Artist-Directed Dynamics for 2D Animation


Yunfei Bai        Danny M. Kaufman        C.Karen Liu        Jovan Popović


Animation artists enjoy the benefits of simulation but do not want to be held back by its constraints. Artist-directed dynamics seeks to resolve this need with a unified method that combines simulation with classical keyframing techniques. The combination of these approaches improves upon both extremes: simulation becomes more customizable and keyframing becomes more automatic. Examining our system in the context of the twelve fundamental animation principles reveals that it stands out for its treatment of exaggeration and appeal. Our system accommodates abrupt jumps, large plastic deformations, and makes it easy to reuse carefully crafted animations.




Artist-Directed Dynamics for 2D Animation

Yunfei Bai, Danny M. Kaufman, C. Karen Liu, Jovan Popović
ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH), 2016



  title={Artistic-dynamics for 2D animation},
  author={Bai, Yunfei and Kaufman, M. Danny and Liu, C. Karen and Popović, Jovan},
  booktitle={ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH 2016)},


Main Video (mp4)

Supplementary Video #1 (mp4)

Supplementary Video #2 (mp4)