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Dynamic Control of Flow Completion Time For Power Efficient Data Center Networks
Kuangyu Zheng and Xiaorui Wang
The Ohio State University, The Ohio State University

Data center network (DCN) can consume a significant amount of power (e.g., 10% to 20%) in large-scale data centers. To reduce the power consumption of DCN, traffic consolidation has been recently proposed as an effective approach to reduce the number of DCN devices in use. However, existing consolidation approaches do not sufficiently consider the flow completion time (FCT) requirement. On one hand, missing the FCT deadlines can cause serious violation of service-level agreement, especially for delay-sensitive networking services, such as web search and E-commerce. On the other hand, keeping all the devices on to make FCTs much shorter than the desired requirements is unnecessary because 1) users may not be able to perceive the difference, and 2) such a greedy strategy can lead to unnecessarily high DCN power consumption and thus more electricity costs. In this paper, we propose FCTcon, a dynamic FCT control strategy for DCN power optimization. FCTcon is designed rigorously based on control theory to dynamically control the FCT of delay-sensitive traffic flows exactly to requirements, such that the desired FCT performance is guaranteed while the maximum amount of DCN power savings can be achieved. Results from both hardware experiments and simulation evaluations demonstrate that, compared to the state-of-the-art DCN power optimization schemes, FCTcon can improve the DCN FCT performance, while achieving nearly the same or even more power savings. Consequently, FCTcon can result in more than 22.0% to 62.2% extra net profits for a data center with 50K servers.