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Are HTTP/2 Servers Ready Yet?
Muhui Jiang, Xiapu Luo, Tungngai Miu, Shengtuo Hu and Weixiong Rao
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Nexusguard Limited, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Tongji University

Superseding HTTP/1.1, the dominating web protocol, HTTP/2 promises to make web applications faster and safer by introducing many new features, such as multiplexing, header compression, request priority, server push, etc. Although a few recent studies examined the adoption of HTTP/2 and evaluated its impacts, little is known about whether the popular HTTP/2 servers have correctly realized the new features and how the deployed servers use these features. To fill in the gap, in this paper, we conduct the first systematic investigation by inspecting six popular implementations of HTTP/2 servers (i.e., Nginx, Apache, H2O, Lightspeed, nghttpd and Tengine) and measuring the top 1 million Alexa web sites. In particular, we propose new methods to assess the new features in those servers and realize them in a tool named H2Scope. The results of large-scale measurement on HTTP/2 web sites through H2Scope reveal new observations and insights. This study sheds light on the current status and the future research of HTTP/2.