War Site

  • Westward Expansion  • Animated Maps
  • The West (PBS)  • Other Links
  • Westward Trails (animated maps)
  • The Oregon Trail  • More (e-book)
  • 1865 Wagon Train (narrative)
  • The North American Indian (e-book)
       • Map: Indian Tribal Areas
  • The North American Indian (notes)
       • Battle of the Little Bighorn
       • The Demise of the Buffalo
  • The Buffalo in Indian Culture
  • Eradication of the Buffalo (environmental warfare)
  • NativeAmericans.com (deep background!)
       • Indian Territory
       • Trail of Tears
          • Relocation History & Timeline
  • The Indian Removal Act of 1830
       • Video
  • The Navajo Long Walk (1863)
  • The Frontier in American History (Turner, 1935)
  • History of the Transcontinental Railraod

  • US Indian Wars (Wikipedia)
       • Named Campaigns of the Indian Wars (CMH)
       • Indian Wars (1865-1890, AMH)
       • Indian Wars, 1866-1890 (Grimsley)
       • Indian Wars Battles (map)
       • Indian Wars Animated Maps (USMA, ppt)
       • Cavalry Outpost Duties (manual)
  • The Indian Wars (Maybury)
  • The Crush of the Plains & Mountain Indians
  • US Army in the Indian Wars (CMH)
  • Phil Sheridan and the Indian Wars
  • Total War: "Hard War in the West" (Grimsley)
  • US Army Organization & Unit Histories (CMH, 1896)
  • Artillery in the Indian Wars (pdf)
  • Atlas of the Sioux Wars (CARL, pdf)  • Pt 2
  • Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868
  • Custer's Black Hills Expedition of 1874
  • Campaign of 1876 (Wyoming Tales and Trails)
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn (Jun 1876 - NPS)
       • Campaign Maps  • Battle Map  • Photo Essay
       • Wikipedia  • Thumbnail
       • darkcreek.com (portal)
       • NativeAmericans.com
       • EyeWitnessToHistory.com
       • Significance of the Battle (littlebighorn.info)
  • Custer Portal
  • 7th Cavalry History (CMH. 1896)
  • Custer's Last Stand (video)
  • Nez Perce Campaign (1877)
       • Map
       • Chief Joseph, Nez Perce Chief
       • The Struggle of 1877 (NPS)
  • Victorio's War (1879-1880)
       • Chronology
  • Wounded Knee Massacre (1890)
  • The Buffalo Soldiers  • More  • More
       • 9th Cavalry History (CMH. 1896)  • More
       • 10th Cavalry History (CMH. 1896)  • More
       • Henry Flipper  • More  • More
          • Spartacus Educational
          • The Colored Cadet at West Point
  • Buffalo Soldiers At Fort Huachuca

  • The Pig War (US-UK, 1859-72)
       • American Camp  • British Camp
       • Wikipedia  • HistoryNet.com
       • Global Security  • Map
       • Smart Science

  • Egyptian War of 1882 (UK PRO)
  • The River War (Churchill on Sudan, e-book)
       • NY Times review (Jan 1900, pdf)

  • Nation-State Consolidation (1859-1871)

  • History of Germany
  • Road to German Unification
  • German Unification  • Chronology
       • Map  • Sequential Maps
       • Wikipedia
  • History of Prussia (German)
       • Military History (1740-1792)  • Pt 2  • Pt 3
       • Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815)
       • Danish War (1864)
       • Austro-Prussian War (1866)  • Pt 2
       • Franco-Prussian War (1870-71)  • Pt 2
  • Prussia Emerges as a Military Power
  • The German Empire (Second Reich)
  • Bismarck
  • Bismark & German Unification
       • Wars of Unification (outline)  • Map
  • Austro-Prussian (Seven Weeks) War
       • Oxford Companion to Military History
       • Reader's Companion to Military History
       • Battle of Königgrätz (Jul 1866)  • More  • More
  • Helmuth Karl von Moltke (the Elder)

  • Franco-German Enmity
  • France, Germany and Natural Resources

    Franco-Prussian War
  • Maps: Prussia-Germany (1618-1914)
  • Maps: Germany (1812-Today)
  • Franco-Prussian War
       • Reader's Companion to Military History (overview)
       • Infoplease.com
       • Encyclopedia Britannica of 1911
       • Columbia Encyclopedia
       • Oxford Military History Companion
       • World History at KMLA
       • Wars & Conflicts of 19th Century  • Another
       • MacroHistory (overview)
       • Encarta  • Pt 2 (culmination)
       • Armed Conflict Events Data (OnWar.com)
       • Encyclopedia of Marxism
       • Artwork, F-P War
  • Maps of the Franco-Prussian War  • More
       • Battles (German)
       • Overview Map (1.2M)
       • Siege of Paris
  • Ems Telegram (1870)
  • Franco-Prussian War (portal)
       • Causes  • Summary
       • Prussian Artillery Doctrine  • Details
       • Siege Warfare
  • Chronology of Franco-Prussian War (1870-71)
       • F-P War & French Civil War
  • Chronology of the War of 1870 (translated)
  • Franco-Prussian War Timeline  • Chronology
  • Diplomatic Background, F-P War (translated)
  • Napoleon III (Louis Bonaparte)
  • Melmuth von Molke
       • First Battle of Sedan (Aug-Sep 1870)
  • French Logistics
  • Prussian Wagons  • Description  • Image
  • British Military Thinking & the F-P War (JSTOR)
  • Improvements in Military Operations
  • The Siege of Paris (1870-1871)
  • The Civil War in France (March-May 1871)
  • Paris Commune (1871)
  • Civil War in France, 1871
  • Balloon Flights From Paris  • More  • More
       • Krupp's Balloon Gun
  • Treaty of Frankfurt (May 10, 1871)
  • Sheridan: Account of Franco-Prn War
  • War Correspondent, F-P War
  • History of French-Germany War (e-book, 1871)
  • Franco-Prussian War: Step Toward Total War
  • Weapons of F-P War: Rifles (translated)
       • Chassepot Rifle
       • French machine gun
       • French artillery
       • Prussian artillery: 4-pdr  • Another Image
  • Drill & German Infantry Tactics 1871-1914
  • French Tactical Doctrine 1870-1914
       • Full Article (JSTOR: GT only)
  • Germany & Europe, 1871-1945(e-book)
  • German Way of War, 1870-1914
  • Prussian Officer Development (1860-1914)
  • The German Empire (1871-1918)
  • German Militaria (Frederick the Great => Hitler)
  • Imperial German Military Knowledge Base
       • Imperial German Army Uniforms

  • Imperialism
  • Great Empires in History
  • European Imperialism (summary)
  • Imperialism (Wikipedia)
       • Answers.com (multiple definitions)
       • Encarta
       • Imperialism 101
       • What is Imperialism?
       • Internet Modern History Sourcebook (Fordham U)
       • The Globe At War (articles)
       • Imperialism: An Introduction (Regents Prep)
       • ThinkQuest (overview)
       • Age of Imperialism (Xenophile Historian)
  • Theories of Imperialism
  • Imperialism: A Study (John Hobson, 1902 - e-book)
       • Alt  • Excerpt
  • Colonialism (Wikipedia)  • Chronology
       • History 1450-1789 (scroll down)
  • Empire (Wikipedia)  • Global Empires (lists)
       • Spanish Empire
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       • French Colonial Empires
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       • German Colonial Empire
  • Reasons for Empire
       • Economic Reasons
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       • Strategic Reasons
       • Political Reasons
  • Imperialism Portal (scroll down)
  • World-wide Imperialism
  • New Imperialism (Wikipedia)
       • Rise of the New Imperialism
  • The New Imperialism (1815-1870)
       • 1870-1914
  • "New Imperialism" and its Fatal Flaws (post-9/11)
  • Quotations on New Imperialism
  • Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
  • Imperialism: A German View (1879)
  • Imperialism: A British View (1897)
  • The British Empire (portal)  • Overview
       • Wikipedia  • More History
       • Evolution of British Empire  • Animated Map
       • British Empire Trade Routes (animated)
       • Article: "Rise & Fall of British Empire"  • More
       • Article: "The Necessity for Imperium" (1870 debate)
       • List of British Colonies & Map  • Last Remaining
       • Units, Uniforms & Arms  • Ships
  • Timeline: British Age of Empire
  • Imperialism in Asia (map, 1914)
  • Scramble for Africa (Wikipedia)
  • Imperialism: Highest Stage of Capitalism (V I Lenin, 1916)
  • Scramble for China (1850-1910)   Map

  • Cultural Imperialism

    American Imperialism
  • American Empire (definition, Wikipedia)
  • Territorial Acquisitions of the US (Wikipedia)
  • Louisiana Purchase (1803)
       • Jefferson's Instructions to Merimether Lewis
  • Overseas Expansion of the US (Wikipedia)
  • US Military Interventions 1890-2004
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  • American Imperialism, 1898-1917 (Livingston)
  • Timeline of U.S. Imperialism (1854-1919)
  • America as an Imperial Power
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  • The Age of (US) Imperialism
  • US Foreign Policy in the Late 19th Century
  • US on Eve of Empire (portal)
  • "Manifest Destiny" (Harper's article, 1893)
  • The Burden of Imperialism, Then & Now (Grimsely, OSU)
  • Crusade of American Militarism
       • 1890's  • Spanish-American War
       • World War I  • World War II
       • Century of US Military Interventions
       • Propaganda
  • US Interventionism
  • American Imperialism in Editorial Cartoons
  • Impact of the Imperial Wars on US Army
  • War is a Racket (Gen Smedley Butler, USMC)
  • Roots of Empire (Radical critique of current US policy)
  • Expansion in the Pacific
  • Panama Canal
  • US Intervention in Lat