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Unseen Activity Recognition: A Hierarchical Active Transfer Learning Approach
Mohammad Arif Ul Alam and Nirmalya Roy
University of Maryland Baltimore County, University of Maryland Baltimore County

Human activity recognition (AR) is an essential element for user-centric and context-aware applications. While previous studies showed promising results using various machine learning algorithms, most of them can only recognize the activities that were previously seen in the training data. We investigate the challenges of improving the recognition of unseen daily activities in smart home environment, by better exploiting the hierarchical taxonomy of complex daily activities. We first (a) design a hierarchical representation of complex activity taxonomy in terms of human-readable semantic attributes, and (b) develop a hierarchy of classifiers which incorporates a cluster tree built on the domain knowledge from training samples. Though this model is rich in recognizing complex activities that are previously seen in training data, it is not well versed to recognize unseen complex activities without new training samples. To tackle this challenge, we extend Hierarchical Active Transfer Learning (HATL) approach that exploits semantic attribute cluster structure of complex activities shared between seen (source) and unseen (target) activity domains. Our approach employs transfer and active learning to help label target domain unlabeled data by spawning the most effective queries. We evaluated our approach with two real-time smart home systems (IRB #HP-00064387) which corroborates radical improvements in recognizing unseen complex activities.