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Parallel Algorithm for Core Maintenance in Dynamic Graphs
Na Wang, Dongxiao Yu, Hai Jin, Chen Qian, Xia Xie and Qiang-Sheng Hua
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

This paper initiates the studies of parallel algorithms for core maintenance in dynamic graphs. The core number is a fundamental index reflecting the cohesiveness of a graph, which are widely used in large-scale graph analytics. The core maintenance problem requires to update the core numbers of vertices after a set of edges and vertices are inserted into or deleted from the graph. We investigate the parallelism in the core update process when multiple edges and vertices are inserted or deleted. Specifically, we discover a structure called superior edge set, the insertion or deletion of edges in which can be processed in parallel. Based on the structure of superior edge set, efficient parallel algorithms are then devised for incremental and decremental core maintenance respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the proposed algorithms are the first parallel ones for the fundamental core maintenance problem. The algorithms show a significant speedup in the processing time compared with previous results that sequentially handle edge and vertex insertions/deletions. Finally, extensive experiments are conducted on different types of real-world and synthetic datasets, and the results illustrate the efficiency, stability and scalability of the proposed algorithms.