We asked experts from the College of Computing community about possible 2019 trends in their respective fields. Along with a number of responses relating to the need for more transparency and accountability in artificial intelligence, our experts weighed in on what's next for networking, robotics, high-performance computing, and more.
“Cognitive and learning sciences will stage a come back in 2019 because of the growing importance of AI ethics, AI education, and human learning and education more generally.” – Professor Ashok Goel, School of Interactive Computing
“2019 will be the year 5G cellular service takes-off allowing providers to support more low-power devices, more sensors and other small devices connecting through cellular networks. In the long run, this technology will be critical for driverless cars and for innovative virtual reality applications.” – Regents' Professor Mostafa Ammar, School of Computer Science
"New discoveries in health, finance, transportation, and security, will all be enabled by data sciences at the confluence of machine learning and graph analytics. Georgia Tech researchers will lead the way!" – Chair and Professor David Bader, School of Computational Science and Engineering
“In 2019, I think the field of natural language processing will continue to come up with better ways to diagnose bias and explicitly build systems that actually get rid or try to get rid of it entirely. Not just for gender, but also for age and race. Originally, this was kind of an ad hoc procedure, but we are getting better at making this more standardized so that when people build these systems they’re asking from the jump, ‘how do we not bias against certain groups or speech patterns.’” – Ph.D. Candidate Ian Stewart, Machine Learning Center at Georgia Tech
“Despite the strength of the anticipated market, the field of intimate robots remains a wild 'Westworld' in 2019 with little policy guidance or regulation. A lack of research to shed light on the implications of this technology on society poses significant concerns and potential threats to the social fabric.” – Regents' Professor Ron Arkin, School of Interactive Computing
“On the national level, the hot topics in startups for 2019 will continue to be in artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, blockchain, and cryptocurrencies. I do expect to see a heavy emphasis on these topics amongst the startup community in Atlanta as well. However, with Atlanta’s history and past successes, there is likely to be a domain focus on fintech, security, and video.” – CREATE-X Founding Director and Wayne J. Holman Chair and Professor Raghupathy Sivakumar, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
"A lot of the hype surrounding artificial intelligence and machine learning the last few years revolved around companies and research labs talking about "artificial general intelligence" (AGI). There is a lot of confusion as to what that means, but the common interpretation is that an AGI system is one that is broadly able to perform a lot of tasks that humans can do. However, we have yet to see a true AGI system emerge and a majority of AI work is still done on intelligent systems being trained to do a single task (or a few very closely related tasks). In 2019, the AI research and development community needs to put talk of AGI aside. This will, in turn, help us realize that there may be hybrid approaches where we combine deep neural networks with other algorithms, particularly symbolic AI algorithms, to perform certain tasks better. I think we have already started to see some signs of progress in hybrid systems if we consider the potential of AlphaZero and GoLearn." – Associate Professor Mark Riedl, School of Interactive Computing